Match!

Food Chain Inefficiency (FCI): accounting conversion efficiencies across entire food supply chains to re-define food loss and waste

Published on Sep 20, 2019
· DOI :10.3389/fsufs.2019.00079
Peter Horton80
Estimated H-index: 80
(University of Sheffield),
Christian John Reynolds11
Estimated H-index: 11
(University of Sheffield)
+ 1 AuthorsGavin Milligan
View in Source
Abstract
Achieving global food security requires a new approach that integrates not only all aspects of the growing, harvesting and processing of food (necessary to ensure sufficient affordable and sustainable production to alleviate hunger) but also the complexities associated with food consumption including deterring unhealthy overconsumption. Inefficiencies occur at various points along the agri-food supply chain but at present they are inadequately conceptualized via separate accounts of food loss, food waste, supply chain management and public health. Here we re-define food loss and waste through the concept of conversion efficiency applied to the entire system, an approach up to now only applied to the primary processes of crop productivity. Nine conversion efficiencies are defined: sunlight capture efficiency; photosynthesis use efficiency; biomass allocation efficiency; harvesting efficiency; storage and distribution efficiency; processing efficiency; retailing efficiency; consumption efficiency; and dietary efficiency. Using the production and consumption of bread in the UK as an example, we demonstrate how efficiencies may be estimated and thus where the main inefficiencies lie, so indicating where the most significant improvements could be made. We suggest that our approach, which introduces the term Food Chain Inefficiency (FCI) to re-define food loss and waste, provides a rational and effective way to devise the practical interventions and policies needed to deliver a sustainable agri-food system.
Figures & Tables
  • References (52)
  • Citations (0)
References52
Newest
#1Francesca Galli (UniPi: University of Pisa)H-Index: 9
#2Alessio Cavicchi (University of Macerata)H-Index: 12
Last.Gianluca Brunori (UniPi: University of Pisa)H-Index: 21
view all 3 authors...
2 CitationsSource
#1Christian John Reynolds (University of Sheffield)H-Index: 11
#2Liam Goucher (University of Sheffield)H-Index: 1
Last.Peter Jackson (University of Sheffield)H-Index: 44
view all 12 authors...
5 CitationsSource
#1Peter Horton (University of Sheffield)H-Index: 80
#2Garrett Wallace Brown (University of Leeds)H-Index: 1
4 CitationsSource
#1P.L. Mitchell (University of Sheffield)H-Index: 10
#2J. E. Sheehy (IRRI: International Rice Research Institute)H-Index: 21
4 CitationsSource
61 CitationsSource
#1Carlos Augusto Monteiro (USP: University of São Paulo)H-Index: 74
#2Jean-Claude Moubarac (USP: University of São Paulo)H-Index: 13
Last.Geoffrey Cannon (USP: University of São Paulo)H-Index: 24
view all 6 authors...
56 CitationsSource
#1Peter Horton (University of Sheffield)H-Index: 80
6 CitationsSource
#1Mahshid Dehghan (Population Health Research Institute)H-Index: 24
#2Andrew Mente (McMaster University)H-Index: 32
Last.R MapangaH-Index: 4
view all 355 authors...
224 CitationsSource
#1Steven M. Driever (University of Essex)H-Index: 11
#2Andrew J. Simkin (University of Essex)H-Index: 24
Last.Christine A. Raines (University of Essex)H-Index: 40
view all 10 authors...
42 CitationsSource
#1David TilmanH-Index: 142
#2Michael Clark (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 6
Last.Craig PackerH-Index: 65
view all 6 authors...
128 CitationsSource
Cited By0
Newest
View next paperQuantification of food waste per product group along the food supply chain in the European Union: a mass flow analysis