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Neurocognitive determinants of theory of mind across the adult lifespan

Published on 2019in Brain and Cognition2.62
· DOI :10.1016/j.bandc.2019.103588
Rémi Laillier1
Estimated H-index: 1
(PSL Research University),
Armelle Viard10
Estimated H-index: 10
(PSL Research University)
+ 6 AuthorsMickaël Laisney13
Estimated H-index: 13
(PSL Research University)
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Abstract
Abstract Although theory of mind (ToM) has been extensively explored in aging, few studies have used the same tool to simultaneously assess and compare its cognitive and affective components. When we administered the Movie for Assessment of Social Cognition, a dynamic sequence of social scenes, to 60 healthy participants (20–75 years), we observed no different age-related decreases in both cognitive and affective ToM. While each component was associated with cognitive measures (i.e., episodic memory and processing speed were predictive of cognitive ToM, and recognition of facial emotion expressions and inhibition were predictive of affective ToM), mediation analyses showed that these measures only mediated the effect of age on affective ToM. Voxelwise regressions with grey-matter volume showed that the components partly rely on the same neural substrates, reflecting either ToM per se or other cognitive processes elicited by this multi-determinant task. We discuss the specific substrates of each ToM component, emphasising the importance of considering the impact of other aspects of cognition, present in more ecological situations, on ToM functioning.
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References88
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#1Harmony Duclos (UNICAEN: University of Caen Lower Normandy)H-Index: 2
#2Alexandre Bejanin (UNICAEN: University of Caen Lower Normandy)H-Index: 10
Last.Mickaël Laisney (UNICAEN: University of Caen Lower Normandy)H-Index: 13
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#1Harmony Duclos (PSL Research University)H-Index: 2
#2H. Duclos (PSL Research University)
Last.Mickaël Laisney (PSL Research University)H-Index: 13
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#1Yin Wang (TU: Temple University)H-Index: 8
#2Athanasia Metoki (TU: Temple University)H-Index: 3
Last.Ingrid R. Olson (TU: Temple University)H-Index: 41
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#1Laurence Chaby (Paris V: Paris Descartes University)H-Index: 10
#2Isabelle Hupont (CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)H-Index: 2
Last.Mohamed Chetouani (CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)H-Index: 22
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#1Maryam Ziaei (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 6
#2Hana Burianová (Swansea University)H-Index: 12
Last.Julie D. Henry (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 47
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