All-cancer incidence in Tehranian adults: more than a decade of follow-up-results from the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study.
Abstract Objectives To investigate the incidence rates for different malignancies and assess the risk factors for all-cancer incidence in Tehran. Study design Cohort study. Methods This study consists of 8599 participants aged ≥ 30 years who were free of cancer (3935 men). Cancer diagnosis was based on pathology reports. Sex-stratified crude incidence rates and age-standardized incidence rates (ASRs) using Segi's method were calculated for all-cancers. Multivariate Poisson regression models were used to evaluate associations of potential risk factors, including sex, age, obesity status (body mass index [BMI]: 25–30 kg/m2 as reference), education, smoking status, and diabetes mellitus with the incidence of cancers among the population. Incidence rate ratios (IRRs) with 95% confidence interval (CI) were also reported. Results During a median follow-up of 13.9 years, there were 130 and 129 incident cancers for men and women, respectively; the corresponding ASRs were 356.1 and 243.6 per 100,000 person-years, respectively. The three most incident cancers among men were gastrointestinal (GI) (ASR = 127.5), hematopoietic (ASR = 99.5), and reproductive system malignancies (ASR = 46.3). The most common incident cancers in women were breast cancer (ASR = 92.1), GI (ASR = 65.4), and reproductive system malignancies (ASR = 16.8). Among risk factors for cancer incidence, age (IRR [95% CI]: 1.05 [1.03–1.06]) and having a BMI Conclusions The high rates of cancers in Tehran during more than a decade of follow-up calls for a need to define risk factors as well as to implement programs for early screening.