Field assessment of basin irrigation performance and water saving in Hetao, Yellow River basin: Issues to support irrigation systems modernisation

Published on Aug 1, 2015in Biosystems Engineering 2.13
· DOI :10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2015.05.010
Qingfeng Miao3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Inner Mongolia Agricultural University),
Haibin Shi3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Inner Mongolia Agricultural University)
+ 1 AuthorsLuis S. Pereira50
Estimated H-index: 50
(University of Lisbon)
Abstract
Water-saving irrigation needs to be implemented in Hetao irrigation district to help satisfying the demand by other users in the Yellow River basin. Aiming at assessing the potential irrigation performance and water saving at farm level, a set of traditional basins and another of precision-levelled basins cropped with maize, wheat and sunflower and managed by farmers were evaluated. Data were collected to characterise the basin sizes, microtopography, inflow rates, advance and recession times, cut-off time and soil water content. In addition, families of infiltration curves were derived from field observations and subsequent use of model SIRMOD. Infiltration was higher for the precision-levelled basins and decreased from the first to the next irrigation events. Infiltration data were used to support the computation of distribution uniformity (DU), beneficial water use fraction (BWUF) and deep percolation (DP). For traditional basins, DU and BWUF were low and DP was high. When precise land levelling was practised, DU increased greatly to near 94% but BWUF improved little, because irrigation scheduling was inadequate leading to excessive water application; however, non-negligible water saving was achieved for maize and wheat since they have higher irrigation demand. In contrast, simulating the application of an appropriate irrigation scheduling through adjusting the cut-off time led to an approximately unchanged DU but BWUF greatly increased and DP reduced to 10% on average. This condition represents a potential water saving of 34–39%; however its achievement requires improved design of farm systems, appropriate irrigation water deliveries and scheduling, and the support and training of farmers.
  • References (51)
  • Citations (10)
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References51
Published on Jul 1, 2002in Biosystems Engineering 2.13
Ali Reza Sepaskhah28
Estimated H-index: 28
(Shiraz University),
H. Bondar1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Shiraz University)
Abstract The manning roughness coefficient n is one of the parameters in designing furrow irrigation. Its appropriate selection is important for efficient water application in field. In this research, the Manning roughness coefficient in ordinary and every other furrow irrigations with different inflow rates (0·4, 0·8, 1·1 l s −1 ) and furrow slopes (0·2 and 0·4%) at various growth stages of wheat with different crop vegetation covers were determined on a clay loam soil. The calculation was base...
15 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2002in Water Resources Management 2.64
Z. X. Xu4
Estimated H-index: 4
,
Kuniyoshi Takeuchi21
Estimated H-index: 21
+ 1 AuthorsX. W. Zhang1
Estimated H-index: 1
The water resource issue is one of the most significant problemsthat the Yellow River basin will face this century, and one which has received much attention by public and government for several years. Water authorities will face great challenges in meeting the in-stream flow requirements and providing more water for growing populations, industry and agriculture. In order toevaluate the sustainability of the water resource system inthe study area, an object-oriented system dynamics approachhas b...
149 Citations Source Cite
Published on Apr 1, 2012in Irrigation and Drainage 0.71
Nie Weibo1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Fei Liangjun2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Ma Xiaoyi3
Estimated H-index: 3
Based on the volume balance (VB) equation, the surface water profile was shown to be a power function and Philip equation equal to the Kostiakov–Lewis equation when the infiltration parameter a = 0.5. With this assumption, an equation was proposed for estimating infiltration parameters together with Manning roughness. The method requires only multi-point water advance data of border irrigation. Solving the equation requires use of the nonlinear least-squares fitting technique by Matlab software....
6 Citations Source Cite
Published on Sep 1, 2011in Irrigation Science 1.65
Meijian Bai5
Estimated H-index: 5
,
Di Xu6
Estimated H-index: 6
+ 1 AuthorsLuis S. Pereira50
Estimated H-index: 50
(Technical University of Lisbon)
Land microtopography unevenness is a key variable affecting basin irrigation performances. Using stochastic modeling, a number of sets of spatially variable surface elevations were generated, and a two-dimensional basin irrigation model was used to simulate irrigation for the generated sets. Strip, narrow and wide basins, as well as graded and zero-levelled basins were analyzed. Results show that spatial variability of basin microtopography influences the infiltrated depth when the advance is co...
