Match!

Radiocarbon chronology and environmental context of Last Glacial Maximum human occupation in Switzerland.

Published on Mar 13, 2020in Scientific Reports4.011
· DOI :10.1038/S41598-020-61448-7
Hazel Reade4
Estimated H-index: 4
(UCL Institute of Archaeology),
Jennifer A. Tripp6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UCL Institute of Archaeology)
+ 6 AuthorsRhiannon E. Stevens6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UCL Institute of Archaeology)
Abstract
Central Europe during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) was dominated by polar desert and steppe-tundra biomes. Despite this, a human presence during this time period is evident at several locations across the region, including in Switzerland, less than 50 km from the Alpine ice sheet margin. It has been hypothesised that such human activity may have been restricted to brief periods of climatic warming within the LGM, but chronological information from many of these sites are currently too poorly resolved to corroborate this. Here we present a revised chronology of LGM human occupation in Switzerland. AMS radiocarbon dating of cut-marked reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) bones from the sites of Kastelhohle-Nord and Y-Hohle indicates human occupation of Switzerland was most likely restricted to between 23,400 and 22,800 cal. BP. This timeframe corresponds to Greenland Interstadial 2, a brief warming phase, supporting the hypothesis that human presence was facilitated by favourable climatic episodes. Carbon, nitrogen and sulphur stable isotope analysis of the fauna provides palaeoenvironmental information for this time period. These findings contribute to our understanding of human activity in ice-marginal environments and have implications for understanding cultural connections across central Europe during the LGM.
  • References (82)
  • Citations (0)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
20142.78PLOS ONE
12 Authors (Ron Pinhasi, ..., Anna Belfer-Cohen)
10 Citations
10 Citations
9 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
References82
Newest
#1Kerry L. Sayle (Scottish Enterprise)H-Index: 8
#2Christopher Brodie (Thermo Fisher Scientific)H-Index: 1
Last. W. Derek Hamilton (Scottish Enterprise)H-Index: 6
view all 4 authors...
Rationale: The use of multi‐isotopic analysis (δ15N, δ13C and δ34S values) of archaeological bone collagen to assist in the interpretation of diet, movement and mobility of prehistoric populations is gradually increasing, yet many researchers have traditionally avoided investigating sulphur due to its very low concentrations (<0.3%) in mammalian collagen. For this reason, and as a consequence of analytical detection limits, sulphur is usually measured separately from carbon and nitrogen, which l...
1 CitationsSource
#1Christoph Wißing (University of Tübingen)H-Index: 7
#2Hélène Rougier (CSUN: California State University, Northridge)H-Index: 15
Last. Hervé Bocherens (University of Tübingen)H-Index: 47
view all 16 authors...
Correlating cultural, technological and ecological aspects of both Upper Pleistocene modern humans (UPMHs) and Neandertals provides a useful approach for achieving robust predictions about what makes us human. Here we present ecological information for a period of special relevance in human evolution, the time of replacement of Neandertals by modern humans during the Late Pleistocene in Europe. Using the stable isotopic approach, we shed light on aspects of diet and mobility of the late Neandert...
3 CitationsSource
#1Erika Nitsch (University of Oxford)H-Index: 7
#2Angela L. Lamb (BGS: British Geological Survey)H-Index: 23
Last. Amy Bogaard (University of Oxford)H-Index: 28
view all 12 authors...
The measurement of sulphur isotope (δS) values in charred plant remains has the potential to inform understanding of the spatial configuration and ecology of crop production. We investigated the effects of charring, manuring, oxidation and anaerobic soil conditions on modern cereal grain/pulse seed δS values, and assessed the effect of chemical pre-treatment on charred modern and archaeobotanical grain/seed δS values. We used these results to interpret δS values in archaeobotanical material from...
Source
#1Jennifer R. Jones (UC: University of Cantabria)H-Index: 6
#2Michael P. Richards (SFU: Simon Fraser University)H-Index: 8
Last. Ana B. Marín-Arroyo (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 9
view all 5 authors...
