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METABOLIC SYNDROME AND OBESITY: EPIDEMIOLOGY AND PREVENTION BY PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND EXERCISE
Published on Jan 1, 2008
Carlos K. B. Ferrari1
Estimated H-index: 1
Abstract
Obesity and physical inactivity comprise an important worldwide epidemic that has been linked to the meta-bolic syndrome. This syndrome is characterized by increased risk of hypertension, diabetes, inflammation,renal, and many other metabolic disorders. Presenting the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in selectedworld populations, this paper strongly discusses the pivotal role of physical activity and exercise in prevent-ing central obesity, metabolic syndrome and their complications such as dyslipidemia, hypertension andinsulin resistance. Exercise recommendations to decrease the risk of metabolic syndrome and its compo-nents as well as public health policies to promote public engagement on exercise are described. Regularpractice of aerobic physical activities, such as walking, as well as weight-bearing exercise training are impor-tant to improve cardiovascular fitness, change body composition, and prevent or manage metabolic syn-drome, obesity, diabetes, and other complications. [
  • References (96)
  • Cited By (15)
References96
Chatlert Pongchaiyakul14
Estimated H-index: 14
,
Tuan V. Nguyen88
Estimated H-index: 88
+ 2 AuthorsKlungboonkrong1
Estimated H-index: 1
Background: Although the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been well-documented in Western Caucasian populations, there are few studies in non-Caucasian populations. The objectives of the present study were to estimate the prevalence of MetS and to find an optimal BMI cut-off value for defining obesity in the Thai population. Material and Method: A sample of 307 men and 295 healthy women aged between 20 and 90 years (average age of 45 years) who came for a health check-up clinic in...
17 Citations
Published on Dec 1, 1999in Journal of Applied Physiology 3.26
Tomasz M. Rywik5
Estimated H-index: 5
(National Institutes of Health),
Marc R. Blackman47
Estimated H-index: 47
+ 6 AuthorsJerome L. Fleg79
Estimated H-index: 79
(National Institutes of Health)
Using external vascular ultrasound, we measured brachial artery diameter (Diam) at rest, after release of 4 min of limb ischemia, i.e., endothelium-dependent dilation (EDD), and after sublingual nitroglycerin, i.e., non-endothelium-dependent dilation (NonEDD), in 35 healthy men aged 61–83 yr: 12 endurance athletes (A) and 23 controls (C). As anticipated, treadmill exercise maximal oxygen consumption (V˙o 2 max) was significantly higher in A than in C (40.2 ± 6.6 vs. 27.9 ± 3.8 ml ⋅ kg−1 ⋅ min−1;...
90 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jun 1, 2002in International Journal of Obesity 5.16
T S. Church8
Estimated H-index: 8
,
C E Finley1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 3 AuthorsSteven N. Blair136
Estimated H-index: 136
Relative associations of fitness and fatness to fibrinogen, white blood cell count, uric acid and metabolic syndrome
85 Citations Source Cite
Published on Nov 1, 2005in Diabetes-metabolism Research and Reviews 3.90
Simona Bo31
Estimated H-index: 31
(University of Turin),
Luigi Gentile15
Estimated H-index: 15
+ 8 AuthorsMaurizio Cassader42
Estimated H-index: 42
(University of Turin)
Background To evaluate the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MS) and its components in a population-based cohort, and to analyse the association between gender, environmental conditions, C-reactive protein (CRP), and the syndrome. Methods Out of 1877 subjects aged 45–64, who represented all the patients of six family physicians, representative of the sanitary districts of Asti (north-western Italy), 88% accepted to participate in an interview on personal habits, and several clinical and labo...
61 Citations Source Cite
Published on Nov 1, 2005in Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 4.29
Radim Jurca9
Estimated H-index: 9
,
Michael J. LaMonte35
Estimated H-index: 35
+ 3 AuthorsSteven N. Blair136
Estimated H-index: 136
Purpose: To examine the association between muscular strength and incidence of metabolic syndrome. Methods: Participants were 3233 men (20-80 yr) initially free of metabolic syndrome who had two or more clinical examinations between 1980 and 2003, including baseline muscular strength and cardiorespiratory fitness assessment. Metabolic syndrome was defined according to NCEP-ATP III criteria. Muscular strength was quantified by combining body weight-adjusted one-repetition maximal measures for leg...