8 Citations Source Cite
Theodor Strelkoff20
Estimated H-index: 20
(United States Department of Agriculture),
Albert J. Clemmens21
Estimated H-index: 21
,
Eduardo Bautista7
Estimated H-index: 7
Some two dozen methods for estimating infiltration and roughness parameters from field measurements of test irrigations are reviewed in this paper. They differ in their assumptions, ease of analysis, quantity of field data required, and accuracy. They are divided into two broad categories, depending upon the basic approach to determine infiltration. One features direct application of mass conservation, expressed in terms of the infiltration parameters and then inverted in some way in order to ex...
20 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 12, 2006in Irrigation Science 1.65
Malcolm Gillies7
Estimated H-index: 7
(University of Southern Queensland),
Rod Smith18
Estimated H-index: 18
(University of Southern Queensland),
Steven R. Raine16
Estimated H-index: 16
(University of Southern Queensland)
A simple modification of the volume balance equation of the IPARM model is presented to facilitate the use of variable inflow. Traditional approaches for estimating infiltration from advance and/or runoff have merely considered the constant or step inflow case. Whenever this assumption is violated, significant uncertainty is introduced into the estimated infiltration parameters. Evaluation of the procedure with a number of data sets has demonstrated significant improvements in the estimates of i...
25 Citations Source Cite
Published on Sep 1, 2006in Agricultural Water Management 3.18
Wynn R. Walker16
Estimated H-index: 16
(Utah State University),
Clare Prestwich1
Estimated H-index: 1
(United States Department of Agriculture),
Thomas Spofford1
Estimated H-index: 1
(United States Department of Agriculture)
Abstract In the absence of localized field data the US Department of Agriculture–Natural Resources and Conservation Service (USDA–NRCS) intake families have often provided sufficient information for preliminary design, evaluation, or management of surface irrigation systems. However, to more fully utilize advances in procedures for field data collection and analysis as well as the software to automate the hydraulic computations, it has become necessary to revise these intake families. This paper...
22 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jul 1, 2013in Agricultural Water Management 3.18
Xu Xu12
Estimated H-index: 12
(China Agricultural University),
Guanhua Huang25
Estimated H-index: 25
(China Agricultural University)
+ 4 AuthorsYuanyuan Hao2
Estimated H-index: 2
(China Agricultural University)
The irrigation districts of the upper Yellow River basin face a progressive reduction of water allocation and the need to apply water-saving practices due to increasing water scarcity. The adoption of such practices will lead to lower water tables, hopefully in conjunction with controlled soil salinity levels and improved crop yields. However, excessive water saving associated with excessive increase of the water table depth may decrease capillary rise and affect crop production. In view of unde...
52 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 2002in Agricultural Water Management 3.18
Luis S. Pereira50
Estimated H-index: 50
(Technical University of Lisbon),
Theib Oweis28
Estimated H-index: 28
(International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas),
A. Zairi2
Estimated H-index: 2
The use of water for agricultural production in water scarcity regions requires innovative and sustainable research, and an appropriate transfer of technologies. This paper discusses some of these aspects, mainly relative to on-farm irrigation management including the use of treated wastewater and saline waters. First, the paper proposes some concepts relative to water scarcity, concerning aridity, drought, desertification and water shortage, as well as policies to cope with these water stressed...
474 Citations Source Cite
Cited By10
Published on Feb 1, 2016in Agricultural Water Management 3.18
Qingfeng Miao3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Inner Mongolia Agricultural University),
Ricardo D. Rosa6
Estimated H-index: 6
(University of Lisbon)
+ 5 AuthorsLuis S. Pereira50
Estimated H-index: 50
(University of Lisbon)
Intercropping is commonly used in the Hetao irrigation district, upper Yellow River basin, where the main crops are wheat, maize and sunflower. For a better use of land, water, radiation energy, and nutrients, spring wheat is traditionally intercropped with maize (W–M) and, more recently, with sunflower (W–S). Considering the need to reduce diversions of water for irrigation in Hetao, this study aims to assess crop water use of W–M and W–S intercropping systems in comparison to the same crops in...
