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Equipment modification can enhance skill learning in young field hockey players

Published on Apr 21, 2020in International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching
· DOI :10.1177/1747954120918964
Jea Brocken1
Estimated H-index: 1
(VU: VU University Amsterdam),
J. van der Kamp10
Estimated H-index: 10
(VU: VU University Amsterdam)
+ 1 AuthorsG.J.P. Savelsbergh3
Estimated H-index: 3
(VU: VU University Amsterdam)
Abstract
The aim of the study was to investigate whether performance of children can be improved by training with modified equipment that challenges movement execution. For that purpose, young field hockey ...
  • References (17)
  • Citations (1)
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References17
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#1Femke van Abswoude (Radboud University Nijmegen)H-Index: 3
#2John van der Kamp (International Business Broker's Association)H-Index: 19
Last. Bert SteenbergenH-Index: 34
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Effective learning methods are essential for motor skill development and participation in children with low motor abilities. Current learning methods predominantly aim to increase declarative knowledge through explicit instructions that necessitate sufficient working memory capacity. This study investigated the roles of declarative knowledge and working memory capacity in explicit motor learning of children with low motor abilities. We studied both acquisition performance (i.e., performance duri...
2 CitationsSource
#1Luca Oppici (VU: Victoria University, Australia)H-Index: 4
#2Derek Panchuk (AIS: Australian Institute of Sport)H-Index: 9
Last. Damian Farrow (AIS: Australian Institute of Sport)H-Index: 32
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Abstract Objectives Equipment is frequently modified to promote skill learning in sport. However, it is unclear whether skills learned using modified equipment transfer to the criterion task. This study examined the transfer of passing skill from practicing with a futsal ball to performing with a soccer ball, and the perceptual skill underlying the process. Methods 24 adult novices (n = 18 females and n = 6 males, 24 ± 4.8 years old) were divided into an experimental (FUT) and a control group (S...
3 CitationsSource
#1Tim Buszard (VU: Victoria University, Australia)H-Index: 10
#2Machar ReidH-Index: 24
Last. Damian Farrow (AIS: Australian Institute of Sport)H-Index: 32
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Background This review investigated the influence of scaling sports equipment and play area (e.g., field size) on children’s motor skill acquisition.
23 CitationsSource
#1Tim Buszard (VU: Victoria University, Australia)H-Index: 10
#2Damian Farrow (AIS: Australian Institute of Sport)H-Index: 32
Last. Rich S. W. Masters (University of Waikato)H-Index: 29
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Abstract This study investigated whether children who used scaled equipment compared to full size equipment during a motor task demonstrated reduced conscious involvement in performance. Children (9–11 years) performed a tennis hitting task in two attention conditions (single-task and dual-task) using two types of equipment (scaled and full size). A more skilled group and a less skilled group were formed using hitting performance scores. The more skilled group displayed greater working memory ca...
14 CitationsSource
#1Miriam Chang Yi Lee (NTU: Nanyang Technological University)H-Index: 2
#2Jia Yi Chow (NTU: Nanyang Technological University)H-Index: 21
Last. Chris Button (University of Otago)H-Index: 32
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Learning a sports skill is a complex process in which practitioners are challenged to cater for individual differences. The main purpose of this study was to explore the effectiveness of a Nonlinear Pedagogy approach for learning a sports skill. Twenty-four 10-year-old females participated in a 4-week intervention involving either a Nonlinear Pedagogy (i.e.,manipulation of task constraints including equipment and rules) or a Linear Pedagogy (i.e., prescriptive, repetitive drills) approach to lea...
29 CitationsSource
#1Sian Barris (QUT: Queensland University of Technology)H-Index: 4
#2Damian Farrow (AIS: Australian Institute of Sport)H-Index: 32
Last. Keith Davids (QUT: Queensland University of Technology)H-Index: 60
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Purpose Previous research demonstrating that specific performance outcome goals can be achieved in different ways is functionally significant for springboard divers whose performance environment can vary extensively. This body of work raises questions about the traditional approach of balking (terminating the takeoff) by elite divers aiming to perform only identical, invariant movement patterns during practice. Method A 12-week training program (2 times per day; 6.5 hr per day) was implemented w...
28 CitationsSource
#1Rajiv Ranganathan (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 17
#2Karl M. Newell (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 64
Variability is often introduced by an external agent (e.g., an instructor) during practice with the purpose of enhancing motor learning. Using a task analysis approach, we provide a framework to examine the effects of intervention-induced variability. We propose that variability may have markedly di
43 CitationsSource
#1Tino Stöckel (Bielefeld University)H-Index: 10
#2Matthias Weigelt (Saarland University)H-Index: 20
Last. Jürgen Krug (Leipzig University)H-Index: 4
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Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate order-of-practice effects for the acquisition of a complex basketball skill in a bilateral transfer paradigm. The task required participants to dribble as fast as possible in slalom-like movements across six javelins and return to the initial position. Fifty-two right-handed school children (M age = 11.7 years) practiced this skill in eight sessions over 4 weeks under one of two training schedules: (a) with the dominant hand, before changing ...
17 CitationsSource
#1Bert Steenbergen (Radboud University Nijmegen)H-Index: 34
#2J. van der KampH-Index: 6
Last. Rich S. W. Masters (HKU: University of Hong Kong)H-Index: 29
view all 5 authors...
Purpose. Motor skills can be learned in an explicit or an implicit manner. Explicit learning places high demands on working memory capacity, but engagement of working memory is largely circumvented when skills are learned implicitly. We propose that individuals with impaired movement dynamics may benefit from implicit learning methods when acquiring sports-related motor skills.Method. We discuss converging evidence that individuals with cerebral palsy and children born prematurely have compromis...
52 CitationsSource
#1Ian Renshaw (QUT: Queensland University of Technology)H-Index: 24
#2Jia Yi Chow (NTU: Nanyang Technological University)H-Index: 21
Last. John Hammond (University of Lincoln)H-Index: 6
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Background: In order to design appropriate environments for performance and learning of movement skills, physical educators need a sound theoretical model of the learner and of processes of learning. In physical education, this type of modelling informs the organisation of learning environments and effective and efficient use of practice time. An emerging theoretical framework in motor learning, relevant to physical education, advocates a constraints-led perspective for acquisition of movement s...
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Cited By1
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#1José María Giménez-Egido (University of Murcia)H-Index: 2
#2Enrique Ortega-Toro (University of Murcia)H-Index: 4
Last. Gema Torres-Luque (University of Jaén)H-Index: 11
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Abstract The aim of this study was to compare two scaled competition formats for under 10 years of age (U-10) tennis players analyzing: serve performance; serve performance according to the serve placement; rally length; rally length in function of the serve placement; serve performance according to the game status.. Twenty U-10 players (age = 9.46±0.66 years) played eighty single tennis matches. Forty matches were played according to the International Tennis Federation's Tennis 10s guide for U-...
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