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2002 in Science [IF: 37.20]
Marie Csete26
Estimated H-index: 26
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John C. Doyle78
Estimated H-index: 78
Advanced technologies and biology have extremely different physical implementations, but they are far more alike in systems-level organization than is widely appreciated. Convergent evolution in both domains produces modular architectures that are composed of elaborate hierarchies of protocols and layers of feedback regulation, are driven by demand for robustness to uncertain environments, and use often imprecise components. This complexity may be largely hidden in idealized laboratory se...
Ref 3Cited 896
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1980 in Science [IF: 37.20]
Antal K. Bejczy29
Estimated H-index: 29
Some advances have been made in teleoperator technology through the introduction of various sensors, computers, automation, and new man-machine interface devices and techniques for remote manipulator control. The development of dexterous articulated mechanisms, smart sensors, flexible computer controls, intelligent man-machine interfaces, and innovative system designs for advanced teleoperation is, however, far from complete, and poses many interdisciplinary challenges. This article summa...
Ref 3Cited 125
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1988 in Science [IF: 37.20]
Ralph E. Gomory27
Estimated H-index: 27
,
Roland W. Schmitt2
Estimated H-index: 2
Much of what needs to be changed in U.S. industry involves close ties to manufacturing, design for manufacturability, a rapid design cycle, and up-to-date technical knowledge on the part of the engineers themselves. Being up-to-date requires conscious company effort. Traveling to meetings, reading the technical literature, and being a part of the engineering community are necessities if we are to compete with others who make these efforts and are thus better able to incorporate technical ...
Cited 94
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2017 in Science [IF: 37.20]
John L. Bohn34
Estimated H-index: 34
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Ana Maria Rey26
Estimated H-index: 26
,
J. Ye73
Estimated H-index: 73
Cooling atoms to ultralow temperatures has produced a wealth of opportunities in fundamental physics, precision metrology, and quantum science. The more recent application of sophisticated cooling techniques to molecules, which has been more challenging to implement owing to the complexity of molecular structures, has now opened the door to the longstanding goal of precisely controlling molecular internal and external degrees of freedom and the resulting interaction processes. This line o...
Ref 113Cited 24
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1986 in Science [IF: 37.20]
Erich Bloch3
Estimated H-index: 3
The United States faces an international economic challenge that can best be met with a renewed emphasis on the basic science and engineering that underlies new technology. For 20 years, however, the nation has not invested adequately in the science and engineering base, with the result that we have too few young people entering science and engineering programs and inadequate facilities and equipment in the nation's universities. We need a fresh i...
Cited 15
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2007 in Science [IF: 37.20]
Jeffrey Mervis14
Estimated H-index: 14
EDUCATION RESEARCHAfter U.S. high school students did poorly on the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study in 1995, the government has decided not to participate in another version to be given next year.
Cited 5
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2017 in Science [IF: 37.20]
Jian He26
Estimated H-index: 26
,
Terry M. Tritt48
Estimated H-index: 48
BACKGROUND Heat and electricity are two forms of energy that are at opposite ends of a spectrum. Heat is ubiquitous, but with low quality, whereas electricity is versatile, but its production is demanding. Thermoelectrics offers a simple and environmentally friendly solution for direct heat-to-electricity conversion. A thermoelectric (TE) device can directly convert heat emanating from the Sun, radioisotopes, automobiles, industrial sectors, or even the human body to electricity. Electricity als...
Ref 141Cited 67
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2012 in Science [IF: 37.20]
Célia R.S. Garcia25
Estimated H-index: 25
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Armando J. Parodi1
Estimated H-index: 1
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Glaucius Oliva32
Estimated H-index: 32
How can a country rapidly improve its capacity in Science, Technology, and Innovation? Invest in people, as Latin America is doing. For Brazil, supporting this effort through international exchange and increased mobility over the past year will substantially enlarge the nation's corpus of highly qualified scientists and technologists. Argentina has increased its number of doctoral fellowships and is concentrating on recruiting back Argentine investigators working abroad to advance ...
Cited 4
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2009 in Science [IF: 37.20]
Walter V. Reid25
Estimated H-index: 25
,
Catherine Bréchignac1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Yuan T. Lee65
Estimated H-index: 65
Human-induced climate change was unknown outside of limited scientific circles just 25 years ago, but it has now become the focus of intense national discussions and international negotiations. One chapter in the story of how this issue moved from lab benches to national capitals was recognized by the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize, which was co-awarded to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) for its influential assessments of the state of scientific knowledge. But the story also ...
Cited 26
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1980 in Science [IF: 37.20]
Hugh J. Miser1
Estimated H-index: 1
The science of man-machine operating systems, which includes operations research and systems analysis, has achieved a substantial body of theory and application over the last 40 years. Its current strength prompts it to attack difficult large-scale problems while challenging the other relevant sciences to unite, not only with each other and operations and systems research, but also with society, to deal with some of the most widespread and important problems of our ti...
Ref 13Cited 34
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