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Cracking the Black Box: Capturing the Role of Expectation States in Status Processes:

Published on Mar 1, 2020in Social Psychology Quarterly1.75
路 DOI :10.1177/0190272519868988
Will Kalkhoff10
Estimated H-index: 10
(KSU: Kent State University),
David Melamed9
Estimated H-index: 9
(OSU: Ohio State University)
+ 3 AuthorsMatthew A. Pfeiffer1
Estimated H-index: 1
(KSU: Kent State University)
Abstract
A fundamental task for sociology is to uncover the mechanisms that produce and reproduce social inequalities. While status characteristics theory is the favored account of how social status contrib...
  • References (51)
  • Citations (0)
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References51
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#1John E. Kiat (NU: University of Nebraska鈥揕incoln)H-Index: 4
#2Jacob E. Cheadle (NU: University of Nebraska鈥揕incoln)H-Index: 18
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#1David Melamed (OSU: Ohio State University)H-Index: 9
#2Will Kalkhoff (KSU: Kent State University)H-Index: 10
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Status characteristics theory provides a theoretical explanation for why social status promotes social influence in collectively oriented task groups. It argues that status differences produce diff...
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#1Jason SamahaH-Index: 10
#2Olivia Gosseries (UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)H-Index: 15
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Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of human occipital and posterior parietal cortex can give rise to visual sensations called phosphenes. We used near-threshold TMS with concurrent EEG recordings to measure how oscillatory brain dynamics covary, on single trials, with the perception of phosphenes after occipital and parietal TMS. Prestimulus power and phase, predominantly in the alpha band (8鈥13 Hz), predicted occipital TMS phosphenes, whereas higher-frequency beta-band (13鈥20 Hz) power (bu...
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With two experiments the authors test and find support for the argument that in small, collectively oriented task groups, status affects social influence the most when the distribution of opinions reduces the least uncertainty. Moreover, they demonstrate that people use the distribution of both status and opinions to reduce uncertainty about the task on which they are working and that this, in turn, promotes social influence. Experiment 1 illustrates that, regardless of the group鈥檚 sex compositi...
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Recent studies have demonstrated that prestimulus alpha-band activity substantially influences perception of near-threshold stimuli. Here, we studied the influence of prestimulus alpha power fluctuations on temporal perceptual discrimination of suprathreshold tactile stimuli and subjects鈥 confidence regarding their perceptual decisions. We investigated how prestimulus alpha-band power influences poststimulus decision-making variables. We presented electrical stimuli with different stimulus onset...
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#1Joseph Dippong (UNCC: University of North Carolina at Charlotte)H-Index: 3
I report the results of a laboratory experiment in which I examine the relationship between cognitive categorization processes and status-organizing processes, focusing on how seemingly irrelevant information becomes relevant to the informational structure of a task situation. In phase one, participants completed a task in which they were primed with photographs of women occupying either stereotypical or counter-stereotypical roles. In phase two, participants, along with a partner, completed a c...
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#1Jan Kubanek (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 10
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When we make a decision, we experience a degree of confidence that our choice may lead to a desirable outcome. Recent studies in animals have probed the subjective aspects of the choice confidence using confidence-reporting tasks. These studies showed that estimates of the choice confidence substantially modulate neural activity in multiple regions of the brain. Building on these findings, we investigated the neural representation of the confidence in a choice in humans who explicitly reported t...
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#1Zhonglin Wen (SCNU: South China Normal University)H-Index: 13
#2Xitao Fan (UM: University of Macau)H-Index: 47
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#1Scott V. SavageH-Index: 5
#2David MelamedH-Index: 9
Last. Aaron VincentH-Index: 1
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Abstract Purpose This study examines how the distribution of opinions and social status combine in a collectively oriented task group to affect perceptions about the correctness of a final decision. Design/methodology/approach We relied on data from a controlled laboratory experiment to test a series of theoretically derived hypotheses. Findings The study shows that both the distribution of opinions and status affect perceptions of correctness. It also establishes that the effects of status on u...
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