Pyroptotic and apoptotic cell death in iNOS and nNOS overexpressing K562 cells: a mechanistic insight

Published on Dec 25, 2019in Biochemical Pharmacology4.825
· DOI :10.1016/j.bcp.2019.113779
Samreen Sadaf1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Central Drug Research Institute),
Deepika Awasthi7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Central Drug Research Institute)
+ 4 AuthorsMadhu Dikshit34
Estimated H-index: 34
(Central Drug Research Institute)
Abstract Previous studies from this lab and others have demonstrated that nitric oxide (NO) in a concentration dependent manner, modulated neutrophil and leukemic cell survival. Subsequent studies delineated importance of iNOS in neutrophil differentiation and leukemic cell death. On the contrary, role of nNOS in survival of these cells remains least understood. Present study was therefore undertaken to assess and compare the role of iNOS and nNOS in the survival of NOS overexpressing myelocytic K562 cells. Cells with almost similar iNOS and nNOS activities displayed comparable cell cycle perturbation, Annexin V positivity, mitochondrial dysfunction, augmented DCF fluorescence, and also attenuated expression of antioxidants. Moreover, induction in cell death was also accompanied by the activation of pJNK/p38MAPK/Erk1/2 and reduction in PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling. Treatment of NOS isoform overexpressing K562 cells with NAC, a potent free radical scavenger prevented cell death and also the modulations in the signaling proteins. In addition, enhanced expression of CASP1 and CASP4 genes, along with increased Caspase-1 cleavage and increased IL-1β release were significantly more in K562iNOS cells, which indicate priming of these cells for pyroptotic cell death. On the other hand, K562nNOS cells, displayed much enhanced CASP3 gene expression, Caspase-3 cleavage and Caspase-3 activity. Results obtained indicate that similar level of iNOS or nNOS activation in K562 cells, preferred pyroptotic and apoptotic cell death respectively
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