253 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2004in Archives of Medical Research 2.02
Carlos A. Aguilar-Salinas40
Estimated H-index: 40
,
Rosalba Rojas20
Estimated H-index: 20
+ 6 AuthorsJaime Sepúlveda25
Estimated H-index: 25
Abstract Background Our objective was to describe the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome using World Health Organization (WHO) and National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP-III) definitions in a population-based survey. Methods We performed an analysis of data from a Mexican nationwide, population-based study. The population was composed of 2,158 men and women aged 20–69 years sampled after a 9–12 h fasting period. Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome as defined by the NCEP-III definition a...
155 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 1, 2005in Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 2.55
Le Nguyen Trung Duc Son3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Tokushima),
Daisuke Kunii11
Estimated H-index: 11
(University of Tokushima)
+ 2 AuthorsShigeru Yamamoto29
Estimated H-index: 29
(University of Tokushima)
Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MeS) and its risk factors in urban population of Ho Chi Minh City. A cross-sectional study was conducted in urban areas of Ho Chi Minh City with 611 participants. The demographic, socio-economic details, anthropometric indexes and blood pressure were recorded. A fasting blood sample was collected for the analyses of glucose, total cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and ...
42 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 1, 2008in Obesity 4.04
Kuo-Chin Huang40
Estimated H-index: 40
(National Taiwan University),
Long-Teng Lee14
Estimated H-index: 14
(National Taiwan University)
+ 1 AuthorsPei-Kun Sung3
Estimated H-index: 3
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between mortality and metabolic syndrome using the America Heart Association/National Heart Lung Blood Institute (AHA/NHLBI) and International Diabetes Federation (IDF) definitions in a Taiwanese cohort. Methods and Procedures: A total of 124,513 participants, aged 20–94 years, from four nationwide health centers in Taiwan were recruited from 1998 to 1999. Cox proportional hazard regression analyses were used to estimate the relative ri...
33 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 9, 2002in JAMA Internal Medicine 19.99
Tobias Kurth68
Estimated H-index: 68
,
J. Michael Gaziano98
Estimated H-index: 98
+ 5 AuthorsJoAnn E. Manson229
Estimated H-index: 229
Background Although obesity is an established risk factor for coronary heart disease, its role as a risk factor for stroke remains controversial. Methods Prospective cohort study among 21 414 US male physicians participating in the Physicians' Health Study. Incidence of total, ischemic, and hemorrhagic stroke was measured by self-report and confirmed by medical record review. We used Cox proportional hazards models to evaluate the association of body mass index (BMI), calculated as self-reported...
350 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 4, 1998in JAMA 47.66
Elizabeth J. Mayer-Davis63
Estimated H-index: 63
,
Ralph B. D'Agostino162
Estimated H-index: 162
(Wake Forest University)
+ 4 AuthorsRichard N. Bergman104
Estimated H-index: 104
(University of Southern California)
Context.—Exercise training is associated with improved insulin sensitivity (SI), but the potential impact of habitual, nonvigorous activity is uncertain.Objective.—To determine whether habitual, nonvigorous physical activity, as well as vigorous and overall activity, is associated with better SI.Design.—A multicultural epidemiologic study.Setting.—The Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study, conducted in Oakland, Calif; Los Angeles, Calif; the San Luis Valley, Colo; and San Antonio, Tex.Partici...
507 Citations Source Cite
Cited By15
Somaye Yosaee2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Sara Ansari1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 3 AuthorsKurosh Djafarian11
Estimated H-index: 11
Background and purpose: Childhood obesity is an important health issue in Iran, however, there is not enough information about the effects of entertainment media on this issue. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between the times spent watching TV and playing games with body composition in children aged 6-9 years old in Tehran. Materials and methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among111children selected through multistage sampling from primary schools in Tehran. Info...
Published on Oct 7, 2013
Raquel Nichele de Chaves XXXVII ABSTRACT The main purpose of this thesis was to study the complex relationship among physical growth, motor development and health of a population from the Vouzela, central region of Portugal. The sample comprised 3158 children and adolescents (6 to 17 yearsold), and 260 nuclear families. Standardized procedures were used to assess different aspects of growth, body composition, motor performance, gross motor coordination, physical activity, metabolic risk, socioec...
