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Methodological choices in event-related potential (ERP) research and their impact on internal consistency reliability and individual differences: An examination of the error-related negativity (ERN) and anxiety.

Published on Jan 8, 2020in Journal of Abnormal Psychology5.519
路 DOI :10.1037/abn0000458
Julia Klawohn8
Estimated H-index: 8
(FSU: Florida State University),
Alexandria Meyer14
Estimated H-index: 14
(FSU: Florida State University)
+ 1 AuthorsGreg Hajcak66
Estimated H-index: 66
(FSU: Florida State University)
Abstract
  • References (31)
  • Citations (1)
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References31
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#1Greg Hajcak (FSU: Florida State University)H-Index: 66
#2Julia Klawohn (FSU: Florida State University)H-Index: 8
Last. Alexandria Meyer (FSU: Florida State University)H-Index: 14
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Event-related potentials (ERPs) are direct measures of brain activity that can be leveraged for clinically meaningful research. They can relate robustly both to continuous measures of individual di...
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#1Lyndsey Juliane Chong (FSU: Florida State University)H-Index: 1
#2Alexandria Meyer (FSU: Florida State University)H-Index: 14
ABSTRACTDespite growing evidence that an elevated error-related negativity (ERN) is a risk marker for anxiety, it is unclear what psychological construct underlies this association. To address this gap, we devised a 9-item self-report scale for assessing error sensitivity (i.e. the fear of making mistakes) in children. The Child Error Sensitivity Index was administered to 97 children ages 5鈥7 years old and demonstrated good internal reliability and convergent validity. The Child Error Sensitivit...
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#1Alexandria Meyer (FSU: Florida State University)H-Index: 14
#2Corinne N. Carlton (FSU: Florida State University)H-Index: 1
Last. Alex Kallen (FSU: Florida State University)H-Index: 1
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Abstract Anxiety is the most common form of psychopathology and tends to begin early in the course of development. Given this, there is great interest in identifying developmental changes in neural systems that may delineate healthy versus anxious trajectories. A substantial amount of work has focused on the error-related negativity as a neural marker of anxiety. The ERN is a negative deflection in the event-related potential that occurs when individuals make mistakes and is increased in anxious...
1 CitationsSource
Abstract Background Anxiety disorders are the most common form of psychopathology and often begin early in development. Therefore, there is interest in identifying neural biomarkers that characterize pathways leading to anxiety disorders early in the course of development. A substantial amount of work focuses on the error-related negativity (ERN) as a biomarker of anxiety. While two previous reviews have focused on the relationship of the ERN and anxiety in adults, no previous review has focused...
21 CitationsSource
#1Brady D. Nelson (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 19
#2Felicia Jackson (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 8
Last. Greg Hajcak (FSU: Florida State University)H-Index: 66
view all 4 authors...
Abstract The error-related negativity (ERN) is an electrophysiological response to errors. Individual differences in the ERN have been posited to reflect sensitivity to threat and linked with risk for anxiety disorders. Attention bias modification is a promising computerized intervention that has been shown to decrease threat biases and anxiety symptoms. In the present study, we examined the impact of a single session of attention bias modification, relative to a control task, on the neural corr...
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#1Anja RieselH-Index: 15
#2Julia KlawohnH-Index: 8
Last. Tanja EndrassH-Index: 27
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Abstract Psychology as a field is in the midst of what is sometimes called a 鈥渃risis鈥 because false findings are prevalent. Although the focus of the methodological and substantive criticisms of psychology has focused on social psychology, psychophysiology research is not without its problems. The author discusses (a) researcher flexibility and its impact on the stability of conclusions and (b) the role power plays in the probability that a finding is true and the precision of estimates. The aut...
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#1Alexandria Meyer (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 14
#2Matthew D. Lerner (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 19
Last. Greg Hajcak (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 66
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There is growing interest in psychophysiological and neural correlates of psychopathology, personality, and other individual differences. Many studies correlate a criterion individual difference variable (e.g., anxiety) with a psychophysiological measurement derived by subtracting scores taken from two within-subject conditions. These subtraction-based difference scores are intended to increase specificity by isolating variability of interest. Using data on the error-related negativity (ERN) and...
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#1Steven J. Luck (UC Davis: University of California, Davis)H-Index: 80
#2Nicholas Gaspelin (UC Davis: University of California, Davis)H-Index: 12
ERP experiments generate massive datasets, often containing thousands of values for each participant, even after averaging. The richness of these datasets can be very useful in testing sophisticated hypotheses, but this richness also creates many opportunities to obtain effects that are statistically significant but do not reflect true differences among groups or conditions (bogus effects). The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate how common and seemingly innocuous methods for quantifying and...
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#1June Gruber (CU: University of Colorado Boulder)H-Index: 31
#2Jutta Joormann (Yale University)H-Index: 54
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