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Field assessment of basin irrigation performance and water saving in Hetao, Yellow River basin: Issues to support irrigation systems modernisation

Published on Aug 1, 2015in Biosystems Engineering 2.98
· DOI :10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2015.05.010
Qingfeng Miao3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Inner Mongolia Agricultural University),
Haibin Shi3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Inner Mongolia Agricultural University)
+ 1 AuthorsLuis S. Pereira51
Estimated H-index: 51
(University of Lisbon)
Cite
Abstract
Water-saving irrigation needs to be implemented in Hetao irrigation district to help satisfying the demand by other users in the Yellow River basin. Aiming at assessing the potential irrigation performance and water saving at farm level, a set of traditional basins and another of precision-levelled basins cropped with maize, wheat and sunflower and managed by farmers were evaluated. Data were collected to characterise the basin sizes, microtopography, inflow rates, advance and recession times, cut-off time and soil water content. In addition, families of infiltration curves were derived from field observations and subsequent use of model SIRMOD. Infiltration was higher for the precision-levelled basins and decreased from the first to the next irrigation events. Infiltration data were used to support the computation of distribution uniformity (DU), beneficial water use fraction (BWUF) and deep percolation (DP). For traditional basins, DU and BWUF were low and DP was high. When precise land levelling was practised, DU increased greatly to near 94% but BWUF improved little, because irrigation scheduling was inadequate leading to excessive water application; however, non-negligible water saving was achieved for maize and wheat since they have higher irrigation demand. In contrast, simulating the application of an appropriate irrigation scheduling through adjusting the cut-off time led to an approximately unchanged DU but BWUF greatly increased and DP reduced to 10% on average. This condition represents a potential water saving of 34–39%; however its achievement requires improved design of farm systems, appropriate irrigation water deliveries and scheduling, and the support and training of farmers.
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  • References (51)
  • Citations (10)
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References51
Newest
Published on Jul 1, 2013in Agricultural Water Management 3.54
Xu Xu12
Estimated H-index: 12
(CAU: China Agricultural University),
Guanhua Huang25
Estimated H-index: 25
(CAU: China Agricultural University)
+ 4 AuthorsYuanyuan Hao2
Estimated H-index: 2
(CAU: China Agricultural University)
The irrigation districts of the upper Yellow River basin face a progressive reduction of water allocation and the need to apply water-saving practices due to increasing water scarcity. The adoption of such practices will lead to lower water tables, hopefully in conjunction with controlled soil salinity levels and improved crop yields. However, excessive water saving associated with excessive increase of the water table depth may decrease capillary rise and affect crop production. In view of unde...
57 Citations Source Cite
J Mohanreddy9
Estimated H-index: 9
AbstractA well-designed level basin irrigation system is easy to manage and has significant potential for achieving high application efficiency and improved salinity control, particularly when the field is laser-leveled. Over the years, three different criteria have arisen to design level basin irrigation systems. These are the volume-balance design criterion proposed by the Soil Conservation Service of the USDA, the limiting length design criterion, and the completion-of-advance design criterio...
4 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 2012in Agricultural Water Management 3.54
Hanna Darouich1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Technical University of Lisbon),
J. M. Gonçalves15
Estimated H-index: 15
(Technical University of Lisbon)
+ 1 AuthorsLuis S. Pereira51
Estimated H-index: 51
(Technical University of Lisbon)
Improving surface irrigation systems for cotton in Ras-El-Ain district, Northeast Syria, needs finding alternative solutions that provide for both water saving and farm economic benefits in a context of small and family farms. Multicriteria analysis was used to evaluate and rank a set of furrow and border irrigation alternatives, with and without precise land leveling, that were created with the decision support system SADREG. This approach allowed to consider various criteria, mainly water savi...
16 Citations Source Cite
Published on Apr 1, 2012in Irrigation and Drainage 1.03
Nie Weibo1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Fei Liangjun2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Ma Xiaoyi3
Estimated H-index: 3
Based on the volume balance (VB) equation, the surface water profile was shown to be a power function and Philip equation equal to the Kostiakov–Lewis equation when the infiltration parameter a = 0.5. With this assumption, an equation was proposed for estimating infiltration parameters together with Manning roughness. The method requires only multi-point water advance data of border irrigation. Solving the equation requires use of the nonlinear least-squares fitting technique by Matlab software....
