The Frequency of Routine Blood Sampling and Patient Outcomes Among Maintenance Hemodialysis Recipients

Published on Apr 1, 2020in American Journal of Kidney Diseases6.653
· DOI :10.1053/j.ajkd.2019.08.016
Alison Thomas1
Estimated H-index: 1
(U of T: University of Toronto),
Samuel A. Silver13
Estimated H-index: 13
(Queen's University)
+ 14 AuthorsRon Wald44
Estimated H-index: 44
Rationale & Objective Surveillance blood work is routinely performed in maintenance hemodialysis (HD) recipients. Although more frequent blood testing may confer better outcomes, there is little evidence to support any particular monitoring interval. Study Design Retrospective population-based cohort study. Setting & Participants All prevalent HD recipients in Ontario, Canada, as of April 1, 2011, and a cohort of incident patients commencing maintenance HD in Ontario, Canada, between April 1, 2011, and March 31, 2016. Exposure Frequency of surveillance blood work, monthly versus every 6 weeks. Outcomes The primary outcome was all-cause mortality. Secondary outcomes were major adverse cardiovascular events, all-cause hospitalization, and episodes of hyperkalemia. Analytical Approach Cox proportional hazards with adjustment for demographic and clinical characteristics was used to evaluate the association between blood testing frequency and all-cause mortality. Secondary outcomes were evaluated using the Andersen-Gill extension of the Cox model to allow for potential recurrent events. Results 7,454 prevalent patients received care at 17 HD programs with monthly blood sampling protocols (n=5,335 patients) and at 8 programs with blood sampling every 6 weeks (n=2,119 patients). More frequent monitoring was not associated with a lower risk for all-cause mortality compared to blood sampling every 6 weeks (adjusted HR, 1.16; 95% CI, 0.99-1.38). Monthly monitoring was not associated with a lower risk for any of the secondary outcomes. Results were consistent among incident HD recipients. Limitations Unmeasured confounding; limited data for center practices unrelated to blood sampling frequency; no information on frequency of unscheduled blood work performed outside the prescribed sampling interval. Conclusions Monthly routine blood testing in HD recipients was not associated with a lower risk for death, cardiovascular events, or hospitalizations as compared with testing every 6 weeks. Given the health resource implications, the frequency of routine blood sampling in HD recipients deserves careful reassessment.
  • References (29)
  • Citations (1)
#1Samuel A. Silver (Queen's University)H-Index: 13
#2Abdullah Alaryni (Islamic University)
Last. Eduard A. Iliescu (Queen's University)H-Index: 9
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#2Irene Ma (U of C: University of Calgary)H-Index: 2
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Evidence-informed decision making in clinical care and policy in nephrology is undermined by trials that selectively report a large number of heterogeneous outcomes, many of which are not patient centered. The Standardized Outcomes in Nephrology−Hemodialysis (SONG-HD) Initiative convened an international consensus workshop on November 7, 2015, to discuss the identification and implementation of a potential core outcome set for all trials in hemodialysis. The purpose of this article is to report ...
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Background In the context of clinical research, investigators have historically selected the outcomes that they consider to be important, but these are often discordant with patients' priorities. Efforts to define and report patient-centered outcomes are gaining momentum, though little work has been done in nephrology. We aimed to identify patient and caregiver priorities for outcomes in hemodialysis. Study Design Nominal group technique. Setting & Participants Patients on hemodialysis therapy a...
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Routinely collected health data, obtained for administrative and clinical purposes without specific a priori research goals, are increasingly used for research. The rapid evolution and availability of these data have revealed issues not addressed by existing reporting guidelines, such as Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE). The REporting of studies Conducted using Observational Routinely collected health Data (RECORD) statement was created to fill these ...
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