Cardiometabolic responses to cardiac rehabilitation in people with and without diabetes
Published on Feb 15, 2020in International Journal of Cardiology3.471
· DOI :10.1016/j.ijcard.2019.11.134
Abstract Background Type 2 diabetes and cardiometabolic comorbidities manifesting as the metabolic syndrome (MetS) are highly prevalent in coronary heart disease (CHD) patients attending cardiac rehabilitation (CR). The study aimed to determine the prevalence of cardiometabolic derangements and MetS, and compare post-CR clinical responses in a large cohort of CHD patients with and without diabetes. Methods Analyses were conducted on 3953 CHD patients [age: 61.1 ± 10.5 years; 741 (18.7%) with diabetes] that completed a representative 12-week CR program. A propensity model was used to match patients with diabetes (n = 731) to those without diabetes (n = 731) on baseline and clinical characteristics. Results Diabetic patients experienced smaller improvements in metabolic parameters after completing CR, including abdominal obesity, and lipid profiles (all P ≤ .002), compared to non-diabetic patients. For both groups, there were similar improvement rates in peak metabolic equivalents ([METs]; P Conclusions Completing CR appears to provide comprehensive risk reduction in cardio-metabolic parameters associated with diabetes and MetS; however, CHD patients with diabetes may require additional and more aggressive attention towards all MetS criteria over the course of CR in order to prevent future cardiovascular events.