Prognostic Impact of Self-Reported Health on Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Heart Failure.
Published on Mar 31, 2020in European Heart Journal - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes
· DOI :10.1093/EHJQCCO/QCAA026
AIMS: An in-depth understanding of the prognostic value of patient-reported outcomes (PRO) is essential to facilitate person-centred care in heart failure (HF). This study aimed to clarify the prognostic role of subjective mental and physical health status in patients with HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with HF were identified from the DenHeart Survey (n = 1,499) and PRO data were obtained at hospital discharge, including the EuroQol five-dimensional questionnaire (EQ-5D), the HeartQoL and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Clinical baseline data were obtained from medical records and linked to nationwide registries with patient-level data on sociodemographics and healthcare contacts. Outcomes were all-cause and cardiovascular (CV) mortality, CV events and HF hospitalisation with one- and three-year follow-up.Analysing the PRO data on a continuous scale, a worse score in the following were associated with risk of all-cause and CV mortality after one year: the HeartQoL (adjusted HRs 1.91, 95% CI:1.42-2.57 and 2.17, 95% CI:1.50-3.15, respectively), the EQ-5D (adjusted HRs 1.26, 95% CI: 1.15-1.38 and 1.27, 95% CI: 1.13-1.42, respectively), the HADS depression subscale (adjusted HRs 1.12, 95% CI: 1.07-1.17 and 1.11, 95% CI: 1.05-1.17, respectively), and the HADS anxiety subscale (adjusted HRs 1.08, 95% CI: 1.03-1.13 and 1.09, 95% CI: 1.04-1.15, respectively). Three-year results were overall in concordance with the one-year results. A similar pattern was also observed for non-fatal outcomes. CONCLUSION: Health-related quality of life and symptoms of anxiety and depression at discharge were associated with all-cause and CV mortality at one- and three-year follow-up.