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Sex-specific initiation rates of tobacco smoking and its determinants among adults from a Middle Eastern population: a cohort study

Published on Oct 16, 2019in International Journal of Public Health
路 DOI :10.1007/s00038-019-01307-z
Donna Parizadeh2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and Health Services),
Seyyed Saeed Moazzeni (Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and Health Services)+ 5 AuthorsFarzad Hadaegh30
Estimated H-index: 30
(Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and Health Services)
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Abstract
Objectives To assess the initiation rate and determinants of tobacco smoking among adults.
  • References (39)
  • Citations (0)
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References39
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#1Andrea Ruiz-Alejos (UPCH: Cayetano Heredia University)H-Index: 3
#2Rodrigo M. Carrillo-Larco (UPCH: Cayetano Heredia University)H-Index: 10
Last. Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz (Lond: University of London)H-Index: 22
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The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence of T2DM in three population groups: rural, rural-to-urban migrants and urban dwellers. Data from the PERU MIGRANT Study was analysed. The baseline assessment was conducted in 2007-2008 using a single-stage random sample and further follow-up was undertaken in 2015-16. T2DM was defined based on fasting glucose and self-reported diagnosis. Poisson regression models and robust variance to account for cluster effects were used for reporting risk ra...
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#1Alessandro Marcon (University of Verona)H-Index: 26
#2Giancarlo Pesce (University of Verona)H-Index: 10
Last. Simone Accordini (University of Verona)H-Index: 30
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Background Tobacco consumption is the largest avoidable health risk. Understanding changes of smoking over time and across populations is crucial to implementing health policies. We evaluated trends in smoking initiation between 1970 and 2009 in random samples of European populations. Methods We pooled data from six multicentre studies involved in the Ageing Lungs in European Cohorts consortium, including overall 119,104 subjects from 17 countries (range of median ages across studies: 33鈥52 year...
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#1Mohammed JawadH-Index: 17
#2Rana CharideH-Index: 1
Last. Elie A. AklH-Index: 72
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#1Mark Goodchild (WHO: World Health Organization)H-Index: 3
#2Nigar Nargis (ACS: American Cancer Society)H-Index: 11
Last. Edouard Tursan d'Espaignet (WHO: World Health Organization)H-Index: 16
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Background The detrimental impact of smoking on health has been widely documented since the 1960s. Numerous studies have also quantified the economic cost that smoking imposes on society. However, these studies have mostly been in high income countries, with limited documentation from developing countries. The aim of this paper is to measure the economic cost of smoking-attributable diseases in countries throughout the world, including in low- and middle-income settings. Methods The Cost of Illn...
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#1Zinan Yi (NCSU: North Carolina State University)H-Index: 2
#2Maria E. Mayorga (NCSU: North Carolina State University)H-Index: 13
Last. Jennifer L. Pearson (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 23
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Background The tobacco epidemic in the U.S. has matured in the past decade. However, due to rapidly changing social policy and commercial environments, tailored prevention and interventions are needed to support further reduction in smoking.
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#1Mohammad Ali Mansournia (Tehran University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 24
#2Mahyar Etminan (UBC: University of British Columbia)H-Index: 35
Last. Gary S. Collins (University of Oxford)H-Index: 43
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Many exposures of epidemiological interest are time varying, and the values of potential confounders may change over time leading to time varying confounding. The aim of many longitudinal studies is to estimate the causal effect of a time varying exposure on an outcome that requires adjusting for time varying confounding. Time varying confounding affected by previous exposure often occurs in practice, but it is usually adjusted for by using conventional analytical methods such as time dependent ...
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#1Emmanuela GakidouH-Index: 45
#2Ashkan AfshinH-Index: 33
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#1Marissa B Reitsma (HSE: National Research University 鈥 Higher School of Economics)H-Index: 21
#2Nancy FullmanH-Index: 38
Last. Emmanuela GakidouH-Index: 45
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Summary Background The scale-up of tobacco control, especially after the adoption of the Framework Convention for Tobacco Control, is a major public health success story. Nonetheless, smoking remains a leading risk for early death and disability worldwide, and therefore continues to require sustained political commitment. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) offers a robust platform through which global, regional, and national progress toward achieving smoking-re...
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#1Saeed NematiH-Index: 2
#2Ali RafeiH-Index: 8
Last. Kazem ZendehdelH-Index: 18
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OBJECTIVE: To assess the geographical distribution and time trends of manufactured cigarette and water-pipe use among Iranian adult population. METHOD: Pooled data from four consecutive nationally and provincially representative STEPS surveys, 2006-2009, were analyzed. Prevalence of current daily manufactured cigarette smokers, current daily water-pipe and current daily dual users and associated 95%CIs were estimated using complex sample analysis techniques. RESULTS: Overall, the prevalence of c...
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