17 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2016in Journal of Hydrology 3.73
Dongyang Ren4
Estimated H-index: 4
(China Agricultural University),
Xu Xu12
Estimated H-index: 12
(China Agricultural University)
+ 1 AuthorsGuanhua Huang25
Estimated H-index: 25
(China Agricultural University)
Summary Water saving in irrigation is a key issue in the upper Yellow River basin. Excessive irrigation leads to water waste, water table rising and increased salinity. Land fragmentation associated with a large dispersion of crops adds to the agro-hydrological complexity of the irrigation system. The model HYDRUS-1D, coupled with the FAO-56 dual crop coefficient approach (dualKc), was applied to simulate the water and salt movement processes. Field experiments were conducted for maize, sunflowe...
31 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2017in Agricultural Water Management 3.18
Haijun Liu12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Beijing Normal University),
Xuming Wang4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Beijing Normal University)
+ 3 AuthorsGuanhua Huang25
Estimated H-index: 25
(China Agricultural University)
Hetao Irrigation District (HID) is characterized by less rainfall and high evaporative, but it is a main grain production region in China. Increasing water use efficiency is an appropriate way to fulfill the sustainable agriculture development because the allocated water for HID will be reduced in the future. In this study six irrigation treatments with irrigation amounts being the 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, and 120% of crop water requirement (ETc) were carried out for maize crop (Zea mays L.) in the ...
12 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 13, 2018in Water 2.07
Qingfeng Miao3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
Haibin Shi3
Estimated H-index: 3
+ 1 AuthorsLuís Ferreira Pereira5
Estimated H-index: 5
The sustainability of the Hetao Irrigation System, located in the water scarce upper Yellow River basin, is a priority considering the need for water saving, increased water productivity, and higher farmers’ incomes. The upgrading of basin irrigation, the main irrigation method, is essential and includes the adoption of precise land levelling, cut-off management, improved water distribution uniformity, and adequate irrigation scheduling. With this objective, the current study focuses on upgradin...
3 Citations Source Cite
Published on Feb 1, 2018in Agricultural Water Management 3.18
Qin’ge Dong1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Chinese Academy of Sciences),
Yuchen Yang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Northwest A&F University)
+ 5 AuthorsHao Feng4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Abstract The inadequate soil and water management has resulted in ecological and environmental problems in Hetao Irrigation District, which is characterized by low precipitation, high evaporation and soil salinity issues. A two-year field experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of the combined application of irrigation methods, irrigation amounts and plastic mulching modes on soil moisture, soil salinity, and water use efficiency of spring maize. This experiment included four treatme...
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Published on May 15, 2018in Water 2.07
Dongyang Ren4
Estimated H-index: 4
,
Xu Xu12
Estimated H-index: 12
+ 3 AuthorsGuanhua Huang25
Estimated H-index: 25
Clarifying the role of shallow groundwater systems in eco-hydrological processes is of great significance to agricultural production and ecological sustainability. In this paper, a lumped water balance model was proposed for the GSPAC (groundwater-soil-plant-atmosphere-continuum) system for different land use types under arid, shallow water table conditions. Model application was conducted in an irrigation district (Jiyuan) located in the upper Yellow River basin. A 13-year (2001–2013) water bal...
4 Citations Source Cite
Published on Apr 1, 2019in Agricultural Water Management 3.18
Jiatun Xu (Northwest A&F University), Huanjie Cai2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Northwest A&F University)
+ 4 AuthorsYajun Lu (Northwest A&F University)
Abstract Soil infiltration and Manning’s roughness values are key parameters to determine the performance of surface irrigation. However, temporal variability in these parameters due to tillage practices, irrigation, and crop growth greatly hinders efforts to improve irrigation quality. The objective of this experiment was to evaluate effects of infiltration and surface roughness variation on irrigation water movement and irrigation performance indicators for border irrigation with three border ...
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