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Shuxin Bi2
Estimated H-index: 2
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Gavriel Salvendy43
Estimated H-index: 43
Human supervisory control of advanced manufacturing systems is characterized by dynamic, discrete, and random decision-making tasks. With humans in the system control loop, there is a concern on cognitive task allocation based on human mental workload and performance. Traditional task analysis techniques based on observable actions are no longer appropriate. In this article, an analytical model was developed based on the conceptual model of human workload prediction proposed by Salvendy (...
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In order to prevail in the emerging turbulent business environment, the work organization of advanced manufacturing must be able to adapt diligently and dynamically to the vicissitudes of a volatile market. Meeting this demand requires horizontal exchange of information within a self-organizing cooperative ensemble of decision makers with a high degree of autonomy in their strategies and conceptualizations. Advanced manufac- turing therefore poses new demands on the information sys...
Ref 33Cited 24
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Per Dahlén5
Estimated H-index: 5
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Gunnar Bolmsjö12
Estimated H-index: 12
A central part of the design of a production system is to methodically weigh the production factors, labor, and capital (machines, robots, etc.) and integrate them into a well-functioning unit. The purpose of this article is to analyze the impact of human factors on the design of an Advanced Manufacturing System (AMS). The impact is illustrated in a case study of a Swedish engineering company. An investment in automated spot welding is justified in a Life-Cycle Cost analysis. In th...
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Using automated machinery does not eliminate accident risks. This article describes the extent to which accidents occur working with advanced manufacturing technology (AMT); analyzes differences with respect to severity and part of the body injured between AMT accidents, other machine accidents and accidents not related to machinery; describes some characteristics of AMT accidents. Data come from two engineering plants. AMT accidents constituted a substantial proportion of the acci...
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Jari Järvinen3
Estimated H-index: 3
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Waldemar Karwowski35
Estimated H-index: 35
Reviewing past accidents is one way to identify hazards caused by advanced manufacturing systems and to manage accident prevention efforts. However, only a limited amount of data is currently available on industrial accidents due to advanced manufacturing environments, or these data cannot be easily distinguished from general industrial accident statistics. The main objective of this study was to examine the self-reported accident data attributed to advanced manufacturing en...
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Alfredo Pinochet1
Estimated H-index: 1
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Yukihiro Matsubara8
Estimated H-index: 8
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Mitsuo Nagamachi25
Estimated H-index: 25
Abstract The purpose of this research has been to identify and summarize principles that have appeared in Human Factors, Manufacturing, and Management literature that apply to an ideal Sociotechnical Integration (STI) of Advanced Manufacturing Technologies (AMTs) and to develop a Knowledge-Based System prototype that, using these principles, can help diagnose the degree of STI present in an organization that has upgraded or is planning to upgrade its manufacturing facilities with A...
Cited 15
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Pentti Seppäiä1
Estimated H-index: 1
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Eva Tuominen1
Estimated H-index: 1
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Paavo Koskinen1
Estimated H-index: 1
The impact of the introduction of advanced manufacturing technology (AMT) and the new flexible production philosophy on the organization of work, job contents, work demands, and employees' well-being was studied in nine Finnish engineering companies. The AMT included in the study consisted of FMS, CNC machining centers, and robotized machining cells. The data were collected by interviews, job analyses, and questionnaires. The results support the view that AMT does not inevitably re...
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Sven Åke Hörte2
Estimated H-index: 2
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Per Lindberg8
Estimated H-index: 8
Sweden has a relatively advanced manufacturing base. The density of advanced manufacturing technologies is among the highest in the world. The labor force is relatively well educated, but the labor supply is a problem, partly due to the perceived low status of industrial work. This calls for extraordinary efforts in the design of manufacturing systems and work organizations. This article reports results from 27 flexible manufacturing system installations in Sweden. The technical an...
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Thomas J. Smith5
Estimated H-index: 5
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Robert A. Henning15
Estimated H-index: 15
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Karl U. Smith15
Estimated H-index: 15
The science of behavioral cybernetics deals with the analysis of human behavior as a closed-loop, self-governed process. Social cybernetics focuses upon the reciprocal feedback interactions between two or more individuals in a group or organizational setting. Human-computer interaction (HCI) also can be characterized as a social cybernetic process. The central thesis of this paper is that social cybernetics provides a comprehensive conceptual framework for understanding the nature and sou...
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Danny Samson28
Estimated H-index: 28
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A. Sohal1
Estimated H-index: 1
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E. Ramsay1
Estimated H-index: 1
This article examines, using a case study format, companies that have attempted to introduce just-in-time, total quality management, and advanced manufacturing technologies as new manufacturing improvement initiatives. In all cases, it was found that the new systems cannot simply be placed into an organization without carefully attending to a number of human resource issues such as training and skills, cooperation and involvement, and overall work culture. In manufacturing manag...
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