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Fluency in Native and Nonnative English Speech

Published on Mar 20, 2013
· DOI :10.1075/scl.53
Sandra Götz3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Giessen)
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Abstract
This book takes a new and holistic approach to fluency in English speech and differentiates between productive, perceptive, and nonverbal fluency. The in-depth corpus-based description of productive fluency points out major differences of how fluency is established in native and nonnative speech. It also reveals areas in which even highly advanced learners of English still deviate strongly from the native target norm and in which they have already approximated to it. Based on these findings, selected learners are subjected to native speakers' ratings of seven perceptive fluency variables in order to test which variables are most responsible for a perception of oral proficiency on the sides of the listeners. Finally, language-pedagogical implications derived from these findings for the improvement of fluency in learner language are presented. This book is conceptually and methodologically relevant for corpus-linguistics, learner corpus research and foreign language teaching and learning.
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Published on Sep 20, 2018in Language and Speech 1.44
Lan-fen Huang (Shih Chien University)
This corpus-based study examines the widely-used discourse marker well in Chinese-speaking learners’ speech and compares its frequencies in native speaker data and Swedish learners. While Swedish learners overuse well, Chinese-speaking learners (predominantly at the upper-intermediate level) significantly underuse it. The positions and functions of well are further examined using a functional framework. One-fourth of the Chinese-speaking learners who use well manipulate its positions in utteranc...
Published on Sep 1, 2019in Journal of Second Language Writing 4.20
Meixiu Zhang (NAU: Northern Arizona University)
Abstract Understanding the nature of collaboration is critical in collaborative writing (CW), as it impacts the amount of scaffolding that occurs and the amount of linguistic knowledge that can be retained (Storch, 2013). The most prevalent model to examine peer collaboration in CW is based on a global qualitative analysis of learners’ involvement in and control over a writing task (Storch, 2001a). However, this model does not account for the fluctuating nature of peer collaboration in CW. This ...
Published on May 31, 2018in Language Testing 1.15
Susana Pérez Castillejo (University of St. Thomas (Minnesota))
This study examines how foreign language anxiety (FLA) and proficiency relate to second language (L2) utterance fluency during a final oral exam. Thirty-eight learners of Spanish (L1 English) completed unplanned narratives that were coded for ratio and length of pauses between and within Analysis of Speech Units, mean length of run, phonation-time ratio, and articulation rate. Learners’ oral proficiency was measured with an aural/oral sentence imitation task. Multiple regression analyses showed ...
Antonio Bruyèl-Olmedo2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UIB: University of the Balearic Islands),
Maria Juan-Garau8
Estimated H-index: 8
(UIB: University of the Balearic Islands)
ABSTRACTSince its early studies, linguistic landscape has been approached from an increasing number of perspectives, which include the relative weight of languages in the signage of international holiday resorts. However, the coexistence of varieties of a given language in a single destination remains to be addressed. The research adopts a corpus-based approach to study English texts on display in the tourist resorts of S’Arenal and Magalluf in the Bay of Palma. Data analysis applies the framewo...
Published on May 6, 2019
Tomáš Gráf (Charles University in Prague)
Published on May 1, 2019in Journal of Pragmatics 1.33
Ludivine Crible4
Estimated H-index: 4
,
Elena Pascual
Abstract Discourse markers have a central role in planning and repairing processes of speech production. They relate with fluency and disfluency phenomena such as pauses, repetitions and reformulations. Their polyfunctionality is challenging and few form-function mappings are stable cross-linguistically. This study combines a functional and a structural approach to discourse markers and their combination with and within repetitions and self-repairs in native English, French and Spanish, in order...
Published on Feb 15, 2019in Language Assessment Quarterly 0.98
Peter Crosthwaite4
Estimated H-index: 4
(UQ: University of Queensland),
Michelle Reyes Raquel1
Estimated H-index: 1
(HKU: University of Hong Kong)
ABSTRACTThis study determines the fine-grained bottom-up linguistic features involved in successful second language (L2) English academic group oral tutorial discussion through the use of a spoken learner corpus composed of more than 20 hrs of L2 production. Student performances were graded by teacher-raters using a can-do rating scale, which assessed students’ ability to participate in a group academic oral discussion. The performances were transcribed and annotated for linguistic features such...
Published on Dec 1, 2018in Journal of Pragmatics 1.33
Boyd Davis11
Estimated H-index: 11
(UNCC: University of North Carolina at Charlotte),
Margaret Maclagan14
Estimated H-index: 14
(Cant.: University of Canterbury)
Abstract In this paper we draw from variationist analysis and ethnographic and sociopragmatic approaches to examine conversations with Maureen Littlejohn who moved from mild into moderate Alzheimer's disease over the six years of the study. As dementia increases, people often find it difficult to use pragmatic particles such as well, so or you know. We explore how Ms Littlejohn used UH, often dismissed by researchers as only marking hesitations, as a pragmatic particle in conversations with stud...