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Health and safety issues in the Victorian workplace: an example of mandibular phosphorus necrosis from Gloucester, UK

Published on Jan 1, 2020in International Journal of Osteoarchaeology
· DOI :10.1002/OA.2833
Satu Valoriani1
Estimated H-index: 1
(LJMU: Liverpool John Moores University),
Constantine Eliopoulos9
Estimated H-index: 9
(LJMU: Liverpool John Moores University)
+ 1 AuthorsM Borrini5
Estimated H-index: 5
(LJMU: Liverpool John Moores University)
Abstract
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References20
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Abstract Unlike modern diagnosticians, a paleopathologist will likely have only skeletonized human remains without medical records, radiologic studies over time, microbiologic culture results, etc. Macroscopic and radiologic analyses are usually the most accessible diagnostic methods for the study of ancient skeletal remains. This paper recommends an organized approach to the study of dry bone specimens with reference to specimen radiographs. For circumscribed lesions, the distribution (solitary...
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This paper describes the pathological changes observed on the skeleton of a c.12–14 year old person buried in a north-east England Quaker cemetery dated to AD 1711–1857. Bone formation (woven and lamellar) and destruction are present mainly on the mandible, clavicles, sternum and scapulae, long bones of the right arm, left ribs, spine, ilia, and the femora and tibiae. Differential diagnoses of tuberculosis and other pulmonary diseases, smallpox, actinomycosis, neoplastic disease, and “phossy jaw...
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AbstractExposure to the fumes and smoke from white phosphorus pastes in the strike-anywhere match industry was associated, in the latter half of the 19th century, with a low incidence of necrotic lesions of the jaw bones and/or a fragility of the mid-femur occasioning fractures after minor trauma. Hundreds of cases were reported in many countries. The plight of these workers was the subject of international social pressure eventually leading to the prohibition of the matches. The reappearance in...
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#1Carolyn Rando (UCL Institute of Archaeology)H-Index: 7
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Disorders of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), including TMJ osteoarthritis (TMJ OA), are the topic of intensive clinical research; however, this is not the case in the archaeological literature, with the majority of work on the subject ceasing with the early 1990s. The methods employed in the diagnosis of TMJ OA within the archaeological work appear nonrepresentative of the disease and may have led to erroneous assumptions about the pattern and prevalence of OA. This current work presents a ne...
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The infamous “phossy jaw” that created an epidemic of exposed bone osteonecrosis exclusively in the jaws began around 1858 and continued until 1906, with only a few cases appearing since that time. This epidemic of osteonecrosis produced pain, swelling, debilitation, and a reported mortality of 20% and was linked to “yellow phosphorous,” the key ingredient in “strike-anywhere” matches. In match-making factories, workers called “mixers,” “dippers,” and “boxers” were exposed to heated fumes contai...
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A new method for the survey of the enthesopathies is presented. It is based on observation and classification of expression degrees of forty muscles and some ligaments insertions on a remarkably large skeletal series (hundreds of cases belonging to individuals of different periods and geographical provenance). It is also suggested their grouping in seven muscular skeletal districts having the same functional meaning. The aim of the work is making the survey more precise and less complex the anal...
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Frazer’s book Myths of the Origin of Fire gives a fascinating description of the legends about the origin of fire in different regions of the world. From the entry Fire in the encyclopedias we learn that fire is one of the human’s race essential tools, control of which helped start it on the path toward civilization. The original source of fire undoubtedly was lightning, a chance event which remained the only source of fire for many years. The use of fire is one of man’s earliest habits, so when...
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#1Barbara Harrison (North East Surrey College Of Technology)H-Index: 2
Using the match making industry as a case study, this paper examines the politics of occupational health in late nineteenth century Britain. It argues that this industry had a high profile within the wider political struggle around the question of working conditions and their effect on workers' health. This was due to the identification of match making with a specific and particularly disfiguring industrial disease, phosphorous necrosis, and that one firm, Bryant and May, featured prominently in...
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