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Developing the ethical framework of end-stage kidney disease care: from practice to policy.

Published on Mar 1, 2020in Kidney International8.306
· DOI :10.1016/J.KISU.2019.11.003
Valerie A. Luyckx23
Estimated H-index: 23
(UZH: University of Zurich),
Dominique Martin10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Deakin University)
+ 18 AuthorsFu Eke12
Estimated H-index: 12
(University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital)
Abstract
Ethical issues relating to end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) care are increasingly being discussed by clinicians and ethicists but are still infrequently considered at a policy level or in the education and training of health care professionals. In most lower-income countries, access to kidney replacement therapies such as dialysis is not universal, leading to overt or implicit rationing of resources and potential exclusion from care of those who are unable to sustain out-of-pocket payments. These circumstances create significant inequities in access to ESKD care within and between countries and impose emotional and moral burdens on patients, families, and health care workers involved in decision-making and provision of care. End-of-life decision-making in the context of ESKD care in all countries may also create ethical dilemmas for policy makers, professionals, patients, and their families. This review outlines several ethical implications of the complex challenges that arise in the management of ESKD care around the world. We argue that more work is required to develop the ethics of ESKD care, so as to provide ethical guidance in decision-making and education and training for professionals that will support ethical practice in delivery of ESKD care. We briefly review steps that may be required to accomplish this goal, discussing potential barriers and strategies for success.
  • References (34)
  • Citations (1)
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References34
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The global nephrology community recognizes the need for a cohesive strategy to address the growing problem of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). In March 2018, the International Society of Nephrology hosted a summit on integrated ESKD care, including 92 individuals from around the globe with diverse expertise and professional backgrounds. The attendees were from 41 countries, including 16 participants from 11 low- and lower-middle–income countries. The purpose was to develop a strategic plan to im...
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Introduction Many low- and middle-income countries are implementing strategies to increase dialysis availability as growing numbers of people reach end-stage renal disease. Despite efforts to subsidize care, the economic sustainability of chronic dialysis in these settings remains uncertain. We evaluated the association of medical subsidy with household financial hardship related to hemodialysis in Kerala, India, a state with high penetrance of procedure-based subsidies for patients on dialysis....
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Introduction: Nearly 220000 patients are diagnosed with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) every year, which calls for an additional demand of 34 million dialysis sessions in India. The government of India has announced a National Dialysis Programme to provide for free dialysis in public hospitals. In this article we estimate the overall cost of performing hemodialysis (HD) in a tertiary care hospital. Second, we assess the catastrophic impact of out-of-pocket expenditures (OOPEs) for HD on househol...
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