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The anthropology of Al-Shabaab: the salient factors for the insurgency movement’s recruitment project

Published on Feb 17, 2020in Small Wars & Insurgencies
· DOI :10.1080/09592318.2020.1713548
Mohamed Haji Ingiriis , Mohamed Haji Ingiriis (Saint Peter's University)
Abstract
ABSTRACTHarakaat Al-Shabaab Al-Mujaahiduun (henceforth Al-Shabaab) is an active insurgent group in southern Somalia battling against the foreign forces and foreign-backed Somali forces. Despite rec...
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References29
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#1Paul AlmeidaH-Index: 10
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AbstractExternal intervention has frustrated and continues to frustrate peace and stability in the Horn of Africa and Somalia, adding various adverse layers to an already complicated and complex conflict. The level of forceful military engagement intended for regional domination has profoundly affected negatively the efforts of peacebuilding and statebuilding in Somalia. This article examines how the earlier Ethiopian policies towards Somalia has reshaped the (post)-Cold War politics of the Horn...
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#1Walid Jumblatt Abdullah ('KCL': King's College London)H-Index: 3
AbstractCounter-ideological work is touted as crucial in combating terrorism. This article attempts to analyse the role of counter-ideology in dealing with a particular type of terrorism: Muslim jihadist extremism. This paper reiterates findings from existing research, in arguing that counter-ideology is indispensable for three reasons: firstly, to prevent Muslims from genuinely believing that terrorism is sanctioned by the faith; secondly, it is instructive to assure non-Muslims that Islam per ...
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The paper examines some theoretical assumptions to the recent and recurring wave of terror attacks across the African continent. The paper notes that poverty, inequality, citizenship, state formation, dependency, development theories, together with the fluidity of African geographical boundaries are major contributing factors to terrorism on the continent. However, the paper focuses on post-modernism, structural functionalism and colonialism as the perennial theoretical assumptions that have mas...
#1Sirkku HellstenH-Index: 1
With little chance of getting any education or jobs, young slum dwellers in Kenya are easy prey for terrorist recruiters from al-Shabaab and ISIS. Politicians must therefore address the social deve ...
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#1David M. Anderson (Warw.: University of Warwick)H-Index: 20
#2Jacob McKnight (University of Oxford)H-Index: 4
Harakat al-Shabaab al-Mujahideen has proven itself to be a highly adaptable organisation. Their most recent evolution has seen them transform from an overt, military and governmental force in southern Somalia to a covert, insurgent and anarchic force in Kenya. This article indicates how al-Shabaab has reinvented itself in Kenya. Both ‘clan’ and ‘Islam’ are often thought of as immutable factors in al-Shabaab's make-up, but here we show that the organisation is pragmatic in its handling of clan re...
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#1Mohamed Haji Ingiriis (University of Oxford)H-Index: 2
This article offers new insights into the nature of politics as it is played out in contemporary Mogadishu, the capital of Somalia. It both examines and offers solutions to the multilayered, multifaceted, and multidimensional factors hindering Somalia in its attempt to properly reconstitute itself as a viable State. Based on five-month's research fieldwork in Somalia (May-September 2015), the article argues that the political crisis and the solution could only be located within the unique politi...
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Islamist extremism through al-Shabaab is increasing its foothold in Kenya. In contrast to the common perception—as depicted through government responses—radicalization and recruitment extends well beyond Somali and Kenyan–Somali nationals. Instead of exclusively focusing on external or environmental factors, the study on which this article is based analyzed the personal background of those being radicalized. This article will focus on the role the family and peers play in the political socializa...
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