Match!

Correcting Bias in Perceptions of Public Opinion Among American Elected Officials: Results from Two Field Experiments

Published on Mar 3, 2020in British Journal of Political Science
· DOI :10.1017/S0007123419000711
Joshua L. Kalla6
Estimated H-index: 6
,
Ethan Porter5
Estimated H-index: 5
Abstract
  • References (35)
  • Citations (0)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
1982
1 Author (Marie Crane)
5 Citations
1995
1 Author (Mahar Mangahas)
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
References35
Newest
Author(s): Broockman, DE; Carnes, N; Crowder-Meyer, M; Skovron, C | Abstract: Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2019. Would giving party leaders more influence in primary elections in the United States decrease elite polarization? Some scholars have argued that political party leaders tend to support centrist candidates in the hopes of winning general elections. In contrast, the authors argue that many local party leaders - especially Republicans - may not believe that centrists perform bet...
2 CitationsSource
#1Ethan Porter (GW: George Washington University)H-Index: 5
#2Thomas J. Wood (OSU: Ohio State University)H-Index: 7
2 Citations
Within the scientific community, much attention has focused on improving communications between scientists, policy makers, and the public. To date, efforts have centered on improving the content, accessibility, and delivery of scientific communications. Here we argue that in the current political and media environment faulty communication is no longer the core of the problem. Distrust in the scientific enterprise and misperceptions of scientific knowledge increasingly stem less from problems of ...
15 CitationsSource
#1Thomas J. Wood (OSU: Ohio State University)H-Index: 7
#2Ethan Porter (GW: George Washington University)H-Index: 5
Can citizens heed factual information, even when such information challenges their partisan and ideological attachments? The “backfire effect,” described by Nyhan and Reifler (Polit Behav 32(2):303–330. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11109-010-9112-2, 2010), says no: rather than simply ignoring factual information, presenting respondents with facts can compound their ignorance. In their study, conservatives presented with factual information about the absence of Weapons of Mass Destruction in Iraq bec...
52 CitationsSource
#1Gordon Pennycook (University of Regina)H-Index: 30
#2David G. Rand (MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology)H-Index: 49
Reducing the spread of misinformation, especially on social media, is a major challenge. We investigate one potential approach: having social media platform algorithms preferentially display content from news sources that users rate as trustworthy. To do so, we ask whether crowdsourced trust ratings can effectively differentiate more versus less reliable sources. We ran two preregistered experiments ( n = 1,010 from Mechanical Turk and n = 970 from Lucid) where individuals rated familiarity with...
12 CitationsSource
Legislative staff link Members of Congress and their constituents, theoretically facilitating democratic representation. Yet, little research has examined whether Congressional staff actually recognize the preferences of their Members’ constituents. Using an original survey of senior US Congressional staffers, we show that staff systematically mis-estimate constituent opinions. We then evaluate the sources of these misperceptions, using observational analyses and two survey experiments. Staffers...
9 CitationsSource
#1Nir Grinberg (NU: Northeastern University)H-Index: 1
#2Kenneth Joseph (UB: University at Buffalo)H-Index: 2
Last. David Lazer (NU: Northeastern University)H-Index: 39
view all 5 authors...
The spread of fake news on social media became a public concern in the United States after the 2016 presidential election. We examined exposure to and sharing of fake news by registered voters on Twitter and found that engagement with fake news sources was extremely concentrated. Only 1% of individuals accounted for 80% of fake news source exposures, and 0.1% accounted for nearly 80% of fake news sources shared. Individuals most likely to engage with fake news sources were conservative leaning, ...
46 CitationsSource
#1Andrew Guess (Princeton University)H-Index: 8
#2Jonathan Nagler (NYU: New York University)H-Index: 27
Last. A TuckerJoshua (NYU: New York University)H-Index: 30
view all 3 authors...
So-called “fake news” has renewed concerns about the prevalence and effects of misinformation in political campaigns. Given the potential for widespread dissemination of this material, we examine the individual-level characteristics associated with sharing false articles during the 2016 U.S. presidential campaign. To do so, we uniquely link an original survey with respondents’ sharing activity as recorded in Facebook profile data. First and foremost, we find that sharing this content was a relat...
34 CitationsSource
24 CitationsSource
#1Dawn Langan Teele (UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 5
#2Joshua L. Kalla (UC: University of California)H-Index: 6
Last. Frances McCall Rosenbluth (Yale University)H-Index: 26
view all 3 authors...
This paper theorizes three forms of bias that might limit women's representation: outright hostility, double standards, and a double bind whereby desired traits present bigger burdens for women than men. We examine these forms of bias using conjoint experiments derived from several original surveys—a population survey of American voters and two rounds of surveys of American public officials. We find no evidence of outright discrimination or of double standards. All else equal, most groups of res...
6 CitationsSource
Cited By0
Newest