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METABOLIC SYNDROME AND OBESITY: EPIDEMIOLOGY AND PREVENTION BY PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND EXERCISE

Published on Jan 1, 2008
Carlos K. B. Ferrari1
Estimated H-index: 1
Abstract
Obesity and physical inactivity comprise an important worldwide epidemic that has been linked to the meta-bolic syndrome. This syndrome is characterized by increased risk of hypertension, diabetes, inflammation,renal, and many other metabolic disorders. Presenting the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in selectedworld populations, this paper strongly discusses the pivotal role of physical activity and exercise in prevent-ing central obesity, metabolic syndrome and their complications such as dyslipidemia, hypertension andinsulin resistance. Exercise recommendations to decrease the risk of metabolic syndrome and its compo-nents as well as public health policies to promote public engagement on exercise are described. Regularpractice of aerobic physical activities, such as walking, as well as weight-bearing exercise training are impor-tant to improve cardiovascular fitness, change body composition, and prevent or manage metabolic syn-drome, obesity, diabetes, and other complications. [
  • References (98)
  • Citations (15)
References98
Newest
Published on Dec 13, 2016in Scandinavian Journal of Nutrition
Amalia Waxman1
Estimated H-index: 1
AbstractWorld health is in transition. Epidemiologically, many low-and middle-income countries are now experiencing a double burden of disease, whereby in addition to infectious diseases, they are facing a growing toll of death and disability from non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The world population is aging, while increased development has been accompanied by rising disposable incomes, urbanization, mechanization and the globalization of food markets, leading to lifestyle and behaviour change...
16 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 1, 2008in Obesity 4.04
Kuo-Chin Huang40
Estimated H-index: 40
(National Taiwan University),
Long-Teng Lee11
Estimated H-index: 11
(National Taiwan University)
+ 1 AuthorsPei-Kun Sung2
Estimated H-index: 2
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between mortality and metabolic syndrome using the America Heart Association/National Heart Lung Blood Institute (AHA/NHLBI) and International Diabetes Federation (IDF) definitions in a Taiwanese cohort. Methods and Procedures: A total of 124,513 participants, aged 20–94 years, from four nationwide health centers in Taiwan were recruited from 1998 to 1999. Cox proportional hazard regression analyses were used to estimate the relative ri...
32 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 1, 2008in Obesity Reviews 8.48
G. T. C. Ko1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
C N Chan Juliana75
Estimated H-index: 75
(The Chinese University of Hong Kong)
Summary There is now a pandemic of chronic diseases in Asian countries, driven mainly by obesity, diabetes and cardio-renal complications. In Hong Kong, the reported prevalence of obesity, defined as body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 kg m−2, varied from one-quarter to one-third of the population. In a population-based survey conducted in 1995, 16.7% of Hong Kong adults had the metabolic syndrome (MES) (National Cholesterol Education Programme criterion). Obesity is now a global concern not only in adul...
51 Citations Source Cite
Published on Feb 1, 2008in Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 2.55
Nobuyuki Miyatake20
Estimated H-index: 20
,
Sumiko Matsumoto7
Estimated H-index: 7
+ 1 AuthorsTakeyuki Numata11
Estimated H-index: 11
Abstract Objective We investigated the link between a reduction in waist circumference and metabolic syndrome. Methods 105 obese Japanese men were enrolled in this study with a 1-year follow-up. Anthropometric and body composition parameters, i.e. height, body weight, body fat percentage, waist circumference and hip circumference, blood pressure, triglyceride, HDL cholesterol and blood sugar, were evaluated. Metabolic syndrome was diagnosed using criteria developed in Japan. Results After a 1-ye...
21 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 2007in Maturitas 3.31
Carlos K.B. Ferrari1
Estimated H-index: 1
Abstract Foods contain many bioactive compounds that can improve humans’ health, helping to decrease the risk of cataract, macular degeneration, cardiovascular and neurological diseases, osteoporosis, and cancer. Regular practice of exercise and physical activity could also help to drive away aging-associated diseases (obesity, osteoporosis, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, dementia, and stroke). Exercise recommendations to promote both women's and men's h...
