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Developmental Change in Motor Competence: A Latent Growth Curve Analysis

Published on Oct 2, 2019in Frontiers in Physiology3.201
· DOI :10.3389/fphys.2019.01273
Eline Coppens1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Vrije Universiteit Brussel),
Farid Bardid7
Estimated H-index: 7
+ 4 AuthorsMatthieu Lenoir35
Estimated H-index: 35
(UGent: Ghent University)
Sources
Abstract
Background: The development of childhood motor competence demonstrates a high degree of inter-individual variation. Some children’s competence levels increase whilst others’ competence levels remain unchanged or even decrease over time. However, few studies have examined this developmental change in motor competence across childhood and little is known on influencing factors. Aim: Using latent growth curve modeling (LGCM), the present longitudinal study aimed to investigate children’s change in motor competence across a 2-year timespan and to examine the potential influence of baseline weight status and physical fitness on their trajectory of change in motor competence. Methods: 558 children (52.5% boys) aged between 6 and 9 years participated in this study. Baseline measurements included weight status, motor competence (i.e., Korperkoordinationstest fur Kinder; KTK) and physical fitness (i.e., sit and reach, standing long jump and the 20 m shuttle run test). Motor competence assessment took place three times across a 2-year timespan. LGCM was conducted to examine change in motor competence over time. Results: The analyses showed a positive linear change in motor competence across 2 years (β = 28.48, p < 0.001) with significant variability in children’s individual trajectories (p < 0.001). Girls made less progress than boys (β = –2.12, p = 0.01). Children who were older at baseline demonstrated less change in motor competence (β = –0.33, p < 0.001). Weight status at baseline was negatively associated with change in motor competence over time (β = –1.418, p = 0.002). None of the physical fitness components, measured at baseline, were significantly associated with change in motor competence over time. Conclusion and Implications: This longitudinal study reveals that weight status significantly influences children’s motor competence trajectories whilst physical fitness demonstrated no significant influence on motor competence trajectories. Future studies should further explore children’s differential trajectories over time and potential factors influencing that change.
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References28
Newest
Una alimentacion inadecuada y un estilo de vida sedentario han generado un desequilibrio energetico y aumento de la adiposidad corporal, desde en la infancia. El balance calorico se ha vuelto positivo mientras que el gasto energetico se ha reducido, por lo que se debe adaptar la ingesta a las nuevas circunstancias. Segun la Encuesta Nacional de Situacion Nutricional (ENSIN) solo el 31.1% de los ninos y ninas de Colombia en edad escolar y el 13.4% de los adolescentes cumplen con las recomendacion...
183 CitationsSource
#1Rodrigo Antunes Lima (University of Southern Denmark)H-Index: 7
#2Anna Bugge (University of Southern Denmark)H-Index: 20
Last. Lars Bo Andersen (Norwegian School of Sport Sciences)H-Index: 64
view all 5 authors...
Abstract Objectives To examine longitudinal (seven years) relationships among cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2peak), body fatness, and motor competence. Method Data were collected as part of the Copenhagen School Child Intervention Study (CoSCIS). Body fatness was assessed by the sum of four skinfolds. VO2peak was measured directly in a continuous running protocol. Motor competence was assessed using the Korperkoordinationtest fur Kinder. This study used multilevel linear mixed models to evaluate ...
4 CitationsSource
#1Till Utesch (WWU: University of Münster)H-Index: 5
#2Farid Bardid (UGent: Ghent University)H-Index: 7
Last. Bernd Strauss (WWU: University of Münster)H-Index: 17
view all 4 authors...
Background Motor competence and physical fitness are important factors for promoting positive trajectories of health over time. In 2008, Stodden and colleagues developed a model that discussed the role of both factors in physical activity. Furthermore, the authors hypothesized that the relationship between motor competence and physical fitness is reciprocal and changes over time.
7 CitationsSource
#1M. A. M. dos Santos (University of Porto)H-Index: 2
#2Alan M. Nevill (University of Wolverhampton)H-Index: 56
Last. José Maia (University of Porto)H-Index: 34
view all 8 authors...
