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Voluntary and Involuntary Control of Attention in Adolescents Born Very Preterm: A Study of Eye Movements.

Published on Sep 18, 2019in Child Development
· DOI :10.1111/CDEV.13310
E. Sabrina Twilhaar3
Estimated H-index: 3
(VU: VU University Amsterdam),
Artem V. Belopolsky24
Estimated H-index: 24
(VU: VU University Amsterdam)
+ 2 AuthorsJaap Oosterlaan71
Estimated H-index: 71
(VU: VU University Amsterdam)
Abstract
Very preterm birth is associated with attention deficits that interfere with academic performance. A better understanding of attention processes is necessary to support very preterm born children. This study examined voluntary and involuntary attentional control in very preterm born adolescents by measuring saccadic eye movements. Additionally, these control processes were related to symptoms of inattention, intelligence, and academic performance. Participants included 47 very preterm and 61 full-term born 13-years-old adolescents. Oculomotor control was assessed using the antisaccade and oculomotor capture paradigm. Very preterm born adolescents showed deficits in antisaccade but not in oculomotor capture performance, indicating impairments in voluntary but not involuntary attentional control. These impairments mediated the relation between very preterm birth and inattention, intelligence, and academic performance.
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References49
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#2Jorrit F. de Kieviet (VU: VU University Amsterdam)H-Index: 12
Last. Ruurd M. van Elburg (VU: VU University Amsterdam)H-Index: 5
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This study evaluated the long-term effects of enteral glutamine supplementation on neurodevelopmental outcomes of a Dutch cohort of very preterm children at 13 years of age. The cohort was enrolled in a randomised placebo-controlled trial between 2001-2003 in which infants received glutamine- or alanine-supplemented enteral nutrition during the first month of life. Participants were invited for follow up at a mean age of 13.30 years. Motor, neurocognitive, academic and behavioural outcomes were ...
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#1Michelle Downes (UCD: University College Dublin)H-Index: 6
#2David J. Kelly (UKC: University of Kent)H-Index: 46
Last. Michelle de HaanH-Index: 25
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Abstract There have been few previous attempts to assess the development of early markers of executive function in infants born preterm despite well-established deficits reported for older preterm children that have been closely linked to poorer academic functioning. The present study investigates early attention control development in healthy 12-month-old age-corrected pre-term infants who were born less than 30 weeks and compares their performance to full-term infants. Eye-tracking methodology...
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#1Adelar Pedro Franz (UFRGS: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul)H-Index: 2
#2Gul Unsel BolatH-Index: 2
Last. Carlos R Moreira-Maia (UFRGS: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul)H-Index: 5
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CONTEXT: Although very preterm (VP), extremely preterm (EP), very low birth weight (VLBW), and extremely low birth weight (ELBW) newborns seem to have a higher risk of later attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the magnitude of the risk is not well-defined. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review and meta-analyze the risk of VP/VLBW and EP/ELBW individuals to develop a ADHD categorical diagnosis or dimensional symptomatology compared with controls with normal weight and/or birth age. DAT...
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The antisaccade task is a classic task of oculomotor control that requires participants to inhibit a saccade to a target and instead make a voluntary saccade to the mirror opposite location. By comparison, the prosaccade task requires participants to make a visually-guided saccade to the target. These tasks have been studied extensively using behavioural oculomotor, electrophysiological and neuroimaging in both non-human primates and humans. In humans, the antisaccade task is under active invest...
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Abstract Although neuroscience has made remarkable progress in understanding the involvement of prefrontal cortex (PFC) in human memory, the necessity of dorsolateral PFC (dlPFC) for key competencies of working memory remains largely unexplored. We therefore studied human brain lesion patients to determine whether dlPFC is necessary for working memory function, administering subtests of the Wechsler Memory Scale, the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, and the N-Back Task to three participant gro...
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OBJECTIVE: Research is required to monitor changes in the nature of neurobehavioral deficits in extremely preterm (EP) or extremely low birth weight (ELBW) survivors. This study examines cognitive, academic, and behavioral outcomes at age 8 years for a regional cohort of EP/ELBW children born in 1997. METHODS: The EP/ELBW cohort comprised all live births with a gestational age RESULTS: Retention was 94% for the EP/ELBW group and 87% for the T/NBW group. The EP/ELBW group performed poorer than th...
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