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2016 in Genome BiologyIF: 13.21
Henry Daniell70
Estimated H-index: 70
(University of Pennsylvania),
Choun-Sea Lin19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Academia Sinica)
+ 1 AuthorsWan Jung Chang3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Academia Sinica)
Chloroplasts play a crucial role in sustaining life on earth. The availability of over 800 sequenced chloroplast genomes from a variety of land plants has enhanced our understanding of chloroplast biology, intracellular gene transfer, conservation, diversity, and the genetic basis by which chloroplast transgenes can be engineered to enhance plant agronomic traits or to produce high-value agricultural or biomedical products. In this review, we discuss the impact of ...
107 Citations Source Cite
2016 in PLOS GeneticsIF: 5.54
Prakitchai Chotewutmontri3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Oregon),
Alice Barkan48
Estimated H-index: 48
(University of Oregon)
Chloroplast genomes in land plants contain approximately 100 genes, the majority of which reside in polycistronic transcription units derived from cyanobacterial operons. The expression of chloroplast genes is integrated into developmental programs underlying the differentiation of photosynthetic cells from non-photosynthetic progenitors. In C4 plants, the partitioning of photosynthesis between two cell types, bundle sheath and mesophyll, adds an additional layer of complexity. We ...
30 Citations Download PDF Cite
David B. Stern54
Estimated H-index: 54
(Cornell University),
Michel Goldschmidt-Clermont36
Estimated H-index: 36
(University of Geneva),
Maureen R. Hanson53
Estimated H-index: 53
(Cornell University)
The chloroplast genome encodes proteins required for photosynthesis, gene expression, and other essential organellar functions. Derived from a cyanobacterial ancestor, the chloroplast combines prokaryotic and eukaryotic features of gene expression and is regulated by many nucleus-encoded proteins. This review covers four major chloroplast posttranscriptional processes: RNA processing, editing, splicing, and turnover. RNA processing includes the generation of transcript 5′ an...
249 Citations Source Cite
2015 in Nature CommunicationsIF: 12.35
Takaaki Miyaji16
Estimated H-index: 16
Takashi Kuromori17
Estimated H-index: 17
+ 8 AuthorsYoshinori Moriyama46
Estimated H-index: 46
(Okayama University)
In plants, ascorbate is synthesized in the mitochondria yet plays essential roles as an antioxidant in the chloroplast. Here, Miyaji et al. show that AtPHT4;4 is a chloroplast envelope ascorbate transporter and suggest it is required for dissipation of excess energy under light stress.
51 Citations Download PDF Cite
2015 in Developmental CellIF: 9.62
Jeffrey L. Caplan19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Delaware Biotechnology Institute),
Amutha Sampath Kumar5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Delaware Biotechnology Institute)
+ 5 AuthorsSavithramma P. Dinesh-Kumar50
Estimated H-index: 50
(University of Minnesota)
Summary Inter-organellar communication is vital for successful innate immune responses that confer defense against pathogens. However, little is known about how chloroplasts, which are a major production site of pro-defense molecules, communicate and coordinate with other organelles during defense. Here we show that chloroplasts send out dynamic tubular extensions called stromules during innate immunity or exogenous application of the pro-defense signals, hydrogen peroxide (H 2 O 2...
83 Citations Source Cite
2017 in ScienceIF: 41.06
Yusuke Kobayashi19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Kyoto University),
Osami Misumi25
Estimated H-index: 25
(Yamaguchi University)
+ 9 AuthorsYoshiki Nishimura17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Kyoto University)
Holliday junctions, four-stranded DNA structures formed during homologous recombination, are disentangled by resolvases that have been found in prokaryotes and eukaryotes but not in plant organelles. Here, we identify monokaryotic chloroplast 1 (MOC1) as a Holliday junction resolvase in chloroplasts by analyzing a green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii mutant defective in chloroplast nucleoid (DNA-protein complex) segregation. MOC1 is structurally similar to a bacterial Hollid...
6 Citations Download PDF Cite
1986 in NatureIF: 41.58
Kanji Ohyama30
Estimated H-index: 30
Hideya Fukuzawa37
Estimated H-index: 37
+ 10 AuthorsHaruo Ozeki24
Estimated H-index: 24
Chloroplast gene organization deduced from complete sequence of liverwort Marchantia polymorpha chloroplast DNA
1,141 Citations Source Cite
Jinping Zhao10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Tsinghua University),
Xian Zhang5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Hangzhou Normal University)
+ 1 AuthorsYule Liu37
Estimated H-index: 37
(Tsinghua University)
In plants, the chloroplast is the organelle that conducts photosynthesis. It has been known that chloroplast is involved in virus infection of plants for approximate 70 years. Recently, the subject of chloroplast-virus interplay is getting more and more attention. In this article we discuss the different aspects of chloroplast-virus interaction into three sections: the effect of virus infection on the structure and function of chloroplast, the role of chloro...
31 Citations Source Cite
Peiqiang Feng6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Chinese Academy of Sciences),
Hailong Guo4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Chinese Academy of Sciences)
+ 9 AuthorsLixin Zhang39
Estimated H-index: 39
(Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Light is a major environmental factor regulating flowering time, thus ensuring reproductive success of higher plants. In contrast to our detailed understanding of light quality and photoperiod mechanisms involved, the molecular basis underlying high light-promoted flowering remains elusive. Here we show that, in Arabidopsis, a chloroplast-derived signal is critical for high light-regulated flowering mediated by the FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC). We also demonstrate that PTM, a PHD transcription...
13 Citations Source Cite
2015 in Trends in Plant ScienceIF: 12.15
Qingjun Xie2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Weizmann Institute of Science),
Simon Michaeli4
Estimated H-index: 4
+ 1 AuthorsGad Galili55
Estimated H-index: 55
(Weizmann Institute of Science)
Degradation of chloroplasts is a hallmark of both natural and stress-induced plant senescence. Autophagy and senescence-associated vacuoles are two established cellular pathways for chloroplast degradation. Recently, a third independent pathway for chloroplast degradation was reported. Here we will discuss this new discovery in relation to the other known pathways.
29 Citations Download PDF Cite