New triazinoindole bearing thiazole/oxazole analogues: Synthesis, α-amylase inhibitory potential and molecular docking study
Abstract New triazinoindole bearing thiazole/oxazole analogues (1–21) were synthesized and characterized through spectroscopic techniques such as HREI-MS, 1H and 13C NMR. The configuration of compound 2i and 2k was confirmed through NOESY. All analogues were evaluated against α-amylase inhibitory potential. Among the synthesized analogues, compound 1h, 1i, 1j, 2a and 2f having IC50 values 1.80 ± 0.20, 1.90 ± 0.30, 1.2 ± 0.30, 1.2 ± 0.01 and 1.30 ± 0.20 μM respectively, showed excellent α-amylase inhibitory potential when compared with acarbose as standard (IC50 = 0.91 ± 0.20 µM). All other analogues showed good to moderate inhibitory potential. Structural activity relationship (SAR) has been established and binding interactions were confirmed through docking studies.