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Is There a Shortage of Scientists and Engineers? How Would We Know?

Published on Jan 1, 2003
William Butz12
Estimated H-index: 12
(AN: RAND Corporation),
Gabrielle Bloom2
Estimated H-index: 2
+ 3 AuthorsHelga Rippen2
Estimated H-index: 2
Abstract
RAND issue papers explore topics of interest to the policymaking community. Although issue papers are formally reviewed, authors have substantial latitude to express provocative views without doing full justice to other perspectives. The views and conclusions expressed in issue papers are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of RAND or its research sponsors. © Copyright RAND 2003. Issue Paper
  • References (3)
  • Citations (31)
References3
Newest
Published on Sep 1, 2002in Health Affairs 5.71
Edward Salsberg11
Estimated H-index: 11
,
Gaetano Forte5
Estimated H-index: 5
Over the past twenty-five years the nation has struggled with a series of physician workforce issues: determining the appropriate number of physicians needed and the appropriate number to produce; the role of international medical school graduates; the mix of primary care and non–primary care physicians; efforts to increase the number of underrepresented minorities in medicine and the supply of physicians in rural areas; and the impact of the growing number of female physicians. This paper docum...
63 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2000in National Bureau of Economic Research
Paul Roiner36
Estimated H-index: 36
(NBER: National Bureau of Economic Research)
This paper suggests that innovation policy in the United States has erred by subsidizing the private sector demand for scientists and engineers without asking whether the educational system provides that supply response necessary for these subsidies to work. It suggests that the existing institutional arrangements in higher education limit this supply response. To illustrate the path not taken, the paper considers specific programs that could increase the numbers of scientists and engineers avai...
131 Citations Source Cite
Published on Apr 1, 1988in Industrial and Labor Relations Review
Mark C. Berger13
Estimated H-index: 13
Using Data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Young Men, the author of this paper examines the relationship between predicted future earnings for five broad fields of study and college students' choice of major. Conditional logit models of major choice that incorporate alternative predicted earnings variables are specified and estimated. The results indicate that, holding family background characteristics constant, individuals are likely to choose majors offering greater streams of future ...
248 Citations Source Cite
Cited By31
Newest
Published on Sep 3, 2016
GDP development over time is one method of measuring the economic evolution of a country. According to the OECD, there are several factors that can influence GDP, one of which is Engineering Education. A possible way to determine the potential for economic development would be assessing the performance of high-level education, especially if the GDP-Engineering correlation is taken into account. Studies were overtaken to study the lack of engineering in Brazil as a structural problem. However, th...
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Published on Sep 1, 2015in The Journal of Higher Education 2.51
Jennifer M. Miller4
Estimated H-index: 4
(SC: University of Southern California),
Maryann P. Feldman47
Estimated H-index: 47
Dissatisfaction with postdoctoral appointments is associated with demographics, career goals, types of research, postdoc-advisor interaction, and program quality. Rather than a simple inverse relationship to dissatisfaction, the effect of program quality depends on the postdoc’s autonomy to shape a research project, interaction with an advisor, and the advisor’s commercialization-related activities.
9 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 23, 2015
Diane E. Bailey16
Estimated H-index: 16
,
Paul M. Leonardi30
Estimated H-index: 30
1 Citations
Published on Mar 1, 2014in Novos Estudos - Cebrap
Leonardo Melo Lins1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Mario Sergio Salerno8
Estimated H-index: 8
+ 3 AuthorsDemetrio Toledo1
Estimated H-index: 1
In this article, we systematize a contemporary discussion concerning a possible shortage of engineers in Brazilian society. Based on the literature, we list the assumptions that could characterize scarcity and we have looked for data that allow us to test these hypotheses. The data do not support the idea of a general shortage of engineers.
3 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jun 1, 2013in International Journal of Science Education 1.25
Gillian Hampden-Thompson12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Ebor: University of York),
Judith Bennett14
Estimated H-index: 14
(Ebor: University of York)
The purpose of this analysis is to describe the variation in students' reports of engagement in science across science teaching and learning activities. In addition, this study examines student and school characteristics that may be associated with students' levels of engagement in science. Data are drawn from the Programme for International Student Assessment 2006 study. The analysis employs a quantitative approach that includes descriptive and inferential statistics to examine three measures o...
38 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 1, 2013in Journal of International Management 2.83
Arie Y. Lewin38
Estimated H-index: 38
(Duke University),
Xing Zhong1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Duke University)
Abstract This perspective paper highlights the changing dynamics underlying the supply and demand for STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) talent. As a global ecosystem of innovation emerges, the emerging diaspora of STEM talent networks is potentially a game changing phenomenon affecting where, by whom and how innovation activities are executed. We discuss several emerging trends, such as global sourcing, open sourcing, new on-line STEM talent markets and the shift of organi...
37 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 31, 2013
Burt S. Barnow14
Estimated H-index: 14
,
John Trutko4
Estimated H-index: 4
,
Jaclyn Schede Piatak1
Estimated H-index: 1
Barnow, Trutko, and Piatak focus on whether persistent occupation-specific labor shortages might lead to inefficiencies in the U.S. economy. They describe why shortages arise, the difficulty in ascertaining that a shortage is present, and how to assess strategies to alleviate the shortage.
8 Citations
Published on Jan 1, 2013
Tafaya S Ransom2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)
Science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields are widely credited as the primary drivers of economic growth through innovation, with engineering universally identified as especially critical. Yet as other nations have strengthened their engineering talent pools, the United States has struggled to cultivate an engineering workforce that reflects its diversity and takes full advantage of its human capital. Reflecting this dilemma, African Americans have consistently posted the wea...