57 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 2007in Hypertension 6.82
Tuomo Rankinen65
Estimated H-index: 65
(Pennington Biomedical Research Center),
Timothy S. Church72
Estimated H-index: 72
(Pennington Biomedical Research Center)
+ 6 AuthorsClaude Bouchard133
Estimated H-index: 133
(Pennington Biomedical Research Center)
Contributions of the DNA sequence variation at the endothelin 1 locus to the risk of hypertension and to endurance training-induced changes in blood pressure were investigated in the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study and the Health, Risk Factors, Exercise Training and Genetics Family Study cohorts. We identified 586 normotensive control subjects and 607 incident hypertensive case subjects from the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study cohort (all whites) who were normotensive and healthy at their ...
46 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 2007in BMC Public Health 2.42
Cheng Chieh Lin42
Estimated H-index: 42
(China Medical University (PRC)),
Chiu Shong Liu28
Estimated H-index: 28
(China Medical University (PRC))
+ 7 AuthorsTsai Chung Li13
Estimated H-index: 13
(China Medical University (PRC))
Background Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a combination of medical disorders that increase one's risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Little information exists on the prevalence of MS in a general adult population in Taiwan.
39 Citations Source Cite
Published on Sep 1, 2007in Diabetes Care 13.40
Yiling J. Cheng38
Estimated H-index: 38
,
Edward W. Gregg79
Estimated H-index: 79
+ 4 AuthorsHenry S. Kahn41
Estimated H-index: 41
OBJECTIVE —Muscle-strengthening activities (MSAs) may increase insulin sensitivity, thereby reducing the risk of diabetes. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between MSAs and insulin sensitivity among American adults. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS —We analyzed data on 4,504 adults without diabetes, aged 20–79 years, who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999–2004 and had information on MSAs. Self-reported frequency (times/week) of MSAs was g...
51 Citations Source Cite
Published on Aug 1, 2007in Hypertension 6.82
Gary P. Van Guilder18
Estimated H-index: 18
,
Christian M. Westby10
Estimated H-index: 10
+ 2 AuthorsChristopher A. DeSouza38
Estimated H-index: 38
Increased endothelin-1-mediated vasoconstrictor tone has been linked to the etiology of a number of pathologies associated with human aging, including hypertension, congestive heart failure, and coronary artery disease. However, it is currently unclear whether aging, per se, is associated with enhanced endothelin-1 system activity. We hypothesized that endothelin-1 vasoconstrictor activity is greater in healthy older compared with young men and that regular aerobic exercise is an effective inter...
110 Citations Source Cite
Published on Aug 1, 2007in Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 4.29
William L. Haskell104
Estimated H-index: 104
(Stanford University),
I-Min Lee95
Estimated H-index: 95
(Harvard University)
+ 7 AuthorsAdrian Bauman101
Estimated H-index: 101
(University of Sydney)
Summary—In 1995 the American College of Sports Medicine and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention published national guidelines on Physical Activity and Public Health. The Committee on Exercise and Cardiac Rehabilitation of the American Heart Association endorsed and supported these recommendations. The purpose of the present report is to update and clarify the 1995 recommendations on the types and amounts of physical activity needed by healthy adults to improve and maintain health. Dev...
7,343 Citations Source Cite
Cited By15
Newest
Published on Dec 31, 2017
MiSuk Park3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
YunSuk Park1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 5 AuthorsDo-Sun Lim26
Estimated H-index: 26
Source Cite
Published on Apr 1, 2016in Nutrition & Dietetics 1.08
Marcela Maria Pandolfi2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of South Africa),
Jane de Eston Armond2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of South Africa)
+ 2 AuthorsPatrícia Colombo-Souza2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of South Africa)
Aims Childhood obesity is emerging as a relevant public health concern because a significant proportion of obese children will become obese in adulthood. The prevalence of childhood and adolescent obesity has increased in developed and developing nations. This study aimed to verify the prevalence of overweight and obesity in schoolchildren from primary schools in an urban–rural peripheral region of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Methods This was a cross-sectional study with 2039 6- to 10-year-old children. ...
