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Identity wars: collective identity building in insurgency and counterinsurgency

Published on Feb 17, 2020in Small Wars & Insurgencies
· DOI :10.1080/09592318.2020.1713549
Heather S. Gregg (United States Army War College), Heather S. Gregg7
Estimated H-index: 7
Abstract
ABSTRACTCollective identity building is a critical component of most insurgent movements, including constructing a compelling cause with which individuals can identify and a sense of purpose and ca...
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  • Citations (0)
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References22
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The Islamic State is one of the most lethal and successful jihadist groups in modern history, surpassing even al-Qaeda. Thousands of its followers have marched across Syria and Iraq, subjugating millions, enslaving women, beheading captives, and daring anyone to stop them. Thousands more have spread terror beyond the Middle East under the Islamic State's black flag. How did the Islamic State attract so many followers and conquer so much land? By being more ruthless, more apocalyptic, and more de...
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#1Govinda Clayton (UKC: University of Kent)H-Index: 6
#2Andrew Thomson ('QUB': Queen's University Belfast)H-Index: 3
This article assesses the effect that leveraging civilian defense force militias has on the dynamics of violence in civil war. We argue that the delegation of security and combat roles to local civilians shifts the primary targets of insurgent violence toward civilians, in an attempt to deter future defections, and re-establish control over the local population. This argument is assessed through an analysis of the Sunni Awakening and ancillary Sons of Iraq paramilitary program. The results sugge...
15 CitationsSource
#1Heather S. Gregg (NPS: Naval Postgraduate School)H-Index: 7
Al Qaeda's ideology is not new; their critique of the existing political and social order and vision for how to redeem the Muslim world builds on preexisting arguments of several 20th century predecessors who called for an Islamic revolution that would create a new order based on Islam. The persistence of revolutionary Islam suggests that these ideas need to be countered in order to strike at the root of the problem driving Islamically motivated terrorism and insurgency. U.S. efforts to defeat A...
13 CitationsSource
The US military has made considerable progress in developing counterinsurgency (COIN) strategy and doctrine, including the publication of Army Field Manual 3-24 and the military's successes in working with the population to stem the insurgency in Iraq. The short-term goals of COIN are now fairly well understood: engage the population and win their support. Whichever side wins the support of the population--either the host nation (and US forces that support it) or the insurgents--wins the battle....
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#1David KilcullenH-Index: 6
mes moraux, en particulier a partir du moment ou plusieurs Etats ont fait reposer leur securite sur des plans de ciblage visant les centres de population de l'adversaire. Pour l'auteur, l'abandon de ces plans « anti-cites » ou « contre-valeurs », amorce dans l'apres-guerre froide, constitue une avancee notable, qui doit a plus long terme se poursuivre par un veritable effort en vue d'accomplir le devoir moral du desarmement nucleaire.
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This monograph examines prewar planning efforts for the reconstruction of postwar Iraq. It then examines the role of U.S. military forces after major combat officially ended on May 1, 2003, through June 2004. Finally, it examines civilian efforts at reconstruction, focusing on the activities of the Coalition Provisional Authority and its efforts to rebuild structures of governance, security forces, economic policy, and essential services.
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Today between forty and sixty nations, home to more than one billion people, have either collapsed or are teetering on the brink of failure. The world's worst problems--terrorism, drugs and human trafficking, absolute poverty, ethnic conflict, disease, genocide--originate in such states, and the international community has devoted billions of dollars to solving the problem. Yet by and large the effort has not succeeded. Ashraf Ghani and Clare Lockhart have taken an active part in the effort to s...
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Abstract : This guidebook presents a doctrine for conducting effective nation-building operations. It is designed to be an accessible handbook that describes effective policies for rebuilding a nation after -- and, in some cases, during -- a conflict. It is based on historical research into the conduct of such operations by the United States, Europe, the United Nations, and other states and organizations over the past 60 years. The doctrine identifies the most important components of nation-buil...
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