Dimensions of driving anger and their relationships with aberrant driving.

Published on Aug 1, 2015in Accident Analysis & Prevention
· DOI :10.1016/j.aap.2015.05.005
Tingru Zhang5
Estimated H-index: 5
(CityU: City University of Hong Kong),
Alan H.S. Chan23
Estimated H-index: 23
(CityU: City University of Hong Kong),
Wei Zhang4
Estimated H-index: 4
(THU: Tsinghua University)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between driving anger and aberrant driving behaviours. An internet-based questionnaire survey was administered to a sample of Chinese drivers, with driving anger measured by a 14-item short Driving Anger Scale (DAS) and the aberrant driving behaviours measured by a 23-item Driver Behaviour Questionnaire (DBQ). The results of Confirmatory Factor Analysis demonstrated that the three-factor model (hostile gesture, arrival-blocking and safety-blocking) of the DAS fitted the driving anger data well. The Exploratory Factor Analysis on DBQ data differentiated four types of aberrant driving, viz. emotional violation, error, deliberate violation and maintaining progress violation. For the anger–aberration relation, it was found that only “arrival-blocking” anger was a significant positive predictor for all four types of aberrant driving behaviours. The “safety-blocking” anger revealed a negative impact on deliberate violations, a finding different from previously established positive anger–aberration relation. These results suggest that drivers with different patterns of driving anger would show different behavioural tendencies and as a result intervention strategies may be differentially effective for drivers of different profiles.
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