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Genome-wide Association Analysis in Humans Links Nucleotide Metabolism to Leukocyte Telomere Length

Published on Mar 5, 2020in American Journal of Human Genetics9.924
· DOI :10.1016/J.AJHG.2020.02.006
Chen Li1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Cambridge),
Svetlana Stoma1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Leicester)
+ 93 AuthorsAlexessander Couto Alves24
Estimated H-index: 24
Abstract
Leukocyte telomere length (LTL) is a heritable biomarker of genomic aging. In this study, we perform a genome-wide meta-analysis of LTL by pooling densely genotyped and imputed association results across large-scale European-descent studies including up to 78,592 individuals. We identify 49 genomic regions at a false dicovery rate (FDR) 350,000 UK Biobank participants suggest that genetically shorter telomere length increases the risk of hypothyroidism and decreases the risk of thyroid cancer, lymphoma, and a range of proliferative conditions. Our results replicate previously reported associations with increased risk of coronary artery disease and lower risk for multiple cancer types. Our findings substantially expand current knowledge on genes that regulate LTL and their impact on human health and disease.
  • References (100)
  • Citations (1)
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References100
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Genetic factors underlying leukocyte telomere length (LTL) may provide insights into telomere homeostasis, with direct links to disease susceptibility. Genetic evaluation of 23,096 Singaporean Chinese samples identifies 10 genome-wide loci (P < 5 × 10−8). Several of these contain candidate genes (TINF2, PARP1, TERF1, ATM and POT1) with potential roles in telomere biology and DNA repair mechanisms. Meta-analyses with additional 37,505 European individuals reveals six more genome-wide loci, includ...
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Cancer Research UK Centre of Excellence Award to Barts Cancer Centre [C16420/A18066]; Barts and The London Charity Grant [MGU0344]; D.U. is funded by Pancreatic Cancer Research Fund Tissue Bank Grant. Funding for open access charge: Charity Open Access Fund (COAF) award.
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Background Leucocyte telomere length (TL) is a potential biomarker of ageing and risk for age-related disease. Leucocyte TL is heritable and shows substantial differences by race/ethnicity. Recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) report ~10 loci harbouring SNPs associated with leucocyte TL, but these studies focus primarily on populations of European ancestry. Objective This study aims to enhance our understanding of genetic determinants of TL across populations. Methods We performed a GWA...
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