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The Effects of Ecologically Valid Intervention Strategies on the Locomotor Skills of Children With Visual Impairments.

Published on Feb 27, 2020in Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly1.109
· DOI :10.1123/APAQ.2019-0019
Ali Brian7
Estimated H-index: 7
(USC: University of South Carolina),
Laura Bostick1
Estimated H-index: 1
(La. Tech: Louisiana Tech University)
+ 6 AuthorsLauren J. Lieberman20
Estimated H-index: 20
(SUNY: State University of New York System)
Abstract
Children with visual impairments often exhibit difficulties with locomotor skills (e.g., the ability to move one's body from one place to another), warranting the need for ecologically valid interventions with conditions that attempt to match the real world in a variety of settings. Parents and physical education teachers are the ones choosing to provide movement opportunities for children with visual impairments and must be included in any ecologically valid intervention strategy. This was a descriptive-analytic study. To support the greatest diversity in settings, the authors recruited 94 participants (blind = 44 and low vision = 50; Mage = 13.01 years, SD = 3.26) from schools for the deaf and blind in the United States (teacher led, n = 17) or Latvia (teacher led, n = 57), through an online LISTSERV throughout the United States (parent led, n = 10), and a control subgroup (n = 10). At the pretest, no participant's motor development met age expectations. Children with visual impairments from multiple locations and cultures significantly improved compared with controls who did not. Results were most favorable when the physical educator was the interventionist. However, further research is needed to replicate these findings.
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#1Ali Brian (USC: University of South Carolina)H-Index: 7
#2Adam Pennell (USC: University of South Carolina)H-Index: 2
Last. Lauren J. Lieberman (State University of New York at Brockport)H-Index: 20
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Abstract Background Children with visual impairments (VI) often reveal higher levels of sedentary time and lower levels of fundamental motor skills (FMS), health-related fitness (HRF) and physical activity (PA) than peers without visual impairments. Extrapolating correlates of HRF and PA are important to develop targeted intervention strategies aimed at improving health- and movement-based outcomes. Objective The purpose of this study was to examine associations among FMS (divided into locomotor...
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#1Lisa M. Barnett (Deakin University)H-Index: 29
#2Rohan M. Telford (UC: University of Canberra)H-Index: 12
Last. Richard D. Telford (UC: University of Canberra)H-Index: 30
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ABSTRACTChildren’s fundamental movement skill levels (FMS) predict moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Asian children have been reported as less active than English-Europeans, possibly d...
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#1Lisa M. Barnett (Deakin University)H-Index: 29
#2Jackie Goodway (OSU: Ohio State University)H-Index: 4
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#1Chittaranjan Andrade (National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences)H-Index: 25
Reliability and validity describe desirable psychometric characteristics of research instruments. The concept of validity is also applied to research studies and their findings. Internal validity examines whether the study design, conduct, and analysis answer the research questions without bias. External validity examines whether the study findings can be generalized to other contexts. Ecological validity examines, specifically, whether the study findings can be generalized to real-life settings...
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#1Renato de Souza Melo (UFPE: Federal University of Pernambuco)H-Index: 6
#2Andrea Lemos (UFPE: Federal University of Pernambuco)H-Index: 9
Last. Karla Mônica Ferraz (UFPE: Federal University of Pernambuco)H-Index: 6
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Abstract Introduction Some studies have demonstrated a parallelism between the extent of hearing loss and the frequency of vestibular dysfunction in children with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). Despite this, little is known about the repercussion of degrees of hearing loss and etiological factors on the balance performance in this children. Objective Compare the balance performance between normal hearing (NH) children and those with SNHL, considering the sex and age range of the sample, and ...
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#2Patrizia Tortella (University of Verona)H-Index: 2
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Motor development is affected by maturation and growth but also influenced by the specific environmental and cultural context. Therefore, cross-cultural research can provide information about how different cultural contexts, lifestyles, and physical activity contexts can influence the process of developing motor competence. The purpose of this study was to evaluate aspects of motor competence among children from different cultural backgrounds. The sample of 463 children from 6 to 8 years consist...
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Results of the Test of Gross Motor Development-2 (TGMD-2) consistently show acceptable validity and reliability for children/adolescents who are sighted and those who have visual impairments. Results of the Test of Gross Motor Development-3 (TGMD-3) are often valid and reliable for children who are sighted, but its psychometric properties are unknown for children with visual impairments. Participants (N = 66; Mage = 12.93, SD = 2.40) with visual impairments completed the TGMD-2 and TGMD-3. The T...
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#1Ali Brian (USC: University of South Carolina)H-Index: 7
#2Sally Taunton (USC: University of South Carolina)H-Index: 3
ABSTRACTBackground: Young children from disadvantaged settings often present delays in fundamental motor skills (FMS). Young children can improve their FMS delays through developmentally appropriat...
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#2Susan PetersenH-Index: 4
Last. Lauren J. Lieberman (State University of New York at Brockport)H-Index: 20
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Children with visual impairments tend to be less active and have lower levels of fitness than their sighted peers (Haegele & Porretta, 2015; Houwen, et al., 2009). Barriers such as a lack of professional preparation for teachers, and the attitudes of the public towards people with visual impairments, are currently keeping many children with visual impairments out of physical activity. Some of the barriers to physical activity for children with visual impairments have not changed significantly in...
#1Ali Brian (USC: University of South Carolina)H-Index: 7
#2Jacqueline D. Goodway (OSU: Ohio State University)H-Index: 17
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ABSTRACTPurpose: Children from disadvantaged settings are at risk for delays in their object-control (OC) skills. Fundamental motor skill interventions, such as the Successful Kinesthetic Instruction for Preschoolers (SKIP) Program, are highly successful when led by motor development experts. However, few preschools employ such experts. This study examined the extent to which Head Start teachers delivering an 8-week teacher-led SKIP (T-SKIP) intervention elicited learning of OC skills for Head S...
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