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Benefits of exercise training on blood pressure and beyond in cardiovascular diseases.

Published on Feb 1, 2020in European Journal of Preventive Cardiology5.64
路 DOI :10.1177/2047487319874344
Carl J. Lavie84
Estimated H-index: 84
(UQ: University of Queensland),
Merrill H. Stewart2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UQ: University of Queensland),
Cemal Ozemek10
Estimated H-index: 10
(UIC: University of Illinois at Chicago)
Abstract
  • References (19)
  • Citations (0)
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References19
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#1Huseyin Naci (LSE: London School of Economics and Political Science)H-Index: 24
#2Maximilian Salcher-Konrad (LSE: London School of Economics and Political Science)H-Index: 1
Last. John P. A. IoannidisH-Index: 151
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Objective To compare the effect of exercise regimens and medications on systolic blood pressure (SBP). Data sources Medline (via PubMed) and the Cochrane Library. Eligibility criteria Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-I), angiotensin-2 receptor blockers (ARBs), 尾-blockers, calcium channel blockers (CCBs) and diuretics were identified from existing Cochrane reviews. A previously published meta-analysis of exercise interventions was updated to ide...
12 CitationsSource
#2Merrill H. StewartH-Index: 2
Last. Carl J. LavieH-Index: 84
view all 3 authors...
1 CitationsSource
Purpose: Resistance exercise (RE) can improve many cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, but specific data on the effects on CVD events and mortality are lacking. We investigated the associations of RE with CVD and all-cause mortality and further examined the mediation effect of body mass index (BMI) between RE and CVD outcomes.Methods We included 12,591 participants (mean age, 47 yr) who received at least two clinical examinations 1987-2006. RE was assessed by a self-reported medical histo...
9 CitationsSource
#1Carl J. Lavie (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 84
#2Cemal Ozemek (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 10
Last. Steven N. Blair (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 4
view all 5 authors...
Sedentary behavior and physical inactivity are among the leading modifiable risk factors worldwide for cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality. The promotion of physical activity and exercise training (ET) leading to improved levels of cardiorespiratory fitness is needed in all age groups, race, and ethnicities and both sexes to prevent many chronic diseases, especially cardiovascular disease. In this state-of-the-art review, we discuss the negative impact of sedentary behavior and physic...
16 CitationsSource
#1Cemal Ozemek (UIC: University of Illinois at Chicago)H-Index: 10
#2Carl J. Lavie (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 84
Last. 脴ivind Rognmo (NTNU: Norwegian University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 20
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Substantial evidence shows that physical inactivity (PI) and sedentary behavior (SB) increases the risk of many chronic diseases and shortens life expectancy. We describe evidence that certain domains of physical activity (PA) in the United States (US) population have declined substantially over 5 decades. The prevalence of PI is very high worldwide, which has contributed to 6%-10% of the burden of many chronic diseases and premature mortality. Reduction or elimination of PI would likely produce...
6 CitationsSource
#1Cemal Ozemek (UIC: University of Illinois at Chicago)H-Index: 10
#2Ross A. Arena (UIC: University of Illinois at Chicago)H-Index: 11
Abstract Physical inactivity is strongly associated with an unfavorable health profile, increasing an individual's risk for developing cardiovascular disease. Initiating a regular exercise routine contributes to improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness, body composition, resting blood pressure, blood glucose, and circulating lipoproteins. However, the extent to which positive changes occur come with significant inter-individual variability within intervention groups; non-responders and responde...
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#1Ross A. Arena (American Physical Therapy Association)H-Index: 11
#2Cemal OzemekH-Index: 10
Last. Carl J. LavieH-Index: 84
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Healthy living medicine (HLM) is an emerging concept that recognizes the importance of: (1) Moving more and sitting less; (2) Consuming a healthy diet at the appropriate caloric load; (3) Maintaining a healthy body weight; and (4) Not smoking. Suffice to say, HLM should be practiced by all health professionals, prescribing a personalized healthy living polypill to individuals under their care while titrating the dosage for optimal adherence and therapeutic efficacy. Traditionally, HLM, particula...
10 CitationsSource
#1Cemal Ozemek (UIC: University of Illinois at Chicago)H-Index: 10
#2Deepika Laddu (UIC: University of Illinois at Chicago)H-Index: 7
Last. Steven N. Blair (USC: University of South Carolina)H-Index: 142
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Abstract The cardiovascular disease (CVD) pandemic has placed considerable strain on healthcare systems, quality of life, and physical function, while remaining the leading cause of death globally. Decades of scientific investigations have fortified the protective effects of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), exercise training, and physical activity (PA) against the development of CVD. This review will summarize recent efforts that have made significant strides in; 1) the application of novel anal...
28 CitationsSource
#1Merrill H. Stewart (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 2
#2Carl J. Lavie (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 84
Last. Richard V. Milani (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 65
view all 10 authors...
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) was one of the earliest studied echocardiographic characteristics of the left ventricle. As the myriad of measurable metrics has multiplied over recent years, this reliable and relevant variable can often be overlooked. In this paper, we discuss appropriate techniques for accurate analysis, underlying pathophysiology, and the contributions from various risk factors. The prognostic implications of LVH on stroke, serious arrhythmias, and sudden cardiac death are ...
7 CitationsSource
#1Gerald F. Fletcher (Mayo Clinic)H-Index: 43
#2Carolyn Landolfo (Mayo Clinic)H-Index: 12
Last. Carl J. Lavie (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 84
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Abstract Physical inactivity is one of the leading modifiable risk factors for global mortality, with an estimated 20% to 30% increased risk of death compared with those who are physically active. The 鈥渂ehavior鈥 of physical activity (PA) is multifactorial, including social, environmental, psychological, and genetic factors. Abundant scientific evidence has demonstrated that physically active people of all age groups and ethnicities have higher levels of cardiorespiratory fitness, health, and wel...
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