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Association of Personality and Thinking Style With Effective Surgical Coaching.

Published on Apr 1, 2020in JAMA Surgery10.668
· DOI :10.1001/JAMASURG.2020.0234
Kara Vande Walle2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison),
Sudha R. Pavuluri Quamme6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)
+ 5 AuthorsCaprice C. Greenberg33
Estimated H-index: 33
(UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)
Abstract
Importance While interest in surgical coaching programs is rising, there is no objective method for selecting effective surgical coaches. Objective To identify a quantitative measure to determine who will be an effective surgical coach. Design, Setting, and Participants This prospective cohort study included coaches and coachees from 2 statewide peer surgical coaching programs: the Wisconsin Surgical Coaching Program and the Michigan Bariatric Surgical Collaborative coaching program. Data were collected from April 2014 to February 2018, and analysis began August 2018. Interventions The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator was administered to coaches and coachees, and the Life Styles Inventory was administered to surgical coaches before their first coaching session. Main Outcomes and Measures Coach performance in the first coaching session and all coaching sessions using the Wisconsin Surgical Coaching Rubric. Results Twenty-three surgical coaches and 38 coachees combined for a total of 65 unique pairs and 106 coaching sessions. Overall, 22 of 23 coaches (96%) and 32 of 38 coachees (84%) were men. An increase in a coach’s Life Styles Inventory constructive style score correlated with an increase in overall coach performance for the first coaching session (r = 0.70;P = .002). Similarity in the coaching pair’s Myers-Briggs Type Indicator judging/perceiving dichotomy was also associated with an increase in overall coach performance for their first coaching session (β = 0.38;P = .02). When all sessions were included in the analysis, these objective measures were no longer associated with coach performance. Conclusions and Relevance Surgeons of all personalities and thinking styles can become an effective coach with appropriate training and experience. Coach training can be tailored to support diverse behavioral styles and preferences to maximize coach effectiveness.
  • References (17)
  • Citations (1)
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References17
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#1Mitchell Alameddine (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 5
#2Michael J. Englesbe (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 43
Last. Seth A. Waits (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 16
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Objective For senior medical students pursuing careers in surgery, specific technical feedback is critical for developing foundational skills in preparation for residency. This pilot study seeks to assess the feasibility of a video-based coaching intervention to improve the suturing skills of fourth-year medical students. Design Fourth-year medical students pursuing careers in surgery were randomized to intervention vs. control groups and completed 2 video recorded suture tasks. Students in the ...
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#1Sarah P. Shubeck (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 6
#2Arielle E. Kanters (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 4
Last. Justin B. Dimick (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 70
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Abstract Background Many coaching methods have been well studied and formalized, but the approach most commonly used in the continuing education of surgeons is peer coaching. Through a qualitative thematic analysis, we sought to determine if surgeons can comfortably and effectively transition to a co-learner dynamic for effective peer coaching. Methods This qualitative study evaluated 20 surgeons participating in a video review coaching exercise in October 2015. Each conversation was coded by 2 ...
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#1Jacob A. Greenberg (UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)H-Index: 14
#2Sally A. Jolles (UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)H-Index: 6
Last. Carla M. Pugh (UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)H-Index: 24
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Introduction Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair has been shown to have significant benefits when compared to open inguinal hernia repair, yet remains underutilized in the United States. The traditional model of short, hands-on, cognitive courses to enhance the adoption of new techniques fails to lead to significant levels of practice implementation for most surgeons. We hypothesized that a comprehensive program would facilitate the adoption of laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair (TEP) for pract...
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#2Hala GhousseiniH-Index: 11
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Objective:We sought to develop and evaluate a video-based coaching program for board-eligible/certified surgeons.Summary Background Data:Multiple disciplines utilize coaching for continuous professional development; however, coaching is not routinely employed for practicing surgeons.Methods:Peer-nom
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Importance Peer surgical coaching is a promising approach for continuing professional development. However, scant guidance is available for surgeons seeking to develop peer-coaching skills. Executive coaching research suggests that effective coaches first establish a positive relationship with their coachees by aligning role and process expectations, establishing rapport, and cultivating mutual trust. Objective To identify the strategies used by peer surgical coaches to develop effective peer-co...
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available at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25822691 Editorial Comment: The concept of surgical coaching is a relatively new idea to help improve training and education for surgeons and surgical residents. In this study 20 residents were ran- domized to undergo either 1) intense coaching during surgery, including ward and operating room duties, regular departmental sessions, performance analysis, debriefing, feedback and behavior modeling, or 2) standard conventional training. Video analysis...
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#1Pritam SinghH-Index: 11
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OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates whether video-based coaching can enhance laparoscopic surgical skills performance. BACKGROUND: Many professions utilize coaching to improve performance. The sports industry employs video analysis to maximize improvement from every performance. METHODS: Laparoscopic novices were baseline tested and then trained on a validated virtual reality (VR) laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) curriculum. After competence, subjects were randomized on a 1:1 ratio and each perform...
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#1Erik de Haan (Ashridge Business School)H-Index: 7
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This article argues for a new way of studying executive-coaching outcomes, which is illustrated with a study based on data from 156 client– coach pairs. The argument accepts that we are unlikely to get robust data on coaching outcomes in the near future but assumes that we can expect similar effectiveness for coaching as that demonstrated in rigorous psychotherapy outcome research. Therefore, it is argued that it is more important now to (a) identify the “active ingredients” that predict the eff...
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#1Yue Yung Hu (Brigham and Women's Hospital)H-Index: 14
#2Sarah E. Peyre (Brigham and Women's Hospital)H-Index: 16
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Background The surgical learning curve persists for years after training, yet existing continuing medical education activities targeting this are limited. We describe a pilot study of a scalable video-based intervention, providing individualized feedback on intraoperative performance. Study Design Four complex operations performed by surgeons of varying experience—a chief resident accompanied by the operating senior surgeon, a surgeon with less than 10 years in practice, another with 20 to 30 ye...
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