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The spread of metal and metal production technology in the Far Northeast and Alaska over the second millennium BC to the first millennium AD

Published on May 27, 2019in World Archaeology
· DOI :10.1080/00438243.2019.1708785
V.M. Dyakonov (RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences), Kunney A. Pestereva1
Estimated H-index: 1
(NU: Northeastern University)
+ 1 AuthorsOwen K. Mason7
Estimated H-index: 7
(INSTAAR: Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research)
Abstract
ABSTRACTFindings and traces of early metallurgical production in the Far Northeast of Asia and Alaska show that the spread of bronze and iron metallurgy took place mainly along the Lena River towar...
  • References (9)
  • Citations (1)
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References9
Newest
#1H. Kory Cooper (Purdue University)H-Index: 3
#2Owen K. Mason (INSTAAR: Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research)H-Index: 7
Last. Robert J. Speakman (UGA: University of Georgia)H-Index: 23
view all 5 authors...
Abstract Six metal and composite metal artifacts were excavated from a late prehistoric archaeological context at Cape Espenberg on the northern coast of the Seward Peninsula in Alaska. X-ray fluorescence identified two of these artifacts as smelted industrial alloys with large proportions of tin and lead. The presence of smelted alloys in a prehistoric Inuit context in northwest Alaska is demonstrated here for the first time and indicates the movement of Eurasian metal across the Bering Strait ...
5 CitationsSource
Abstract The principal diagnostic feature of the Bronze Age (2nd millennium BC) Ulakhan-Segelennyakh culture of southern, southwestern, and western Yakutia, which was first described by the present author, is pottery decorated with punched nodes in combination with dentate impressions and stamp imprints. This type of pottery differs from Ust-Mil pottery and resembles both ancestral Ymyiakhtakh ceramics and ceramics made by immigrants. The Ulakhan-Segelennyakh culture did not spread across all Ya...
1 CitationsSource
Several different ethnolinguistic groups in south-central Alaska and southwestern Yukon used native copper. This indige nous innovation diffused throughout the region with the majority of use occurring from A.D. 1000 to 1700. The relatively recent origin of this technology and its continued use long after European contact provide an opportunity to examine the process of innovation among hunter-gatherers using archaeology, metallurgy, and ethnohistory. The analysis of these data using a Behaviora...
17 CitationsSource
An Early Iron Age burial has recently been discovered 5 km northeast of Dyupsya Village in Central Yakutia. The shallow burial pit was found to contain the body of a man buried in fl exed position with the head facing southeast. The burial goods include the remains of two end plate overlays belonging to a small bow, a fl int endscraper, eight fl int arrowheads with horn mediators for arrows, a long bone dagger or javelin head, a bone awl, fragment of an iron object, and fl int fl akes. To date, ...
1 CitationsSource
#1A.N. Alekseyev (North-Eastern Federal University)H-Index: 1
#2V.M. Dyakonov (North-Eastern Federal University)H-Index: 1
Based on 92 radiocarbon dates (some unpublished) obtained from 30 sites subjected to dendrochronological calibration, previous chronologies of the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age cultures of Yakutia are revised and a new “calendar chronology” proposed. During the Bronze Age, two newly described cultures existed in addition to the Ust-Mil culture: Ulakhan Segelennyakh and Sugunnakh, the latter being a derivative of Ymyiakhtakh. In the 2nd millennium BC, the Ulakhan Segelennyakh culture became distr...
5 CitationsSource
#1Sylvain AmoryH-Index: 8
#2Eric CrubézyH-Index: 30
Last. Bertrand LudesH-Index: 32
view all 5 authors...
ABSTRACT The Yakuts, Middle Age Turkic speakers (15th–16th centuries), are widely accepted as the first settlers of the Altai-Baikal area in eastern Siberia. They are supposed to have introduced horses and developed metallurgy in this geographic area during the 15th or 16th century a.d. The analysis of the Siberian grave of Pokrovsk, recently discovered near the Lena River (61°29′ N) and dated by accelerator mass spectrometry from 2,400 to 2,200 years b.p., may provide new elements to test this ...
8 CitationsSource
#1Owen K. Mason (UAF: University of Alaska Fairbanks)H-Index: 8
Abstract Warfare, whaling, and participation in long distance trade intensified in the Bering Strait region 600–1000 A.D. The development of complex social organization involved the control of resource hot spots from coastal promontories and access to iron from distant East Asian centers. Stylistic similarities, recognized as early as the 1920's, provide the basis to recognize peer polity interaction. Despite >800 excavated burials from Point Hope, St. Lawrence Island and East Cape (Siberia), on...
55 CitationsSource
#1M. G. LevinH-Index: 1
#2D. A. SergeyevH-Index: 1
2 CitationsSource
Evidence indicates that the interior culture of Chukotka was using bronze implements at the end of the second and beginning of the first millennium B.C. and the population had become somewhat sedentary. The similarity between late Neolithic and early Bronze Age of Chukotka and the pre-Eskimo Arctic cultures of America is apparent; it also is probable that during this period Chukotka formed part of the area of development of the Yukagir and the Chukchi. The first significant archaeological collec...
3 CitationsSource
Cited By1
Newest
#1Lisa Janz (Trent University)H-Index: 3
#2James Conolly (Trent University)H-Index: 16
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