6 Citations Source Cite
Published on Sep 1, 2011in Irrigation Science 2.44
M. J. Bai1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
D. Xu1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 1 AuthorsLuis S. Pereira51
Estimated H-index: 51
(Technical University of Lisbon)
Land microtopography unevenness is a key variable affecting basin irrigation performances. Using stochastic modeling, a number of sets of spatially variable surface elevations were generated, and a two-dimensional basin irrigation model was used to simulate irrigation for the generated sets. Strip, narrow and wide basins, as well as graded and zero-levelled basins were analyzed. Results show that spatial variability of basin microtopography influences the infiltrated depth when the advance is co...
8 Citations Source Cite
Published on Aug 1, 2011in Biosystems Engineering 2.98
J. M. Gonçalves15
Estimated H-index: 15
(Technical University of Lisbon),
A. Muga2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Technical University of Lisbon)
+ 1 AuthorsLuis S. Pereira51
Estimated H-index: 51
(Technical University of Lisbon)
This study describes an application of the SADREG decision support system to cotton furrow irrigation in Central Fergana Valley, Uzbekistan. This application aims at modernizing furrow irrigation and is based upon field trials on crop water requirements and surge irrigation. A large number of design alternatives were generated for a typical field, which were compared in terms of water use, irrigation water productivity, irrigation costs and yield value. This comparison has shown that alternative...
16 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jun 1, 2011in Water Resources Management 2.99
Xu Xu12
Estimated H-index: 12
(CAU: China Agricultural University),
Guanhua Huang25
Estimated H-index: 25
(CAU: China Agricultural University)
+ 1 AuthorsLuis S. Pereira51
Estimated H-index: 51
(Technical University of Lisbon)
The irrigation districts of the upper Yellow River basin are highly productive agricultural areas of North China. Due to the severe water scarcity, application of water-saving practices at both farm and district levels are required for sustainable agricultural development. An integrated methodology was developed adopting loose coupling of the groundwater flow model MODFLOW with ArcInfo Geographic Information System to assess the impacts of irrigation water-saving practices and groundwater abstra...
60 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2011in Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas
Hao Wan-long1
Estimated H-index: 1
As field surface slope is an important factor which influences irrigation efficiency in border irrigation,it is necessary to study its influence on irrigation capability in combination with irrigation quota,land leveling precision,land roughness and flux per width.Irrigation simulation in different irrigation factors by general technical level off border indicates: different irrigation quota,land leveling precision,land roughness and flux per width are corresponding to different optimum field su...
1 Citations
Published on Jan 1, 2010in Irrigation Science 2.44
Mejian Bai1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Di Xu4
Estimated H-index: 4
+ 1 AuthorsLuis S. Pereira51
Estimated H-index: 51
(Technical University of Lisbon)
Microtopography is among the most important factors affecting the performance of basin irrigation system due to its influence on the advance and recession processes. This study is based on field-measured surface elevation of 116 basins in North China. The spatial variability of basins microtopography was analyzed using geostatistics; the spatial structure of basins microtopography can be characterized by a spherical semivariogram model. The correlations between selected basin geometry parameters...
12 Citations Source Cite
Cited By10
Newest
Published on Apr 1, 2019in Agricultural Water Management 3.54
Jiatun Xu (NWAFU: Northwest A&F University), Huanjie Cai2
Estimated H-index: 2
(NWAFU: Northwest A&F University)
+ 4 AuthorsYajun Lu (NWAFU: Northwest A&F University)
Abstract Soil infiltration and Manning’s roughness values are key parameters to determine the performance of surface irrigation. However, temporal variability in these parameters due to tillage practices, irrigation, and crop growth greatly hinders efforts to improve irrigation quality. The objective of this experiment was to evaluate effects of infiltration and surface roughness variation on irrigation water movement and irrigation performance indicators for border irrigation with three border ...
