Relationship Between the Consumption of Milk-Based Oils Including Butter and Kermanshah Ghee with Metabolic Syndrome: Ravansar Non-Communicable Disease Cohort Study

Published on May 5, 2020in Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy3.319
· DOI :10.2147/DMSO.S247412
Elham Ahmadi , Elham Ahmadi1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences)
+ 4 AuthorsRoghayeh Mostafai2
Estimated H-index: 2
Background: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in recent years has been growing in different societies, which may be due to lifestyle changes including changes in diet, in particular the consumption pattern of edible oils. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the consumption of animal oils including butter and Kermanshah ghee with MetS and its components in the adult population of Ravansar Non-Communicable Disease (RaNCD) cohort study. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 5550 adults aged 35-65 years using baseline data of Ravansar's prospective study center in Iran. MetS was defined according to the criteria of modified NCEP ATP III for Iranian adults. Relationship between the consumption of butter and Kermanshah ghee and MetS was analyzed by logistic regression model using STATA software. Results: In our study, the frequency of MetS was 31.40%. The mean body mass index and mean age were 27.1±4.6 kg/m2 and 47.6±8.2 years. The mean values of consumed butter and Kermanshah ghee were 3.3±1.8 and 5.1±2.3 g/day, respectively. After adjusting the confounding variables, the highest to the lowest quintile of butter and Kermanshah ghee consumption showed a reverse correlation with the MetS (OR = 0.7, 95% CI = 0.5-0.9) and (OR= 0.7, 95% CI=0.6-0.9), respectively. Conclusion: This study revealed a reverse relationship between milk and Kermanshah ghee consumption with MetS and its components. Therefore, consumption of milk-based oils may be associated with lower cardiovascular risk factors.
  • References (42)
  • Citations (0)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
11 Citations
6 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
Last. Jana KraftH-Index: 15
view all 3 authors...
Lifestyle is a key modifiable risk factor involved in the manifestation of metabolic syndrome and, in particular, diet plays a pivotal role in its prevention and development. Current dietary guidelines discourage the consumption of saturated fat and dietary sources rich in saturated fat, such as dairy products, despite data suggesting that full-fat dairy consumption is protective against metabolic syndrome. This narrative review assessed the recent epidemiological and clinical research that exam...
2 CitationsSource
#1Yahya Pasdar (Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 5
#2Farid Najafi (Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 19
Last. Annette J. Dobson (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 64
view all 8 authors...
4 CitationsSource
#1Akbar Fotouhi (Tehran University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 32
#2Hossein Ebrahimi (Shahroud University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 8
Last. Hassan Hashemi (Noor Eye Hospital)H-Index: 36
view all 5 authors...
Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a growing public health problem with a worldwide distribution, and its prevalence is rapidly increasing worldwide. Hence, this study aimed to compare the prevalence of MetS based on the International Diabetes Federation (IDF), the National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP ATP III), and the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) diagnostic criteria. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional s...
1 CitationsSource
#1Shima Moradi (Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 2
#2Yahya Pasdar (Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 5
Last. Mansour Rezaei (Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 18
view all 8 authors...
1 CitationsSource
#1Hossein Poustchi (Tehran University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 28
#2Sareh Eghtesad (Tehran University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 7
Last. RezaMalekzadehH-Index: 85
view all 28 authors...
19 CitationsSource
#1Mohammadmehdi Hassanzadeh-Taheri (Birjand University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 2
#2Mahsa Hassanzadeh-Taheri (Birjand University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 1
Last. Mehran Hosseini (Birjand University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 5
view all 4 authors...
Although yoghurt butter oil as a fermented dairy product is widely consumed in several countries, its metabolic effects have not been fully elucidated. In this study, male Wistar rats were treated with standard diet, standard diet enriched with 10% or 20% (W/W) of either cow yoghurt butter oil (CYBO), sheep yoghurt butter oil (SYBO) or cottonseed oil (COT) for 20 weeks. Treatment of rats with CYBO or SYBO (at both concentrations) did not significantly influence haematological parameters, plasma ...
4 CitationsSource
#1Kayo KurotaniH-Index: 20
#2Palitha KarunapemaH-Index: 1
Last. Tetsuya MizoueH-Index: 45
view all 13 authors...
Abstract The differences in the morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular diseases between Sri Lankan and Japanese populations might be explained by the differences in their diet, especially fat. To test the hypothesis that the fatty acid (FA) compositions differ between Sri Lankan and Japanese populations and that high concentrations of n-3 polyunsaturated FAs and linoleic acid are associated with a low level of arteriosclerosis, the authors compared the circulating FA compositions between Sri ...
1 CitationsSource
#1Laura Pimpin (Tufts University)H-Index: 11
#2Jason H.Y. Wu (The George Institute for Global Health)H-Index: 35
Last. Dariush Mozaffarian (Tufts University)H-Index: 120
view all 5 authors...
Background Dietary guidelines recommend avoiding foods high in saturated fat. Yet, emerging evidence suggests cardiometabolic benefits of dairy products and dairy fat. Evidence on the role of butter, with high saturated dairy fat content, for total mortality, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes remains unclear. We aimed to systematically review and meta-analyze the association of butter consumption with all-cause mortality, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes in general populations. Met...
60 CitationsSource
#1Christine E. Dugan (UConn: University of Connecticut)H-Index: 5
#2David Aguilar (UConn: University of Connecticut)H-Index: 5
Last. Maria Luz Fernandez (UConn: University of Connecticut)H-Index: 47
view all 5 authors...
Objectives: A 6-week cross-over study design was used to determine the effect of increased dairy consumption in typically low-dairy consumers (n = 37) with metabolic syndrome (MetS) on systemic inflammation and hepatic enzymes.Methods: This was a randomized study in which participants consumed low-fat dairy (LFD) (10 oz 1% milk, 6 oz nonfat yogurt, 4 oz 2% cheese) or a carbohydrate-based control (CNT) (1.5 oz granola bar and 12 oz 100% juice) for 6 weeks. After a 4-week washout, they were alloca...
17 CitationsSource
#1Somayeh Hosseinpour-Niazi (Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and Health Services)H-Index: 12
#2Parvin Mirmiran (Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and Health Services)H-Index: 44
Last. Fereidoun Azizi (Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and Health Services)H-Index: 66
view all 4 authors...
Abstract Aim The aim of this study was to investigate the association between hydrogenated- (HVOs) and non-hydrogenated vegetable oils (non-HVOs) and butter and the metabolic syndrome (MetS) after 3-years of follow-up in adults. Methods This study was conducted between 2006–2008 and 2009–2011 within the framework of the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study, on 1582 adults, aged 19–84 years. Intakes of HVOs, non-HVOs and butter were assessed by a validated semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire...
Cited By0