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Relationship between meeting physical activity guidelines and motor competence among low-income school youth.

Published on Jun 1, 2020in Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport3.623
· DOI :10.1016/J.JSAMS.2019.12.014
Alessandro Hervaldo Nicolai Ré8
Estimated H-index: 8
(USP: University of São Paulo),
D OkelyAnthony55
Estimated H-index: 55
(UOW: University of Wollongong)
+ 3 AuthorsDavid F. Stodden23
Estimated H-index: 23
(USC: University of South Carolina)
Abstract
Abstract Objectives Global health guidelines suggest that youth should accumulate at least 60 minutes of daily, moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA). The relationship between meeting physical activity (PA) guidelines and motor competence (MC) in youth is relatively unknown. This study assessed levels of MVPA and MC among socially vulnerable youth and determined if meeting the PA guidelines was associated with MC. Design Cross-sectional. Method A total of 1,017 youths aged 3-14 years from three schools participated in the study. Participants wore accelerometers for seven consecutive days to assess PA. Motor competence was assessed using the Test of Gross Motor Development, 2nd Edition and the Korperkoordinationstest fur Kinder. MVPA and MC were compared by sex and school levels (preschool, elementary school and middle school). Binary logistic regression models examined the predictive power of meeting PA guidelines and age on MC. Results The prevalence of meeting PA guidelines declined across school levels among both girls (72% in preschool to 21% in middle school, p  Conclusion Except for adolescent boys, meeting PA guidelines was not associated with higher MC. Public health policies should focus on the quantity and quality of MVPA within schools and on alleviating the decline in PA and MC across childhood and adolescence, with special attention to girls and disadvantaged families.
  • References (28)
  • Citations (0)
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References28
Newest
#1Ana Carolina Reyes (University of Porto)H-Index: 2
#2Raquel ChavesH-Index: 17
Last. José Maia (University of Porto)H-Index: 34
view all 8 authors...
ABSTRACTThis study modelled children’s gross motor coordination, investigated sex-differences and identified the effects of fixed and dynamic correlates on motor coordination development. A total o...
Source
#1Ali Brian (USC: University of South Carolina)H-Index: 7
#2Adam Pennell (Pepperdine University)
Last. David F. Stodden (USC: University of South Carolina)H-Index: 23
view all 9 authors...
Source
#1Ali Brian (USC: University of South Carolina)H-Index: 7
#2Adam Pennell (Pepperdine University)
Last. David F. Stodden (USC: University of South Carolina)H-Index: 23
view all 9 authors...
Background and Objectives Developmental delay in motor competence may limit a child’s ability to successfully participate in structured and informal learning/social opportunities that are critical to holistic development. Current motor competence levels in the USA are relatively unknown. The purposes of this study were to explore motor competence levels of US children aged 3–6 years, report percentages of children demonstrating developmental delay, and investigate both within and across childcar...
Source
#1Lisa M. Barnett (Deakin University)H-Index: 29
#2Rohan M. Telford (UC: University of Canberra)H-Index: 12
Last. Richard D. Telford (UC: University of Canberra)H-Index: 30
view all 6 authors...
ABSTRACTChildren’s fundamental movement skill levels (FMS) predict moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Asian children have been reported as less active than English-Europeans, possibly d...
1 CitationsSource
Purpose: The first aim was to develop a dynamic measure of physical competence that requires a participant to demonstrate fundamental, combined and complex movement skills, and for assessors to score both processes and products (Dragon Challenge; DC). The second aim was to assess the psychometric properties of the DC in 10-14 year old children. Methods: The first phase involved the development of the DC, including the review process that established face and content validity. The second phase us...
Source
#1Alessandro Hervaldo Nicolai Ré (USP: University of São Paulo)H-Index: 8
#2Samuel W. Logan (OSU: Oregon State University)H-Index: 10
Last. David F. Stodden (USC: University of South Carolina)H-Index: 23
view all 6 authors...
ABSTRACTThis study compared performances and motor delay classifications for the Test of Gross Motor Development-2nd edition (TGMD-2) and the Korperkoordinationstest Fur Kinder (KTK) in a sample of 424 healthy children (47% girls) between 5 and 10 years of age. Low-to-moderate correlations (r range = 0.34–0.52) were found between assessments across age. In general, both boys and girls demonstrated higher raw scores across age groups. However, percentile scores indicated younger children outperfo...
6 CitationsSource
#1An De Meester (UGent: Ghent University)H-Index: 6
#2David F. Stodden (USC: University of South Carolina)H-Index: 23
Last. Leen Haerens (UGent: Ghent University)H-Index: 29
view all 7 authors...
Abstract Objectives This study examined the existence of a threshold level (proficiency barrier) of actual motor competence (MC) below which a child is not likely to attain 60 min of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) per day. Design A cross-sectional study. Methods Actual MC was assessed in 326 children (48.5% boys; age = 9.50 ± 1.24 years) using the Test of Gross Motor Development-2; MVPA was measured with ActiGraph GT3X + accelerometers. Perceived MC, included as a potential mediat...
16 CitationsSource
Source
#2Karen A. Pfeiffer (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 34
Last. David F. Stodden (USC: University of South Carolina)H-Index: 23
view all 7 authors...
Background:The current study evaluated the reciprocal longitudinal relationship between physical activity (PA) and motor competence (MC) and the potential mediation of cardiorespiratory endurance across 7 years. Methods:This was a 7-year longitudinal study, the Copenhagen School Child Intervention Study (CoSCIS), with 3 measuring points [mean ages (in years) and respective sample size: 6.75 ± 0.37, n = 696; 9.59 ± 1.07, n = 617; 13.35 ± 0.34, n = 513]. PA was assessed using accelerometers. MC wa...
22 CitationsSource
#1Lisa M. Barnett (Deakin University)H-Index: 29
#2Samuel K. Lai (Deakin University)H-Index: 5
Last. D OkelyAnthony (UOW: University of Wollongong)H-Index: 55
view all 13 authors...
Background Gross motor competence confers health benefits, but levels in children and adolescents are low. While interventions can improve gross motor competence, it remains unclear which correlates should be targeted to ensure interventions are most effective, and for whom targeted and tailored interventions should be developed.
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