Effectiveness of Changes in Diet Composition on Reducing the Incidence of Cardiovascular Disease

Published in Current Cardiology Reports2.40
· DOI :10.1007/s11886-019-1176-y
Ilaria Calabrese1
Estimated H-index: 1
Gabriele Riccardi45
Estimated H-index: 45
Purpose of Review To highlight dietary changes shown to be associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular events in epidemiological studies and that have been proven to be effective in preventing cardiovascular diseases in clinical trials
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Published on Apr 12, 2019in Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition6.70
Angela Bechthold11
Estimated H-index: 11
Heiner Boeing12
Estimated H-index: 12
+ 8 AuthorsSabrina Schlesinger13
Estimated H-index: 13
(HHU: University of Düsseldorf)
ABSTRACTBackground: Despite growing evidence for food-based dietary patterns' potential to reduce cardiovascular disease risk, knowledge about the amounts of food associated with the greatest change in risk of specific cardiovascular outcomes and about the quality of meta-evidence is limited. Therefore, the aim of this meta-analysis was to synthesize the knowledge about the relation between intake of 12 major food groups (whole grains, refined grains, vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes, eggs, dai...
Published on Mar 19, 2019in JAMA51.27
Victor W. Zhong6
Estimated H-index: 6
(NU: Northwestern University),
Linda Van Horn72
Estimated H-index: 72
(NU: Northwestern University)
+ 10 AuthorsLihui Zhao15
Estimated H-index: 15
(NU: Northwestern University)
Importance Cholesterol is a common nutrient in the human diet and eggs are a major source of dietary cholesterol. Whether dietary cholesterol or egg consumption is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality remains controversial. Objective To determine the associations of dietary cholesterol or egg consumption with incident CVD and all-cause mortality. Design, Setting, and Participants Individual participant data were pooled from 6 prospective US cohorts using data collected betw...
Published on Feb 1, 2019in The Lancet59.10
Andrew N. Reynolds4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Otago),
Jim Mann65
Estimated H-index: 65
+ 3 AuthorsLisa Te Morenga9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of Otago)
Summary Background Previous systematic reviews and meta-analyses explaining the relationship between carbohydrate quality and health have usually examined a single marker and a limited number of clinical outcomes. We aimed to more precisely quantify the predictive potential of several markers, to determine which markers are most useful, and to establish an evidence base for quantitative recommendations for intakes of dietary fibre. Methods We did a series of systematic reviews and meta-analyses ...
Published on Dec 6, 2018in Nutrients4.17
Yoona Kim6
Estimated H-index: 6
Jennifer B. Keogh38
Estimated H-index: 38
Peter M. Clifton64
Estimated H-index: 64
Objectives: Accumulating epidemiological and intervention evidence suggest that nut consumption is associated with reduced incidence of some cardiometabolic diseases. However, to date no review of meta-analyses of epidemiological and intervention studies has evaluated the effects of nut consumption on cardiometabolic disease. Design/Results: Electronic searches for meta-analyses of epidemiological and intervention studies were undertaken in PubMed®/MEDLINE®. Meta-analyses of prospective studies ...
Published on Sep 1, 2018in The Lancet. Public health
Sara Bretschger13
Estimated H-index: 13
(Brigham and Women's Hospital),
Brian Claggett37
Estimated H-index: 37
(Brigham and Women's Hospital)
+ 7 AuthorsScott D. Solomon104
Estimated H-index: 104
(Brigham and Women's Hospital)
Summary Background Low carbohydrate diets, which restrict carbohydrate in favour of increased protein or fat intake, or both, are a popular weight-loss strategy. However, the long-term effect of carbohydrate restriction on mortality is controversial and could depend on whether dietary carbohydrate is replaced by plant-based or animal-based fat and protein. We aimed to investigate the association between carbohydrate intake and mortality. Methods We studied 15 428 adults aged 45–64 years, in four...
Published on Jun 21, 2018in The New England Journal of Medicine70.67
Ramón Estruch73
Estimated H-index: 73
Emilio Ros72
Estimated H-index: 72
+ 18 AuthorsJosé Lapetra36
Estimated H-index: 36
Abstract Background Observational cohort studies and a secondary prevention trial have shown inverse associations between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and cardiovascular risk. Methods In a multicenter trial in Spain, we assigned 7447 participants (55 to 80 years of age, 57% women) who were at high cardiovascular risk, but with no cardiovascular disease at enrollment, to one of three diets: a Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil, a Mediterranean diet supplemented wit...
Published on Jun 13, 2018in BMJ27.60
Nita G. Forouhi77
Estimated H-index: 77
(University of Cambridge),
Ronald M. Krauss108
Estimated H-index: 108
(Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute)
+ 1 AuthorsBarry M. Popkin319
Estimated H-index: 319
(Harvard University)
Although difficulties in nutrition research and formulating guidelines fuel ongoing debate, the complexities of dietary fats and overall diet are becoming better understood, argue Nita G Forouhi and colleagues
Published on Jan 1, 2018in European Journal of Clinical Nutrition3.11
Monica Dinu7
Estimated H-index: 7
(UniFI: University of Florence),
Giuditta Pagliai5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UniFI: University of Florence)
+ 1 AuthorsFrancesco Sofi34
Estimated H-index: 34
(UniFI: University of Florence)
Mediterranean diet and multiple health outcomes: an umbrella review of meta-analyses of observational studies and randomised trials
Published on Nov 1, 2017in The Lancet59.10
Mahshid Dehghan22
Estimated H-index: 22
(Population Health Research Institute),
Andrew Mente30
Estimated H-index: 30
(McMaster University)
+ 352 AuthorsAnders H. Rosengren84
Estimated H-index: 84
(University of Gothenburg)
Summary Background The relationship between macronutrients and cardiovascular disease and mortality is controversial. Most available data are from European and North American populations where nutrition excess is more likely, so their applicability to other populations is unclear. Methods The Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study is a large, epidemiological cohort study of individuals aged 35–70 years (enrolled between Jan 1, 2003, and March 31, 2013) in 18 countries with a median fo...
Published on Oct 13, 2017in Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition6.70
Giuseppe Grosso36
Estimated H-index: 36
Stefano Marventano24
Estimated H-index: 24
(University of Catania)
+ 5 AuthorsStephen Nicholas Kales1
Estimated H-index: 1
(CHA: Cambridge Health Alliance)
ABSTRACTMany studies have reported that higher adherence to Mediterranean diet may decrease cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence and mortality. We performed a meta-analysis to explore the association in prospective studies and randomized control trials (RCTs) between Mediterranean diet adherence and CVD incidence and mortality. The PubMed database was searched up to June 2014. A total of 17 studies were extracted and 11 qualified for the quantitative analysis. Individuals in the highest quanti...
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