A complete time-calibrated multi-gene phylogeny of the European butterflies

Published on Nov 16, 2019in bioRxiv
· DOI :10.1101/844175
Martin Wiemers17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ),
Nicolas Chazot3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Lund University)
+ 2 AuthorsNiklas Wahlberg44
Estimated H-index: 44
(Lund University)
With the aim of supporting ecological analyses in butterflies, the third most species-rich superfamily of Lepidoptera, this paper presents the first time-calibrated phylogeny of all 496 extant butterfly species in Europe, including 18 very localized endemics for which no public DNA sequences had been available previously. It is based on a concatenated alignment of the mitochondrial gene COI and up to 11 nuclear gene fragments, using Bayesian inference of phylogeny. To avoid analytical biases that could result from our region-focus sampling, our European tree was grafted upon a global genus-level backbone butterfly phylogeny for analyses. In addition to a consensus tree, we provide the posterior distribution of trees and the fully-concatenated alignment for future analyses.
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