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Beliefs About One’s Non-Suicidal Self-Injury: The Experiences of Self-Injury Questionnaire (ESIQ)

Published on Jan 30, 2020in Archives of Suicide Research2.316
· DOI :10.1080/13811118.2020.1712285
Devon B. Sandel , Khowla Jomar2
Estimated H-index: 2
+ 4 AuthorsPeter J. Taylor26
Estimated H-index: 26
Abstract
AbstractObjective: The goal of this study was to develop and validate a measure of self-rated positive and negative beliefs about one’s non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), the Experiences of Self-Inju...
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References54
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#1Andy P. Siddaway (University of Stirling)H-Index: 6
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Self-injurious cognitions (SICs) are cognitions about deliberately injuring oneself (self-injurious behavior [SIB]). Existing measures of the content of SICs provide varying coverage, highlighting a lack of consensus regarding which cognitions characterize SIB. Additionally, a central, unresolved conceptual and measurement issue concerns whether to conceptualize suicide attempts (SA) and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), 2 forms of SIB, as separate constructs. We developed the Suicide Attempt Beli...
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#1Penelope Hasking (Curtin University)H-Index: 31
#2Mark E. Boyes (Curtin University)H-Index: 21
Background Models of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) typically focus on the role of emotion regulation in NSSI, yet recent work supports a role for NSSI-related cognitions. NSSI outcome expectancies may offer important clues about who is at risk of NSSI, who is able to cease the behaviour, and who is at risk of relapse. Yet, so far, there is no reliable and valid means of assessing these cognitions. We developed, and reported on initial validation, of an NSSI Expectancy Questionnaire. Methods A ...
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Abstract Background A broad variety of different functions can underlie acts of Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). Whilst research so far has identified many of the commonly reported functions, no reliable estimates of prevalence currently exist for these different NSSI functions. Understanding the prevalence of NSSI functions represents a key to better understanding the phenomenology of NSSI and addressing the differing needs of the NSSI population. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analy...
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Six young adults (aged 19–21 years) with repeat self-harm for over 5 years were interviewed about their self-harm, why they continued and what factors might help them to stop. Interpretative phenomenological analysis identified six themes: keeping self-harm private and hidden; self-harm as self-punishment; self-harm provides relief and comfort; habituation and escalation of self-harm; emotional gains and practical costs of cutting, and not believing they will stop completely. Young adults presen...
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Suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STBs) are major public health problems that have not declined appreciably in several decades. One of the first steps to improving the prevention and treatment of STBs is to establish risk factors (i.e., longitudinal predictors). To provide a summary of current knowledge about risk factors, we conducted a meta-analysis of studies that have attempted to longitudinally predict a specific STB-related outcome. This included 365 studies (3,428 total risk factor effect ...
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Abstract The restriction of potentially lethal means during periods of high risk has been identified as one of the more promising suicide prevention strategies. The purpose of this paper is to introduce clinicians to means restriction counseling and to describe a Motivational Interviewing (MI) based approach for use with ambivalent or challenging patients. This paper examines empirical support behind legislative efforts for means restriction along with the limitations. It explains the need for m...
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Background: Self-harm is a major public health problem yet current healthcare provision is widely regarded as inadequate. One of the barriers to effective healthcare is the lack of a clear understanding of the functions self-harm may serve for the individual. The aim of this review is to identify first-hand accounts of the reasons for self-harm from the individual’s perspective. Method: A systematic review of the literature reporting first-hand accounts of the reasons for self-harm other than in...
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#1Jane Ogden (University of Surrey)H-Index: 43
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Adults (n = 25) completed online free text boxes about their self-harming behaviour. Thematic analysis identified three dominant themes: ‘managing the private self’, ‘managing the public self’ and ‘moving on’. Transcending these themes was the notion of thresholds of change. Self-harm enables people to manage both their private and public selves. When thresholds of change are surpassed, the public self communicates a need for help. Self-harm exists within a precarious balance of well-being and c...
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OBJECTIVES: Negative beliefs about psychosis and other mental health difficulties may contribute to depression and distress in individuals with these experiences. The Personal Beliefs about Experience Questionnaire (PBEQ) and Personal Beliefs about Illness Questionnaire (PBIllQ) are two widely used measures of these beliefs. It is currently uncertain how the items on these measures map onto different underlying factors. This study therefore aimed to test the factor structure of these two measure...
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Objective:The ego-syntonic nature of anorexia nervosa means that sufferers often deny their symptoms or experience them as positive or comforting. Positive beliefs about eating disorder symptoms may contribute to the development and/or maintenance of eating-disordered behaviour. To date, however, research in this field has been confined to women and anorexia nervosa. Given increasing scientific interest in muscle dysmorphia, a potential eating disorder with ego-syntonic qualities, there is a nee...
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