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The bureaucratization of science

Published on Oct 1, 2015in Research Policy5.42
· DOI :10.1016/j.respol.2015.04.010
John Walsii28
Estimated H-index: 28
(Georgia Institute of Technology),
You-Na Lee6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Georgia Institute of Technology)
Abstract
While science is traditionally treated as a distinct domain of work organization, increasingly science is organized around larger and larger work groups that resemble small firms, with knowledge as the product. The growth of organized science raises the question of whether we also see a bureaucratic structuring of scientific work groups as predicted by organization theory, with implications for the academic credit system and scientific labor markets. Building on organization theory, we examine the relation between project group size, technical environment, and bureaucratic structuring of scientific work. Using survey data on scientific projects, we find size predicts bureaucratic structuring, with declining marginal effects. We also find that interdisciplinarity and task interdependence have distinct effects on bureaucratic structuring. Finally, the relationship between size and some dimensions of bureaucratic structuring is contingent on levels of work group interdependence in the field. We conclude with a discussion of the implications for policy debates about authorship and scientific careers.
  • References (92)
  • Citations (26)
References92
Newest
#1You-Na Lee (Georgia Institute of Technology)H-Index: 6
#2John Walsii (GRIPS: National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies)H-Index: 28
Last.Jian Wang (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)H-Index: 11
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#1Sotaro Shibayama (UTokyo: University of Tokyo)H-Index: 9
#2Yasunori Baba (UTokyo: University of Tokyo)H-Index: 11
Last.John Walsii (GRIPS: National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies)H-Index: 28
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#1Michael H. G. Hoffmann (Darmstadt University of Applied Sciences)H-Index: 13
#2Jan C. Schmidt (Darmstadt University of Applied Sciences)H-Index: 10
Last.Nancy J. Nersessian (Darmstadt University of Applied Sciences)H-Index: 1
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#1Jonathon N. Cummings (Duke University)H-Index: 26
#2Sara Kiesler (CMU: Carnegie Mellon University)H-Index: 76
Last.Aruna D. Balakrishnan (CMU: Carnegie Mellon University)H-Index: 6
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Cited By26
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#1S. A. Kolesnikov (ASU: Arizona State University)H-Index: 4
#2Seokkyun Woo (Georgia Institute of Technology)H-Index: 1
Last.Jan Youtie (Georgia Institute of Technology)H-Index: 21
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#1Gabriela A. Nagy (Duke University)
#2Caitlin M. Fang (Duke University)H-Index: 4
Last.M. Zachary Rosenthal (Duke University)H-Index: 24
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#1Hugo Horta (HKU: University of Hong Kong)H-Index: 16
#2João M. Santos (ISCTE-IUL: ISCTE – University Institute of Lisbon)H-Index: 2
#1John Walsii (Georgia Institute of Technology)H-Index: 28
#2You-Na Lee (NUS: National University of Singapore)H-Index: 6
Last.Li Tang (Fudan University)H-Index: 13
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