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Data for: Forgetting Cues are Ineffective in Promoting Forgetting in the Item-Method Directed Forgetting Paradigm

Published on Oct 1, 2019in International Journal of Psychophysiology2.407
· DOI :10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2019.07.004
Heming Gao4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Liaoning Normal University),
Mingming Qi2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Liaoning Normal University),
Qi Zhang4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Liaoning Normal University)
Abstract
Abstract This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of forgetting cues in an item-method directed forgetting (DF) paradigm. A modified no-cue (NC) condition, in which participants could not adopt intentional forgetting strategy, was added to an item-method DF paradigm. Memory retention was compared between NC condition and to-be-forgotten (TBF) condition. The results revealed that the recognition reaction times (RTs) were shorter for the remembered TBF (TBF-R) words than for the remembered NC (NC-R) words, and were longer for the forgotten TBF words relative to the forgotten NC words, indicating that participants might be more familiar with the TBF words than the NC words. Event-related potential results showed that both LPC activity and frontal old/new effect were enhanced for TBF-R words relative to the NC-R words. These results might indicate that participants were more familiar with TBF words than NC words. This study further supports the view that forgetting cues may not in fact promote forgetting in the item-method DF paradigm.
  • References (48)
  • Citations (2)
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References48
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#2Johanna Kissler (Bielefeld University)H-Index: 29
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#1Carina R. Oehrn (University Hospital of Giessen and Marburg)H-Index: 3
#2Juergen Fell (University of Bonn)H-Index: 38
Last. Nikolai Axmacher (RUB: Ruhr University Bochum)H-Index: 35
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Summary Forgetting does not necessarily reflect failure to encode information but can, to some extent, also be voluntarily controlled. Previous studies have suggested that voluntary forgetting relies on active inhibition of encoding processes in the hippocampus by the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) [ 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 ]. During attentional and sensorimotor processing, enhanced DLPFC theta power alongside increased alpha/beta oscillations are a neural signature of an inhibitory top-down mecha...
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#1Heming Gao (Liaoning Normal University)H-Index: 4
#2Mingming Qi (Liaoning Normal University)H-Index: 2
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In this study, we aimed to seek for the neural evidence of the inhibition control process in directed forgetting. We adopted a modified item-method directed forgetting paradigm, in which four kinds of cues were involved. In some trials, the words were followed by only a forgetting (F) cue. In the other trials, after a word was presented, a maintenance (M) cue was presented, followed by an explicit remembering (M-R) cue or an forgetting (M-F) cue. Data from 19 healthy adult participants showed th...
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#1Avery A. Rizio (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 5
#2Nancy A. Dennis (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 25
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#1Sara N. Gallant (RyeU: Ryerson University)H-Index: 5
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In this study, a short-term memory test was used to investigate the temporal course and neural mechanism of directed forgetting under different memory loads. Within each trial, two memory items with high or low load were presented sequentially, followed by a cue indicating whether the presented items should be remembered. After an interval, subjects were asked to respond to the probe stimuli. The ERPs locked to the cues showed that (a) the effect of cue type was initially observed during the P2 ...
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Abstract Previous researches have shown that recognition accuracy is lower for items cued to-be-forgotten (TBF) than to-be-remembered (TBR). Does directed forgetting help people forget more items than non-directed forgetting? Here, we modified the directed forgetting paradigm by adding a non-cue condition (NC). Consequently, non-directed forgetting would occur in NC. Behavioral results showed higher recognition accuracy for TBF than NC items, indicating that directed forgetting is less effective...
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Abstract In previous item-method directed forgetting (DF) studies, forgetting may have occurred when the maintenance rehearsal of memory items was performed. In this study, a modified item-method DF paradigm was adopted to investigate whether forgetting instruction could produce a positive effect on forgetting the items that were elaborately rehearsed. During the study phase, a to-be-forgotten (TBF) word was followed by a forgetting cue. If no cue followed, the word was a to-be-remembered (TBR) ...
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