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Negative health symptoms reported by youth e-cigarette users: Results from a national survey of US youth.

Published on Jan 13, 2020in Addictive Behaviors2.963
路 DOI :10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106315
Jessica King (UofU: University of Utah), Beth A. Reboussin40
Estimated H-index: 40
(Wake Forest University)
+ 3 AuthorsErin L. Sutfin23
Estimated H-index: 23
(Wake Forest University)
Abstract
Abstract Background E-cigarettes are the most prevalent tobacco product among US youth, but little is known about the health symptoms users experience. Methods Between August 2016 and May 2017, we conducted a nationally representative cross-sectional telephone survey of 975 US youth ages 13-17. Respondents who reported ever trying e-cigarettes were asked whether they ever experienced six physical health symptoms they thought were caused by e-cigarette use. We examined whether symptoms varied by demographics and tobacco use. Results Approximately 12.4% of respondents (n=141) reported ever trying e-cigarettes. Of lifetime e-cigarette users, 37.0% reported past 30-day e-cigarette use, 17.2% reported past 30-day cigarette use, and 23.7% reported past 30-day use of another tobacco product. Most (63.3%) reported a symptom, most often cough (42.3%), followed by dizziness or lightheadedness (31.5%), headache or migraine (25.4%), dry or irritated mouth or throat (14.9%), shortness of breath (13.7%), change in or loss of taste (3.5%), and other (5.7%; nausea, dry eyes, earache, and tight chest). Headaches were more common among past 30-day e-cigarette users than non-users (43.8% vs. 14.6%). Shortness of breath was more common among past 30-day cigarette (33.8% vs. 9.5%) and other tobacco users (31.6% vs. 8.2%). Past 30-day cigarette users were also more likely to report any symptom (86.0% vs. 58.6%). Conclusions Most youth e-cigarette users attribute health symptoms to their e-cigarette use. Past 30-day users were more likely to report certain symptoms than non-users. Findings can educate health practitioners and school nurses about common symptoms youth may experience and inform prevention messages.
  • References (21)
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References21
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#1Michelle Jeong (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 5
#2Dongyu Zhang (Georgetown University)H-Index: 2
Last. Noel T. Brewer (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 52
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#1Jessica L. King (Wake Forest University)H-Index: 10
#2Beth A. Reboussin (Wake Forest University)H-Index: 40
Last. Erin L. Sutfin (Wake Forest University)H-Index: 23
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Abstract Background Little is known about the prevalence of adverse symptoms electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) users report experiencing. Methods Between August 2016 and May 2017, we conducted a nationally representative cross-sectional telephone survey of 4964 US adults age 18 and over. Respondents who reported ever trying e-cigarettes were asked whether they ever experienced six symptoms they thought were caused by e-cigarette use. In weighted analyses, we assessed whether symptoms varied by ...
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#1Jessica L. King (Wake Forest University)H-Index: 10
#2David M. Reboussin (Wake Forest University)H-Index: 50
Last. Erin L. Sutfin (Wake Forest University)H-Index: 23
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Abstract Purpose Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) are adolescents鈥 most commonly used tobacco product and young adults鈥 second most used. Little is known about ENDS use alongside other tobacco products (polytobacco use) and whether exclusive ENDS users differ from polytobacco ENDS users. Methods In spring 2016, we surveyed a nationally representative sample of 3,517 13鈥25-year olds (36.9% 13鈥17-year olds), and examined sociodemographic and relative risk perceptions between two groups ...
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#2Ziyad Ben Taleb (FIU: Florida International University)H-Index: 7
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Abstract Introduction Poly-tobacco use is common among youth and young adults. This study examined sociodemographic, tobacco-related, and substance use characteristics of poly-tobacco use compared to mono-tobacco use among youth and young adults (12鈥34 years) in the United States. Methods We conducted a descriptive analysis by age-group of 12898 youth (12鈥17 years), 8843 younger young adults (18鈥24 years), and 6081 older young adults (24鈥34 years) from the 2013鈥2014 Population Assessment of Toba...
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