Match!

Körperliche Aktivität und kardiovaskuläre Erkrankungen

Published on Jan 1, 2012in Bundesgesundheitsblatt-gesundheitsforschung-gesundheitsschutz0.945
· DOI :10.1007/s00103-011-1390-2
Jochen Hansel3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
Christof Burgstahler29
Estimated H-index: 29
,
A. Nieß
Abstract
Erkrankungen des Herz-Kreislauf-Systems sind fur ungefahr 50% der Todesfalle in den westlichen Industrienationen verantwortlich. Korperliche Inaktivitat gilt als ein bedeutsamer kardiovaskularer Risikofaktor. Die vorliegende Arbeit gibt einen Uberblick uber die aktuellen Studien, die sich mit dem Stellenwert mangelnder korperlicher Aktivitat als Risikofaktor fur das Auftreten kardiovaskularer Erkrankungen befassen. Dabei wird auch darauf eingegangen, wie Umfang und Intensitat der korperlichen Aktivitat, das Alter, der spate Beginn der korperlichen Aktivitat und der Body-Mass-Index den Zusammenhang zwischen korperlicher Aktivitat und kardiovaskularen Erkrankungen beeinflussen.
  • References (57)
  • Citations (0)
References57
Newest
#1I. Graham (International Diabetes Federation)H-Index: 1
#2Dan AtarH-Index: 4
Last. A. ZampelasH-Index: 1
view all 64 authors...
951 CitationsSource
#3Joep PerkH-Index: 37
#4Gui De BackerH-Index: 82
Last. Christian WolpertH-Index: 45
view all 79 authors...
ABI : ankle–brachial index ACCORD : Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes ADVANCE : Action in Diabetes and Vascular Disease: Preterax and Diamicron Modified Release Controlled Evaluation AGREE : Appraisal of Guidelines Research and Evaluation AHA : American Heart Association apoA1 : apolipoprotein A1 apoB : apolipoprotein B CABG : coronary artery bypass graft surgery CARDS : Collaborative AtoRvastatin Diabetes Study CCNAP : Council on Cardiovascular Nursing and Allied Professions CHA...
2,732 CitationsSource
#1Jarett D. Berry (UTSW: University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center)H-Index: 30
#2Benjamin L. WillisH-Index: 19
Last. Donald M. Lloyd-Jones (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 91
view all 10 authors...
Objectives The purpose of this study was to determine the association between fitness and lifetime risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Background Higher levels of traditional risk factors are associated with marked differences in lifetime risks for CVD. However, data are sparse regarding the association between fitness and the lifetime risk for CVD. Methods We followed up 11,049 men who underwent clinical examination at the Cooper Institute in Dallas, Texas, before 1990 until the occurrence o...
103 CitationsSource
#1Daniel J. GreenH-Index: 67
#2Angela L. SpenceH-Index: 13
Last. Dick H. J. Thijssen (LJMU: Liverpool John Moores University)H-Index: 44
view all 5 authors...
Beneficial effects of exercise training on the vasculature have been consistently reported in subjects with cardiovascular risk factors or disease, whereas studies in apparently healthy subjects have been less uniform. In this review, we examine evidence pertaining to the impact of exercise training on conduit and resistance vessel function and structure in asymptomatic subjects. Studies of arterial function in vivo have mainly focused on the endothelial nitric oxide dilator system, which has ge...
113 CitationsSource
The association between physical activity and health was recognized as early as the fifth century BC by the Greek physician Hippocrates, who wrote the following: “All parts of the body, if used in moderation and exercised in labors to which each is accustomed, become thereby healthy and well developed and age slowly; but if they are unused and left idle, they become liable to disease, defective in growth and age quickly.” With the decline of the Hellenic civilization, this concept faded. For cen...
282 CitationsSource
#1Eric J. Shiroma (Harvard University)H-Index: 18
#2I-Min Lee (Harvard University)H-Index: 98
In 1953, Morris et al1,2 published the findings from a study showing that bus conductors in London, who spent their working hours walking the length of the buses as well as climbing up and down the stairs of the English double-decker buses to collect fares, experienced half the coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality rates of their driver counterparts, who spent their day sitting behind the wheel. Investigators hypothesized that it was the physical activity of work that protected the conductors f...
311 CitationsSource
#1Dick H. J. Thijssen (LJMU: Liverpool John Moores University)H-Index: 44
#2Andrew Maiorana (Curtin University)H-Index: 25
Last. Daniel J. Green (LJMU: Liverpool John Moores University)H-Index: 67
view all 6 authors...
The effects of inactivity and exercise training on established and novel cardiovascular risk factors are relatively modest and do not account for the impact of inactivity and exercise on vascular risk. We examine evidence that inactivity and exercise have direct effects on both vasculature function and structure in humans. Physical deconditioning is associated with enhanced vasoconstrictor tone and has profound and rapid effects on arterial remodelling in both large and smaller arteries. Evidenc...
198 CitationsSource
#1Mikael Fogelholm (Academy of Finland)H-Index: 48
Summary The purpose of this systematic review was to study the relative health risks of poor cardio-respiratory fitness (or physical inactivity) in normal-weight people vs. obesity in individuals with good cardio-respiratory fitness (or high physical activity). The core inclusion criteria were: publication year 1990 or later; adult participants; design prospective follow-up, case–control or cross-sectional; data on cardio-respiratory fitness and/or physical activity; data on BMI (body mass index...
335 CitationsSource
#1Michael Joseph Joyner (Mayo Clinic)H-Index: 68
#2Daniel J. Green (LJMU: Liverpool John Moores University)H-Index: 67
In humans, exercise training and moderate to high levels of physical activity are protective against cardiovascular disease. In fact they are ∼40% more protective than predicted based on the changes in traditional risk factors (blood lipids, hypertension, diabetes etc.) that they cause. In this review, we highlight the positive effects of exercise on endothelial function and the autonomic nervous system. We also ask if these effects alone, or in combination, might explain the protective effects ...
258 CitationsSource
#1W M van TeeffelenH-Index: 1
#2M F de Beus (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 1
Last. Diederick E. Grobbee (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 138
view all 8 authors...
Background: In spite of the benefits of physical activity, exercise may provoke acute cardiac events in susceptible individuals. Understanding risk factors of exercise-related acute cardiac events may identify opportunities for prevention. Methods: A case–control study was conducted to examine determinants of acute cardiac events in athletes. The cases were athletes who suffered an acute cardiac event during or shortly after vigorous exercise. Athletes who visited a hospital because of a minor s...
14 CitationsSource
Cited By0
Newest