Match!

Measuring spatial structure in time-averaged deposits insights from Roc de Marsal, France

Published on Oct 1, 2019in Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences1.978
· DOI :10.1007/s12520-019-00871-y
Jonathan S. Reeves1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Tübingen),
Jonathan Reeves4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Tübingen)
+ 4 AuthorsAlain Turq20
Estimated H-index: 20
(University of Bordeaux)
Abstract
The use of space, both at the landscape and the site level, is considered an important aspect of hominin adaptations that changed through time. At the site level, spatial analyses are typically conducted on deposits thought to have a high degree of temporal resolution. Sites with highly time-averaged deposits are viewed as inferior for these analyses because repeated site visits obscure individual behavioral events. To the contrary, here, we take the view that behaviors that repeat themselves in a spatially structured way through time are exactly the kinds of behaviors that are potentially significant at an evolutionary timescale. In this framework, time averaging is seen not as a hindrance but rather as a necessary condition for viewing meaningful behavior. To test whether such patterning is visible in time-averaged deposits, we use spatial statistics to analyze a number of indices designed to measure lithic production, use and discard behaviors in a multi-layer, late Neandertal cave site in southwest France. We find that indeed some such patterning does exist, and thus sites with highly time-averaged deposits have the potential to contribute to our understanding of how hominin use of space varied through time. This is useful because a great many archaeological sites have highly time-average deposits. Interpreting the spatial patterning will likely require modeling to create expectations in time-averaged and likely emergent contexts such as these.
  • References (84)
  • Citations (1)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
14 Citations
21 Citations
16 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
References84
Newest
#1Naama Goren-InbarH-Index: 27
#2Nira Alperson-AfilH-Index: 9
Last. Gadi HerzlingerH-Index: 4
view all 4 authors...
9 Citations
#1Jerome P. Reynard (University of the Witwatersrand)H-Index: 6
#2Christopher S. Henshilwood (University of Bergen)H-Index: 30
Demography probably had a significant influence on the transmission of cultural innovation during the late Pleistocene. In enclosed sites such as rockshelters, trampling marks are likely direct evidence for human occupations and can possibly be used to infer occupational patterns. In this study, we explore trampling modification as a proxy for occupational intensity. We examined trampling data at the Middle Stone Age site of Blombos Cave in South Africa to investigate whether these marks may inf...
4 CitationsSource
#1Shannon P. McPherron (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 30
7 CitationsSource
#1Jorge Machado (ULL: University of La Laguna)H-Index: 6
#2Francisco J. Molina (University of Alicante)H-Index: 1
Last. Bertila Galván (ULL: University of La Laguna)H-Index: 9
view all 5 authors...
The superposition of anthropogenic remains usually results in archaeological palimpsests, hindering an accurate characterization of the behavior underlying such remains. Aimed at facing this methodological constraint in the study of Palaeolithic contexts, we present a contextual approach to Neanderthal settlement dynamics based on an understanding of lithic assemblage formation processes. We focused on a set of lithic artifacts from the Middle Palaeolithic site of El Salt. With the goal of isola...
15 CitationsSource
7 CitationsSource
#1Paul Goldberg (University of Tübingen)H-Index: 52
#2Vera Aldeias (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 11
Last. Alain Turq (University of Bordeaux)H-Index: 20
view all 6 authors...
The question of intentional Neanderthal interment continues to be debated in paleoanthropology. Among the criteria that can be used to investigate the intentionality of a burial, many of them rely on geoarchaeological data that speak to the context of the human remains. In this paper, we revisit the original attribution of the Roc de Marsal Neandertal infant as an intentional burial by evaluating the sedimentary context, pit structure, and taphonomical aspects of the remains and their integratio...
7 CitationsSource
The use of fire by early hominins is considered a significant technological and cultural revolution. Recently, the study of fire use has been affected by a troublesome trend that views chemical and microscopic techniques as the only acceptable analyses of fire residues, thus ignoring basic archaeological observations and analyses. This paper discusses the diverse expressions of early fire, their variability, and their level of significance and suggests that the spatial analysis of burned residue...
5 CitationsSource
The use of computers and complex software is pervasive in archaeology, yet their role in the analytical pipeline is rarely exposed for other researchers to inspect or reuse. This limits the progress of archaeology because researchers cannot easily reproduce each other’s work to verify or extend it. Four general principles of reproducible research that have emerged in other fields are presented. An archaeological case study is described that shows how each principle can be implemented using freel...
60 CitationsSource
#1Jean-Christophe Castel (CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)H-Index: 10
#2Emmanuel Discamps (University of Bergen)H-Index: 14
Last. Alain Turq (CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)H-Index: 20
view all 8 authors...
Abstract Recent excavations at the cave site of Roc de Marsal (in the Dordogne region of SW France) have yielded several Mousterian assemblages rich in well-preserved faunal remains. The Layer 4 faunal assemblage, associated with a rich Quina Mousterian occupation, provides an opportunity to investigate Neandertal prey selection, transport decisions and reindeer carcass processing strategies. One of the most striking characteristics of the Roc de Marsal Layer 4 faunal assemblage is an apparent l...
14 CitationsSource
#1Guillaume Guérin (University of Bordeaux)H-Index: 15
#2Marine Frouin (University of Bordeaux)H-Index: 8
Last. Harold L. Dibble (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 35
view all 14 authors...
Abstract Located in southwest France, Roc de Marsal is a cave with a rich Mousterian stratigraphic sequence. The lower part of the sequence (Layers 9–5) are characterized by assemblages dominated by Levallois lithic technology associated with composite faunal spectra (including red deer, roe deer and reindeer) that shows a gradual increase in the frequency of reindeer. The top of the sequence (Layers 4–2) are characterised instead by Quina lithic technology (both in terms of technology and typol...
17 CitationsSource
Cited By1
Newest
#1Karen RuebensH-Index: 7
#2Geoff M. SmithH-Index: 7
Last. Teresa E. SteeleH-Index: 26
view all 4 authors...
Source
#1Alejandro Mayor (ULL: University of La Laguna)
#2Cristo M. Hernández (ULL: University of La Laguna)H-Index: 9
Last. Bertila Galván (ULL: University of La Laguna)H-Index: 9
view all 5 authors...
Within the framework of archaeological palimpsest dissection, stratigraphic association of lithic remains with hearths and other archaeological materials in undisturbed Neanderthal contexts allows us to seek patterns in lithic and faunal assemblage composition, assess the degree of time averaging within assemblages and investigate the spatial distribution of archaeological remains. So far, the European Neanderthal record shows variability in such spatial parameters, not only among different geog...
Source
Abstract Mobility strategies of Neanderthal groups are studied through the characterization and analysis of archaeological sites and traditionally compared to the types of settlements present-day hunter-gatherer groups, based on their mobility strategies. The faunal record of level P of Abric Romani is a unique source of information for analysing the foraging behaviour developed by Neanderthals during MIS3. The assemblage is divided into two separate and well-defined sublevels: Pa and Pb. Throug...
2 CitationsSource