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Oct 7, 2013
Raquel Nichele de Chaves XXXVII ABSTRACT The main purpose of this thesis was to study the complex relationship among physical growth, motor development and health of a population from the Vouzela, central region of Portugal. The sample comprised 3158 children and adolescents (6 to 17 yearsold), and 260 nuclear families. Standardized procedures were used to assess different aspects of growth, body composition, motor performance, gross motor coordination, physical activity, metabolic risk, socioec...
Carlos Kusano Bucalen Ferrari10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso)
A promocao da saude e da qualidade de vida (QV), bem como da prevencao de agravos a saude e fundamental para os adolescentes. O presente estudo teve como objetivo mostrar e descrever a experiencia de um projeto de educacao de adolescentes para a promocao da saude e prevencao de doencas. Este projeto buscou investigar os habitos alimentares, a pratica de atividades fisicas, o risco de sobrepeso e obesidade, o estilo de vida (sono, tabagismo, etilismo), os conhecimentos sobre osteoporose e a QV. O...
Source Cite
Somaye Yosaee2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Sara Ansari1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 3 AuthorsKurosh Djafarian12
Estimated H-index: 12
Background and purpose: Childhood obesity is an important health issue in Iran, however, there is not enough information about the effects of entertainment media on this issue. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between the times spent watching TV and playing games with body composition in children aged 6-9 years old in Tehran. Materials and methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among111children selected through multistage sampling from primary schools in Tehran. Info...
Published on Jan 1, 2013in Industrial Health 1.11
Dae Ryong Kang18
Estimated H-index: 18
(Yonsei University),
Yeongmi Ha1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Gyeongsang National University),
Won Ju Hwang9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Kyung Hee University)
The purposes of this study were to estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and to investigate the risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome in Korean workers. This is a secondary data analysis study using the data set from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey IV. A total of 1,545 workers over 20 yr of age were included in this analysis. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was determined using the modified National Cholesterol Ed- ucation Program Adult Treatmen...
9 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2012
C Gizélia Barros1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Jamal Mahmud1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Carlos K. B. Ferrari1
Estimated H-index: 1
Aims: to describe the prevalence of overweight, obesity and lifestyle factors among health professionals from three Brazilian cities. Methods: in addition to a questionnaire containing the FIT and PAR-Q test, the WHOQOL and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, we also estimated the body mass index and waist circumference of 44 health professionals. Results: 30% of the sample were overweight or had sleeping problems. 29% of the employees had little leisure oportunities. About 12% of the sample had arter...
1 Citations
Published on Dec 1, 2011in Frontiers in Life Science 0.91
Graziele Souza Lira Ferrari3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso),
Carlos Kusano Bucalen Ferrari10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso)
The objective of this article was to review the biochemical basis of the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) test and its applications to exercise science and promotion of healthy aging. Measurement of TAC allows evaluation of the antioxidant content of muscle, heart and other exercise-target organs. Acute non-regular physical exercise and body exposition to higher altitude have been associated with a considerable decrease of blood TAC. However, regular practice of physical activity and exercise is...
3 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2011
Cleber F. Guimarães1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Adenilda Cristina Honorio-França15
Estimated H-index: 15
,
Eduardo Luzia França2
Estimated H-index: 2
2 Abstract: Lifestyle and quality of life decisively interfere on risk for chronic non-transmissible diseases and the prevalence of affective and self-esteem disorders. The objective of this work was to evaluate health and quality of life aspects among permitted chandlers from CEAGESP in Sao Paulo, Brazil. All 79 chandlers from Sao Paulo headquarters were evaluated. The quality of life and lifestyle were evaluated by the "WHOQOL-bref" questionnaire. Sedentary behavior, alcoholic drinking and eat...
2 Citations