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Recreational football is medicine against non‐communicable diseases: A systematic review

Published on Apr 1, 2020in Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports3.631
· DOI :10.1111/sms.13611
Hugo Miguel Sarmento10
Estimated H-index: 10
(UC: University of Coimbra),
Filipe Manuel Clemente1
Estimated H-index: 1
(IPN: Instituto Politécnico Nacional)
+ 3 AuthorsAntónio Dias de Figueiredo11
Estimated H-index: 11
(UC: University of Coimbra)
Abstract
The purpose of this research was to conduct a systematic review of published articles related to the effect of recreational football on non-communicable diseases. A systematic review of Web of Science, SPORTDiscus, MEDLINE, and PubMed databases was performed according to PRISMA guidelines. Only empirical studies were included. There were no restrictions on the types of study design eligible for inclusion. The primary outcome measures result from the potential effects of recreational football on non-communicable diseases (eg, blood pressure, bone density, LDL cholesterol, and fat mass). A total of 44 articles met the inclusion criteria and were included. Recreational football is shown to: (a) decrease blood pressure and resting heart rate, improve cardiac structure and functioning, as well as increase maximal oxygen uptake in both sexes; (b) reduce cholesterol and triglycerides levels, increase insulin sensitivity, and have a positive impact on glycemic control; (c) improve bone mineralization, increase both bone mineral density and content, as well as acting as a stimulus for osteogenesis; and (d) be clearly beneficial for bone health, while slightly beneficial for body composition, muscle strength, and maximal oxygen uptake in adults with prostate cancer. The present systematic review demonstrated the benefits of recreational football practice on non-communicable diseases related to cardiovascular and bone health, body composition, type 2 diabetes, and prostate cancer. The effectiveness of recreational football on the aforementioned diseases may be related to age and gender; however, further research is required.
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References68
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#1May-Britt Skoradal (University of the Faroe Islands)H-Index: 2
#2Eva Wulff Helge (UCPH: University of Copenhagen)H-Index: 12
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This study compared the effects of recreational football and high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on body composition, muscular fitness, and cardiorespiratory fitness in overweight and obese children. Forty-two overweight/obese males aged 11-13 years [body mass index (BMI) >20.5 kg/m2 ] were randomly assigned to a recreational football training group (n = 14; 157.9 ± 5.8 cm; 63.7 ± 12.6 kg), HIIT group (n = 14; 163.8 ± 9.4 cm; 71.5 ± 10.5 kg), or nontraining control group (n = 14; 162.7 ± 9.3...
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Introduction The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of playing football on postprandial lipaemia in normal and overweight individuals.
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#1Peter Krustrup (University of Exeter)H-Index: 60
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The review describes the fitness and health effects of recreational football in women aged 18–65 years. The review documents that 2 × 1 h of recreational football training for 12–16 weeks causes marked improvements in maximal oxygen uptake (5–15%) and myocardial function in women. Moreover, mean arterial blood pressure was shown to decrease by 2–5 mmHg in normotensive women and 6–8 mmHg in hypertensive women. This review also show that short-term (< 4 months) and medium-term (4–16 months) recrea...
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Abstract Objectives Research investigating the longitudinal effects of the most popular sports on bone development in adolescent males is scarce. The aim is to investigate the effect of 12-month participation in osteogenic and non-osteogenic sports on bone development. Design A 12-month study was conducted in adolescent males involved in football, swimming and cycling and compared with an active control group. Methods 116 adolescent males (13.1 ± 0.1 years at baseline): 37 footballers, 37 swimme...
8 CitationsSource
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Abstract Purpose The purpose of the present controlled cross-sectional study was to investigate proximal femur and whole-body bone mineral density (BMD), as well as bone turnover profile, in lifelong trained elderly male football players and young elite football players compared with untrained age-matched men. Methods One hundred and forty healthy, non-smoking men participated in the study, including lifelong trained football players (FTE, n = 35) aged 65-80 years, elite football players (FTY, n...
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Objectives To compare the weight categorisation of a cohort of UK children using standard procedures (ie, comparing body mass index (BMI) centiles to age-matched UK reference data) versus an approach adjusted for maturation status (ie, matching relative to biological age). Design Analysis of data collected from an observational study of UK primary school children. Setting Schools in South West England. Participants Four hundred and seven 9–11 year-old children (98% white British). Main outcome m...
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