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#1Yang Li (Bangor University)
#2Aina Casaponsa (Lancaster University)H-Index: 5
Last.Guillaume Thierry (Bangor University)H-Index: 33
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Abstract The ability to conceive time is a corner stone of human cognition. It is unknown, however, whether time conceptualisation differs depending on language of operation in bilinguals. Whilst both Chinese and English cultures associate the future with the front space, some temporal expressions of Chinese involve a configuration reversal due to historic reasons. For instance, Chinese refers to the day after tomorrow using the spatiotemporal metaphor hou-tian – ‘back-day’ and to the day before...
#1Alonso Cárdenas-de-la-Parra (Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital)
#2Sandra Martin-Brevet (UNIL: University of Lausanne)H-Index: 4
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Abstract Most of human genome is present in two copies (maternal and paternal). However, segments of the genome can be deleted or duplicated, and many of these genomic variations (known as Copy Number Variants) are associated with psychiatric disorders. 16p11.2 copy number variants (breakpoint 4–5) confer high risk for neurodevelopmental disorders and are associated with structural brain alterations of large effect-size. Methods used in previous studies were unable to investigate the onset of th...
#1Sophie K. Herbst (University of Lübeck)H-Index: 3
#2Sophie K. Herbst (University of Lübeck)
Last.Jonas Obleser (University of Lübeck)H-Index: 36
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Abstract Can human listeners use implicit temporal contingencies in auditory input to form temporal predictions, and if so, how are these predictions represented endogenously? To assess this question, we implicitly manipulated temporal predictability in an auditory pitch discrimination task: unbeknownst to participants, the pitch of the standard tone could either be deterministically predictive of the temporal onset of the target tone, or convey no predictive information. Predictive and non-pred...
#1Ruimin Wang (Kyushu University)H-Index: 2
#2Sheng Ge (SEU: Southeast University)H-Index: 6
Last.Keiji Iramina (Kyushu University)H-Index: 12
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Abstract Several recent studies have reported a frequency-dependent directional information flow loop in resting-state networks by phase transfer entropy, comprising an anterior-to-posterior information flow in the theta band and a posterior-to-anterior information flow in the alpha band. However, the functional roles of this information flow loop remain unclear. In the current study, we compared information flow patterns in four different brain states using electroencephalography: resting-state...
#1Torgil VangbergH-Index: 16
#2Live Eikenes (NTNU: Norwegian University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 14
Last.Asta Håberg (NTNU: Norwegian University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 29
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Abstract Even though age-related white matter hyperintensities (WMH) begin to emerge in middle age, their effect on brain micro- and macrostructure in this age group is not fully elucidated. We have examined how presence of WMH and load of WMH affect regional brain volumes and microstructure in a validated, representative general population sample of 873 individuals between 50 and 66 years. Presence of WMH was determined as Fazakas grade ≥1. WMH load was WMH volume from manual tracing of WMHs di...
#1Naama Mayseless (Stanford University)H-Index: 8
#2Grace Hawthorne (HPI: Hasso Plattner Institute)H-Index: 5
Last.Allan L. Reiss (Stanford University)H-Index: 103
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Abstract It is often assumed that groups of individuals can work together to achieve innovation and solve complex problems they are unable to solve on their own. One of the underlying assumptions is that a group can be more creative and innovative than single individuals. Previous research has begun to examine the process by which problem solving occurs in teams looking to achieve innovation. Despite this progress, a clear, brain-based model that informs how team interactivity contributes and im...
#1Jin Gu (TJU: Tianjin University)
#2Linjing Cao (TJU: Tianjin University)
Last.Baolin Liu (USTB: University of Science and Technology Beijing)
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Abstract Valence is a dimension of emotion and can be either positive, negative, or neutral. Valences can be expressed through the visual and auditory modalities, and the valences of each modality can be conveyed by different types of stimuli (face, body, voice or music). This study focused on the modality-general representations of valences, that is, valence information can be shared across not only visual and auditory modalities but also different types of stimuli within each modality. Functio...
#2Claudia BussH-Index: 37
Last.Jens C. PruessnerH-Index: 64
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Abstract Disentangling age-related changes from developmental variations in hippocampal volume has proven challenging. This article presents a manual segmentation protocol for the hippocampal-to-ventricle ratio (HVR), a measure combining the assessment of hippocampal volume with surrounding ventricular volume. By providing in a single measure both a standard volumetric assessment of the hippocampus and an approximation of volume loss, based on ventricular enlargement, we believe the HVR provides...
#1Mathieu Bourguignon (ULB: Université libre de Bruxelles)H-Index: 18
#2Veikko Jousmäki (Aalto University)H-Index: 21
Last.Xavier De Tiege (ULB: Université libre de Bruxelles)H-Index: 26
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Abstract Electroencephalographic and magnetoencephalographic data have characterized two types of brain–body interactions observed during various types of motor actions, “corticokinematic” and “corticomuscular” coupling. Here, we review the literature on these interactions in healthy individuals, discuss several open debates, and outline current limitations and directions for future research. Corticokinematic coupling (commonly referred to as corticokinematic coherence) probes the relationship b...
#1Mark DrakesmithH-Index: 9
#2Robbert L. HarmsH-Index: 3
Last.Derek K. JonesH-Index: 58
view all 7 authors...
Abstract The conduction velocity (CV) of action potentials along axons is a key neurophysiological property central to neural communication. The ability to estimate CV in humans in vivo from non-invasive MRI methods would therefore represent a significant advance in neuroscience. However, there are two major challenges that this paper aims to address: (1) Much of the complexity of the neurophysiology of action potentials cannot be captured with currently available MRI techniques. Therefore, we s...
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