Abstract The Cantabrian region of Northern Spain was an important area of human occupation during the Middle and Upper Palaeolithic as the rich archaeological record demonstrates. The environmental conditions experienced by late Neanderthals and Anatomically Modern Humans (AMH) in the region during MIS3 are still poorly known, but are crucial to understand the role climatic instability could have had on the adaptations of these populations. In this study, a series of archaeological levels with M...
4 CitationsSource
#2Rhiannon E. Stevens (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 6
Last. Hervé BocherensH-Index: 47
view all 6 authors...
Higher δ 15 N values in bone collagen of mammoth ( Mammuthus primigenius ) compared with coeval large herbivores is a classic trait of the mammoth steppe. An exception applies to the Epigravettian site of Mezhyrich (ca. 18–17.4 ka cal BP) in the central East European plains, where mammoth bones have δ 15 N values equivalent to or in a lower range than those of horse specimens ( Equus sp.). We expanded our preliminary dataset to a larger sampling size of mammoth, other large herbivores, and carni...
2 CitationsSource
#1Christopher Bronk Ramsey (University of Oxford)H-Index: 49
Bayesian models have proved very powerful in analyzing large datasets of radiocarbon ( 14 C) measurements from specific sites and in regional cultural or political models. These models require the prior for the underlying processes that are being described to be defined, including the distribution of underlying events. Chronological information is also incorporated into Bayesian models used in DNA research, with the use of Skyline plots to show demographic trends. Despite these advances, there r...
105 CitationsSource
#1Matthias HuelsH-Index: 1
Last. David ChivallH-Index: 7
view all 5 authors...
Since its invention in the late 1940s, radiocarbon (14C) dating has become an important tool for absolute dating. A prerequisite for the acceptance of this method is consistency between, and compatibility of, 14C dates from different laboratories. To meet these requirements, international laboratory intercomparison studies with different sample materials are frequently performed (e.g. TIRI, FIRI, VIRI and, most recently, SIRI).Intercomparison is especially relevant and difficult for samples clos...
1 CitationsSource
Abstract This paper presents a study of the reindeer hunting seasons represented in Magdalenian occupations (levels 25 & 27) at the site of La Madeleine where this game comprises between 87 and 95% of the identified remains. The method of reindeer hunting season estimations based on the analysis of archaeological antlers, cheek teeth and fetal long-bone diaphyses underlines that the combined use of antlers, teeth, and fetal bones is indispensable for determining all four seasons. It also shows t...
Source
#1T Douglasprice (UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)H-Index: 39
#2David Meiggs (RIT: Rochester Institute of Technology)H-Index: 2
Last. Anne Pike-Tay (Vassar College)H-Index: 10
view all 4 authors...
Questions concerning the timing and direction of reindeer herd movements in northern Europe during the Late Pleistocene are examined with methods for isotopic proveniencing to study the faunal remains of reindeer from archaeological sites in northern Germany. Late Upper Paleolithic and Late Paleolithic reindeer hunters in this region belong to the Hamburgian and Ahrensburgian culture groups that exploited these herds between ca. 14,950 and 14,050 cal b2k and between ca. 12,800 and 11,400 cal b2k...
17 CitationsSource
#1Heather Binney (University of Southampton)H-Index: 10
#2Mary E. Edwards (University of Southampton)H-Index: 39
Last. Valentina ZernitskayaH-Index: 8
view all 19 authors...
Continental-scale estimates of vegetation cover, including land-surface properties and biogeographic trends, reflect the response of plant species to climate change over the past millennia. These estimates can help assess the effectiveness of simulations of climate change using forward and inverse modelling approaches. With the advent of transient and contiguous time-slice palaeoclimate simulations, vegetation datasets with similar temporal qualities are desirable. We collated fossil pollen reco...
41 CitationsSource
Cited By0
Newest