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Robert W. Herdt5
Estimated H-index: 5
The consequences of the invention of DNA-based molecular techniques and their application to agriculture have been pervasive. This review examines the key consequences for farmers and the public. These include widespread commercial applications of agricultural biotechnology in a limited number of countries, a large private-sector investment in biotechnology research, significant economic contributions to farmers, continuing controversy over its environmental impacts, ...
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H. C. Sharma28
Estimated H-index: 28
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Jonathan H. Crouch35
Estimated H-index: 35
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Kiran K. Sharma22
Estimated H-index: 22
... more
Recombinant DNA technology has significantly augmented the conventional crop improvement, and has a great promise to assist plant breeders to meet the increased food demand predicted for the 21st century. Dramatic progress has been made over the past two decades in manipulating genes from diverse and exotic sources, and inserting them into microorganisms and crop plants to confer resistance to insect pests and diseases, tolerance to herbicides, drought, soil salinity and aluminum toxicity; impro...
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Mark J. Ahn4
Estimated H-index: 4
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Anne S. York7
Estimated H-index: 7
In this study, we use both resource-based and institution-based theories to examine potential sources of competitive advantage in the relatively new and rapidly growing biotechnology sector. We then use those theories as the basis for a multimethod study to assess the priorities, capabilities, and competitiveness of the emerging biotechnology industry in Malaysia. Multifunctional experts from a biotechnology industry organization in Malaysia identified the use of biotechn...
Ref 46Cited 46
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Jorge Niosi23
Estimated H-index: 23
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Petr Hanel12
Estimated H-index: 12
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Susan E. Reid10
Estimated H-index: 10
According to conventional economic theory, countries tend to converge in economic and technological terms towards the leader. More recently, empirical approaches by economic historians (Abramovitz, Landes, Madison, Reinert) have found that while some countries are catching up, others are falling increasingly behind. Several theories compete to explain the precise mechanisms that explain how technological diffusion takes place. The paper reviews them and draws testable hypotheses for the study of...
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Wolfram Weckwerth50
Estimated H-index: 50
Abstract Plants have shaped our human life form from the outset. With the emerging recognition of world population feeding, global climate change and limited energy resources with fossil fuels, the relevance of plant biology and biotechnology is becoming dramatically important. One key issue is to improve plant productivity and abiotic/biotic stress resistance in agriculture due to restricted land area and increasing environmental pressures. Another aspect is the development of CO ...
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J Abah1
Estimated H-index: 1
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Mn Ishaq1
Estimated H-index: 1
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Ac Wada1
Estimated H-index: 1
Food security and sustainable agriculture have become a burning issues in the national discuss at all levels of government as plans are being made for a changing global climate and increasing global population. One of the most important environmental challenges facing the developing world is how to meet current food needs without undermining the ability of future generations to meet theirs. Agricultural production must be sufficient to feed us now and in the future. Evidently, the ...
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Geoffrey Barrows5
Estimated H-index: 5
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Steven E. Sexton14
Estimated H-index: 14
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David Zilberman58
Estimated H-index: 58
For millennia, humans have modified plant genes in order to develop crops best suited for food, fiber, feed, and energy production. Conventional plant breeding remains inherently random and slow, constrained by the availability of desirable traits in closely related plant species. In contrast, agricultural biotechnology employs the modern tools of genetic engineering to reduce uncertainty and breeding time and to transfer traits from more distantly related plants. Critics express c...
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Anila Hoda1
Estimated H-index: 1
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Irena Sherameti22
Estimated H-index: 22
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Fatos Harizaj1
Estimated H-index: 1
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The 1st International Conference on “Biotechnology in Agriculture” was held at the Agricultural University of Tirana, Albania, from the 22nd to the 23rd of April 2014. The conference was organized as collaboration between the Agricultural University of Tirana (AUT) and the Friedrich Schiller University in Jena, Germany. About 200 scientists from different countries presented their work orally or as posters covering the three main topics of the conference: plant...
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Sven Ove Hansson38
Estimated H-index: 38
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Karin Joelsson1
Estimated H-index: 1
In public debates, agricultural biotechnology is almost invariably discussed as a potential threat to the environment and to human health. Without downplaying the risks associated with this technology we emphasize that if properly regulated, it can be a forceful tool to solve environmental problems and promote human health. Agricultural biotechnology can reduce environmental problems in at least three ways: it can diminish the need for environmentally damaging ...
Ref 74Cited 8
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Thomas Bernauer30
Estimated H-index: 30
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Erika Meins1
Estimated H-index: 1
This paper is now published as:Bernauer, Thomas, Meins, Erika. 2003. Technological Revolution Meets Policy and the Market: Explaining Cross-National Differences in Agricultural Biotechnology Regulation. European Journal of Political Research 42/5:643-683.Please read and cite the published version.The development and marketing of agricultural biotechnology applications has led to controversies over whether and how to regulate this new technology. In response, th...
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