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Published on May 15, 2018in Water 2.52
Dongyang Ren4
Estimated H-index: 4
,
Xu Xu12
Estimated H-index: 12
+ 3 AuthorsGuanhua Huang25
Estimated H-index: 25
Clarifying the role of shallow groundwater systems in eco-hydrological processes is of great significance to agricultural production and ecological sustainability. In this paper, a lumped water balance model was proposed for the GSPAC (groundwater-soil-plant-atmosphere-continuum) system for different land use types under arid, shallow water table conditions. Model application was conducted in an irrigation district (Jiyuan) located in the upper Yellow River basin. A 13-year (2001–2013) water bal...
5 Citations Source Cite
Published on Feb 1, 2018in Agricultural Water Management 3.54
Qin’ge Dong1
Estimated H-index: 1
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences),
Yuchen Yang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(NWAFU: Northwest A&F University)
+ 5 AuthorsHao Feng4
Estimated H-index: 4
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Abstract The inadequate soil and water management has resulted in ecological and environmental problems in Hetao Irrigation District, which is characterized by low precipitation, high evaporation and soil salinity issues. A two-year field experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of the combined application of irrigation methods, irrigation amounts and plastic mulching modes on soil moisture, soil salinity, and water use efficiency of spring maize. This experiment included four treatme...
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Published on Jan 13, 2018in Water 2.52
Qingfeng Miao3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
Haibin Shi3
Estimated H-index: 3
+ 1 AuthorsLuís Ferreira Pereira5
Estimated H-index: 5
The sustainability of the Hetao Irrigation System, located in the water scarce upper Yellow River basin, is a priority considering the need for water saving, increased water productivity, and higher farmers’ incomes. The upgrading of basin irrigation, the main irrigation method, is essential and includes the adoption of precise land levelling, cut-off management, improved water distribution uniformity, and adequate irrigation scheduling. With this objective, the current study focuses on upgradin...
4 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2018
Qingfeng Miao3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Inner Mongolia Agricultural University),
Haibin Shi3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Inner Mongolia Agricultural University)
+ 1 AuthorsLuis S. Pereira51
Estimated H-index: 51
(University of Lisbon)
Water resources management in the Yellow River basin, China, is facing a paradigmatic change in consequence of an unbalanced supply and demand due to an increased demand for water from non-agricultural sectors and a reduced supply due to climate change that reduced precipitation and increased climatic demand. The problem is aggravated by low equity of spatial water allocation in the basin. A supply reduction in the upstream basin area aims to control the water scarcity conditions occurring in th...
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Published on Jan 1, 2017in Agricultural Water Management 3.54
Haijun Liu12
Estimated H-index: 12
(BNU: Beijing Normal University),
Xuming Wang4
Estimated H-index: 4
(BNU: Beijing Normal University)
+ 3 AuthorsGuanhua Huang25
Estimated H-index: 25
(CAU: China Agricultural University)
Hetao Irrigation District (HID) is characterized by less rainfall and high evaporative, but it is a main grain production region in China. Increasing water use efficiency is an appropriate way to fulfill the sustainable agriculture development because the allocated water for HID will be reduced in the future. In this study six irrigation treatments with irrigation amounts being the 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, and 120% of crop water requirement (ETc) were carried out for maize crop (Zea mays L.) in the ...
12 Citations Source Cite
Published on Feb 1, 2016in Agricultural Water Management 3.54
Qingfeng Miao3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Inner Mongolia Agricultural University),
Ricardo D. Rosa7
Estimated H-index: 7
(University of Lisbon)
+ 5 AuthorsLuis S. Pereira51
Estimated H-index: 51
(University of Lisbon)
Intercropping is commonly used in the Hetao irrigation district, upper Yellow River basin, where the main crops are wheat, maize and sunflower. For a better use of land, water, radiation energy, and nutrients, spring wheat is traditionally intercropped with maize (W–M) and, more recently, with sunflower (W–S). Considering the need to reduce diversions of water for irrigation in Hetao, this study aims to assess crop water use of W–M and W–S intercropping systems in comparison to the same crops in...
18 Citations Source Cite