Long duration stabilization of porous silicon membranes in physiological media: Application for implantable reactors.
Published on Mar 1, 2020in Materials Science and Engineering: C4.959
· DOI :10.1016/j.msec.2019.110359
Abstract The natural biodegradabilty of porous silicon (pSi) in physiological media limits its wider usage for implantable systems. We report the stabilization of porous silicon (pSi) membranes by chemical surface oxidation using RCA1 and RCA2 protocols, which was followed by a PEGylation process using a silane-PEG. These surface modifications stabilized the pSi to allow a long period of immersion in PBS, while leaving the pSi surface sufficiently hydrophilic for good filtration and diffusion of several biomolecules of different sizes without any blockage of the pSi structure. The pore sizes of the pSi membranes were between 5 and 20 nm, with the membrane thickness around 70 μm. The diffusion coefficient for fluorescein through the membrane was 2 × 10−10 cm2 s−1, and for glucose was 2.2 × 10−9 cm2 s−1. The pSi membrane maintained that level of glucose diffusion for one month of immersion in PBS. After 2 months immersion in PBS the pSi membrane continued to operate, but with a reduced glucose diffusion coefficient. The chemical stabilization of pSi membranes provided almost 1 week stable and functional biomolecule transport in blood plasma and opens the possibility for its short-term implantation as a diffusion membrane in biocompatible systems.