Published on Apr 1, 2016in Nutrition & Dietetics 1.08
Marcela Maria Pandolfi2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of South Africa),
Jane de Eston Armond2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of South Africa)
+ 2 AuthorsPatrícia Colombo-Souza2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of South Africa)
Aims Childhood obesity is emerging as a relevant public health concern because a significant proportion of obese children will become obese in adulthood. The prevalence of childhood and adolescent obesity has increased in developed and developing nations. This study aimed to verify the prevalence of overweight and obesity in schoolchildren from primary schools in an urban–rural peripheral region of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Methods This was a cross-sectional study with 2039 6- to 10-year-old children. ...
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2011
José Armando Vidarte Claros2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Consuelo Vélez Álvarez3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Caldas)
+ 1 AuthorsMargareth Lorena Alfonso Mora1
Estimated H-index: 1
Resumen es: Objetivo: conceptualizar acerca de la definicion de la actividad fisica, su prevalencia y relacion directa con las estrategias desarrolladas desde la pro...
10 Citations
Published on Jan 1, 2010in Tidsskrift for Den Norske Laegeforening
Leif Inge Tjelta5
Estimated H-index: 5
,
Odd Kvåle1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Sindre M. Dyrstad10
Estimated H-index: 10
5 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2013in Industrial Health 1.11
Dae Ryong Kang18
Estimated H-index: 18
(Yonsei University),
Yeongmi Ha1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Gyeongsang National University),
Won Ju Hwang8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Kyung Hee University)
The purposes of this study were to estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and to investigate the risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome in Korean workers. This is a secondary data analysis study using the data set from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey IV. A total of 1,545 workers over 20 yr of age were included in this analysis. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was determined using the modified National Cholesterol Ed- ucation Program Adult Treatmen...
9 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 2011in Frontiers in Life Science 0.91
Graziele Souza Lira Ferrari3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso),
Carlos Kusano Bucalen Ferrari8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso)
The objective of this article was to review the biochemical basis of the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) test and its applications to exercise science and promotion of healthy aging. Measurement of TAC allows evaluation of the antioxidant content of muscle, heart and other exercise-target organs. Acute non-regular physical exercise and body exposition to higher altitude have been associated with a considerable decrease of blood TAC. However, regular practice of physical activity and exercise is...
3 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2012
C Gizélia Barros1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Jamal Mahmud1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Carlos K. B. Ferrari1
Estimated H-index: 1
Aims: to describe the prevalence of overweight, obesity and lifestyle factors among health professionals from three Brazilian cities. Methods: in addition to a questionnaire containing the FIT and PAR-Q test, the WHOQOL and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, we also estimated the body mass index and waist circumference of 44 health professionals. Results: 30% of the sample were overweight or had sleeping problems. 29% of the employees had little leisure oportunities. About 12% of the sample had arter...
1 Citations
Carlos Kusano Bucalen Ferrari8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso)
A promocao da saude e da qualidade de vida (QV), bem como da prevencao de agravos a saude e fundamental para os adolescentes. O presente estudo teve como objetivo mostrar e descrever a experiencia de um projeto de educacao de adolescentes para a promocao da saude e prevencao de doencas. Este projeto buscou investigar os habitos alimentares, a pratica de atividades fisicas, o risco de sobrepeso e obesidade, o estilo de vida (sono, tabagismo, etilismo), os conhecimentos sobre osteoporose e a QV. O...
Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 2010in Asian journal of sports medicine
Sarika Chaudhary1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Guru Nanak Dev University),
Manpreet Kaur Kang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Guru Nanak Dev University),
Jaspal Singh Sandhu12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Guru Nanak Dev University)
Purpose: The present study was designed to evaluate the effects of aerobic and strength training on cardiac variables such as blood pressure, heart rate (HR), and metabolic parameters like cholesterol, high density lipoprotein (HDL), triglycerides and anthropometric parameters of obese women of Punjab. Methods: This study was performed as an experimental study, in which subjects were randomly selected. There were thirty obese women, aged between 35-45yrs with body mass index (BMI) of above 30. S...
27 Citations Source Cite
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