4 CitationsSource
#2Alcibíades Bustamante (UEW: University of Education, Winneba)H-Index: 6
Last. José Maia (University of Porto)H-Index: 34
view all 6 authors...
ABSTRACTThe purpose of this study was to investigate the tracking of gross motor coordination (GMC) and to profile children at 6 years of age who consistently showed higher stability patterns in different levels of GMC. The participants were 245 children (123 boys and 122 girls) who were assessed longitudinally from 6 to 9 years of age. GMC was assessed using the Korperkoordinationtest fur Kinder (KTK) test battery. Anthropometry, physical activity, and health- and performance-related physical f...
5 CitationsSource
#1Luís Lopes (University of Porto)H-Index: 16
#2Susana Póvoas (ISMAI)H-Index: 8
Last. Rute Santos (University of Porto)H-Index: 26
view all 8 authors...
Available data on the associations between motor competence (MC) and flexibility are limited and result inconclusive. This study aims to examine the relationship between flexibility and MC in children. The sample comprised 596 Portuguese children (47.1% girls) aged 9.7 ± 0.6 years. Motor competence was evaluated with the body coordination test, Korperkoordination Test fur Kinder. Cardiorespiratory fitness (20-m shuttle run), muscular strength (curl-up and push-up tests), and flexibility (back-sa...
5 CitationsSource
#1Lisa M. Barnett (Deakin University)H-Index: 29
#2Samuel K. Lai (Deakin University)H-Index: 5
Last. D OkelyAnthony (UOW: University of Wollongong)H-Index: 55
view all 13 authors...
Background Gross motor competence confers health benefits, but levels in children and adolescents are low. While interventions can improve gross motor competence, it remains unclear which correlates should be targeted to ensure interventions are most effective, and for whom targeted and tailored interventions should be developed.
100 CitationsSource
Last. David F. Stodden (USC: University of South Carolina)H-Index: 23
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Abstract Objectives This study aimed to review the scientific evidence on associations between motor competence (MC) and components of health related physical fitness (HRPF), in children and adolescents. Design Systematic review. Methods Systematic search of Academic Search Premier, ERIC, PubMed, PsycInfo, Scopus, SportDiscus, and Web of Science databases was undertaken between October 2012 and December 2013. Studies examining associations between MC and HRPF components (body weight status, card...
123 CitationsSource
#1Luis Rodrigues (IPN: Instituto Politécnico Nacional)H-Index: 22
#2David F. Stodden (USC: University of South Carolina)H-Index: 23
Last. Vítor P. Lopes (IPN: Instituto Politécnico Nacional)H-Index: 17
view all 3 authors...
Abstract Objectives To test how different developmental pathways of health-related physical fitness and motor competence tests relate to weight status (overweight and obesity) at the end of primary school. Design Longitudinal study on growth, health-related physical fitness, and motor competence of 472 primary school children assessed yearly throughout 1st to 4th grade, with an average age of 6.3 ± 0.7 years of age at 1st grade. Methods Children's pathways of change on each of the fitness and mo...
52 CitationsSource
#1Samuel W. LoganH-Index: 10
#2E. Kipling WebsterH-Index: 7
Last. Leah E. RobinsonH-Index: 19
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The purpose of this review is to synthesize the evidence of the relationship between fundamental motor skills (FMS) competence and physical activity by qualitatively describing results from 13 studies that met rigorous inclusion criteria. Inclusion criteria: (a) published in a peer-review journal, (b) participants were between the ages of 3–18, (c) participants were typically developing, (d) FMS was measured by a process-oriented assessment, (e) assessed physical activity, (f) related FMS and ph...
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#1Chiara MilaneseH-Index: 28
#2Marco SandriH-Index: 33
Last. Carlo ZancanaroH-Index: 25
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Purpose: The determinants of physical fitness in children have been given limited attention. In particular, the relative role of chronological age, sex, anthropometry, and body composition in physical fitness of children has been barely investigated. This cross-sectional study investigated determinants of physical fitness using a set of predictive variables including, in addition to chronological age and sex, a large panel of anthropometric measurements as well as body composition. The study was...
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