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Technology, change, and uncertainty: maintaining career confidence in the early 21st century

Published on Oct 22, 2019in New Technology Work and Employment
· DOI :10.1111/ntwe.12151
Zlatko Skrbis17
Estimated H-index: 17
,
Jacqueline Laughland-Booÿ3
Estimated H-index: 3
Abstract
  • References (18)
  • Citations (0)
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References18
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This article assesses the effect of computer-based technologies on employment in Australia. We find that: (1) The total amount of work available in Australia has not decreased following the introduction of computer-based technologies; and (2) The pace of structural change and job turnover in the Australian labour market has not accelerated with the increasing application of computer-based technologies. Furthermore, a review of recent studies that claim computer-based technologies may be about to...
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In light of rapid advances in the fields of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and robotics, many scientists discuss the potentials of new technologies to substitute for human labor. Fueling the economic debate, various empirical assessments suggest that up to half of all jobs in western industrialized countries are at risk of automation in the next 10 to 20 years. This paper demonstrates that these scenarios are overestimating the share of automatable jobs by neglecting the substantial heterogeneity ...
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We examine how susceptible jobs are to computerisation. To assess this, we begin by implementing a novel methodology to estimate the probability of computerisation for 702 detailed occupations, using a Gaussian process classifier. Based on these estimates, we examine expected impacts of future computerisation on US labour market outcomes, with the primary objective of analysing the number of jobs at risk and the relationship between an occupations probability of computerisation, wages and educat...
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In recent years, there has been a revival of concerns that automation and digitalisation might after all result in a jobless future. The debate has been fuelled by studies for the US and Europe arguing that a substantial share of jobs is at “risk of computerisation”. These studies follow an occupation-based approach proposed by Frey and Osborne (2013), i.e. they assume that whole occupations rather than single job-tasks are automated by technology. As we argue, this might lead to an overestimati...
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The CSIRO’s ‘Tomorrow’s Digitally Enabled Workforce’ report is an important foundation for policy makers grappling with the future of work in Australia. The findings of the report underpin the work already being undertaken by the Department of Employment to address the impact of rapid technological development, new business and employment models, increasing globalisation and social change on employment and workplace relations. The analysis of the megatrends outlined in ‘Tomorrow’s Digitally Enab...
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#1David H. Autor (MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology)H-Index: 47
In this essay, I begin by identifying the reasons that automation has not wiped out a majority of jobs over the decades and centuries. Automation does indeed substitute for labor—as it is typically intended to do. However, automation also complements labor, raises output in ways that leads to higher demand for labor, and interacts with adjustments in labor supply. Journalists and even expert commentators tend to overstate the extent of machine substitution for human labor and ignore the strong c...
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The Technology Readiness Index (TRI), a 36-item scale to measure people’s propensity to embrace and use cutting-edge technologies, was published in the Journal of Service Research over a decade ago. Researchers have since used it in a variety of contexts in over two dozen countries. Meanwhile, several revolutionary technologies (mobile commerce, social media, and cloud computing) that were in their infancy just a decade ago are now pervasive and significantly impacting people’s lives. Based on i...
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#1William H. Dutton (University of Oxford)H-Index: 34
Purpose – This paper aims to provide a critical assessment of the Internet of things (IoT) and the social and policy issues raised by its development. While the Internet will continue to become ever more central to everyday life and work, there is a new but complementary vision for an IoT, which will connect billions of objects – “things” like sensors, monitors, and radio-frequency identification devices – to the Internet at a scale that far outstrips use of the Internet as we know it, and will ...
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#1Stefan Timmermans (UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles)H-Index: 31
#2Iddo Tavory (The New School)H-Index: 14
A critical pathway for conceptual innovation in the social is the construction of theoretical ideas based on empirical data. Grounded theory has become a leading approach promising the construction of novel theories. Yet grounded theory–based theoretical innovation has been scarce in part because of its commitment to let theories emerge inductively rather than imposing analytic frameworks a priori. We note, along with a long philosophical tradition, that induction does not logically lead to nove...
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