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Giving it a burl: towards the integration of genetics, isotope chemistry, and osteoarchaeology in Cape York, Tropical North Queensland, Australia

Published on Nov 29, 2019in World Archaeology
· DOI :10.1080/00438243.2019.1686418
Mark Collard33
Estimated H-index: 33
(SFU: Simon Fraser University),
Sally Wasef4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Griffith University)
+ 11 AuthorsMichael C. Westaway10
Estimated H-index: 10
(UQ: University of Queensland)
Abstract
ABSTRACTIn this paper we outline a worked example of the combined use of genetic data and archaeological evidence. The project focuses on Queensland’s Cape York Peninsula and has two goals. One is ...
  • References (20)
  • Citations (1)
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It has been estimated that up to 25% of Indigenous human remains held in Australian institutions are unprovenanced. Geochemical tracers like strontium isotope ratios ( Sr/ Sr) have been used globally for over 40 years to discern human provenance and provide independent data to aid in repatriation efforts. To reliably apply this technology, landscape Sr/ Sr isotope ratio variability must be quantified. In Australia, only a few studies have used this technique and they are lacking in detail. Here,...
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Local communities and geneticists are working together to sequence DNA from remains that were taken from their homelands decades ago. Local communities and geneticists are working together to sequence DNA from remains that were taken from their homelands decades ago.
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After European colonization, the ancestral remains of Indigenous people were often collected for scientific research or display in museum collections. For many decades, Indigenous people, including Native Americans and Aboriginal Australians, have fought for their return. However, many of these remains have no recorded provenance, making their repatriation very difficult or impossible. To determine whether DNA-based methods could resolve this important problem, we sequenced 10 nuclear genomes an...
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Abstract Strontium isotope ratios ( 87 Sr/ 86 Sr) of archaeological samples (teeth and bones) can be used to track mobility and migration across geologically distinct landscapes. However, traditional interpolation algorithms and classification approaches used to generate Sr isoscapes are often limited in predicting multiscale 87 Sr/ 86 Sr patterning. Here we investigate the suitability of plant samples and soil leachates from the IRHUM database ( www.irhumdatabase.com ) to create a bioavailable ...
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This study heeds the call for a ‘truth-telling’ of injustices carried out on Aboriginal communities during the colonial acquisition of Australia as stated in the Uluru Statement from the Heart 2017. Here, we discuss the lives of eight Indigenous people buried in Normanton in north-west Queensland (QLD) who died and had their remains collected in the late 1890s as scientific specimens. The remains were later repatriated to the community before being further exposed by erosion in 2015. With the co...
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New Guinea shows human occupation since ~50 thousand years ago (ka), independent adoption of plant cultivation ~10 ka, and great cultural and linguistic diversity today. We performed genome-wide single-nucleotide polymorphism genotyping on 381 individuals from 85 language groups in Papua New Guinea and find a sharp divide originating 10 to 20 ka between lowland and highland groups and a lack of non–New Guinean admixture in the latter. All highlanders share ancestry within the last 10 thousand ye...
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