Submarine Landslide Deposits in Orogenic Belts: Olistostromes and Sedimentary Mélanges

Published on Nov 4, 2019
· DOI :10.1002/9781119500513.ch1
Kei Ogata14
Estimated H-index: 14
Andrea Festa19
Estimated H-index: 19
+ 1 AuthorsJ. L. Alonso15
Estimated H-index: 15
  • References (176)
  • Citations (0)
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In the northwestern part of Northern Apennines, between Curone and Staffora Valleys, the tectonic superposition between the External Ligurian Units (i.e. the ophiolitic-bearing chaotic complex of the Groppallo Unit and the non-ophiolitic Cassio Unit), the Middle Eocene – Miocene wedge-top basin Epiligurian Units succession, and the Late Messinian – Pliocene Po Plain succession, records the multistage tectono-stratigraphic evolution from subduction to continental collision. Our geological map, at...
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The eclogite facies Zermatt-Saas ophiolite in the Western Alps includes a composite chaotic unit exposed in the Lake Miserin area, in the southern Aosta Valley region. The chaotic unit is characterized by a block-in-matrix texture consisting of ultramafic clasts and blocks embedded within a carbonate matrix. This unit overlies massive serpentinite and ophicarbonate rocks and is unconformably overlain by layered calcschist. Despite the effects of subduction and collision-related deformation and m...
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Olistostromes (sedimentary melanges) represent the products of ancient submarine mass transport processes. We present a comparative analysis of the occurrences and internal structures of these sedimentary melanges at a global scale with a focus on the Circum-Mediterranean, Appalachian and Circum-Pacific regions, and discuss their formation and time-progressive evolution in different tectonic settings. Lithological compositions, stratigraphy, and structural features of olistostromes reflect the o...
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Abstract At the NW of the Iberian Variscan Massif the Parautochthon is envisaged as an intervening structural unit located between the far-traveled allochthonous stacked units and the autochthon. It has been recently divided in two structural slices; the Upper constitutes a repetition of the upper Cambrian to Silurian sequence of the Central Iberian Zone autochthon, while the Lower has been proposed as a thick Variscan synorogenic deposit. A large volcanic block embedded in the uppermost Devonia...
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ABSTRACTThe Franciscan Complex comprises the largely sedimentary basement of the California Coast Ranges. This classic trench deposit has undergone a series of superimposed tectonic events since the end of Jurassic time, involving accretion, high-pressure (HP) recrystallization, buoyancy and wedge-driven exhumation, and transcurrent slip. Processes reflect plate convergence, transpressive-orthogonal subduction, and transpressive–transtensive offset. Besides stratigraphically intact strata, the F...
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The preservation of large, relatively undeformed blocks is a characteristic feature of mass transport deposits (MTD). We examine a well-exposed succession at Cerro Bola in La Rioja Province, western Argentina, which comprises mid to late Carboniferous fluvio-deltaic sediments, turbidites and MTD’s. The main MTD, which is up to 180 m thick and crops out over 8 km, is characterized by allochthonous sandstone blocks that range in size from metres to 100s of metres in length, and are up to tens of m...
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In this study we combine observations and analytical data from large-scale (10–100s of m-thick and 100 m2-extensive), siliciclastic and carbonate MTD/MTCs belonging to the Oligocene – Miocene foredeep and wedge-top successions of the Northern Apennines and the Paleocene – Eocene Friuli basin of the northwestern Dinarides (Italy and Slovenia), to discuss the deformation processes critical to the emplacement of submarine landslides. We focus on the identification of meso-scale structures, used as ...
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